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Enkephalinase activity is modified and correlates with fatty acids in frontal cortex depending on fish, olive or coconut oil used in the diet

-dye binding. Anal Biochem 72, 248–254, 1976. Chang GQ, Karatayev O, Ahsan R, Gaysinskaya V, Marwil Z, Leibowitz SF. Dietary fat stimulates endogenous enkephalin and dynorphin in the paraventricular nucleus: role of circulating triglycerides. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292, E561–E570, 2007. Chang GQ, Karatayev O, Barson JR, Chang SY, Leibowitz SF. Increased encephalin in brain of rats prone to overconsuming a fat-rich diet. Physiol Behav 101, 360–369, 2010. Corder G, Castro DC, Bruchas MR, Scherrer G. Endogenous and exogenous opioids in pain. Annu Rev

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Sex and salt intake dependent renin-angiotensin plasticity in the liver of the rat

human liver disease and has antifibrotic activity in the bile-duct-ligated rat. Clin Sci (Lond) 117, 375–386, 2009. Lyngso C, Erikstrup N, Hansen JL. Functional interactions between 7TM receptors in the renin-angiotensin system--dimerization or crosstalk? Mol Cell Endocrinol 302, 203–212, 2009. Mao C, Liu R, Bo L, Chen N, Li S, Xia S, Chen J, Li D, Zhang L, Xu Z. High-salt diets during pregnancy affected fetal and offspring renal renin-angiotensin system. J Endocrinol 218, 61–73, 2013. Matsusaka T, Niimura F, Shimizu A, Pastan I, Saito A, Kobori H

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The effect of peptide tyrosine tyrosine (PYY3–36), a selective Y2 receptor agonist on streptozotocin-induced diabetes in albino rats

of the Y2-receptor promotes secretion of GLP-1 and improves glucose tolerance. Mol Metab 2, 142–152, 2013. Chao PT, Yang L, Aja S, Moran TH, Bi S. Knockdown of NPY expression in the dorsomedial hypothalamus promotes development of brown adipocytes and prevents diet-induced obesity. Cell Metab 13, 573–583, ‏ 2011. Chatree S, Churintaraphan M, Nway N, Sitticharoon C. Expression of Y2R mRNA expression in subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues compared between normal weight and obese female subjects. Siriraj Medical Journal 65, 163–167, 2017

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Nutritional assessment of omega-3 fatty acids intake in schizophrenia patients group

Abstract

Introduction: Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disease which significantly affects functioning and quality of life of patients. Lifestyle, including irregular eating habits, is a factor possibly intensifying symptoms of the disease and unwanted effects of pharmacotherapy. Due to positive effect on metabolic parameters demonstrated in numerous studies and participation in structure and functioning of central nervous system, omega-3 essential unsaturated fatty acids (EFAs) are the suggested form of schizophrenia cotheraphy.

Aim: The purpose of this paper was to evaluate EFAs (especially omega-3 family) consumption by individuals with schizophrenia and comparing contents of these acids in the diets of female and male patients.

Method: A study was conducted with the participation of 32 patients, recruited in the Psychiatric Outpatient Department of the Independent Public Clinical Hospital No. 1 in Lublin, with diagnosed schizophrenia. Data concerning the intake of EFAs was acquired in the course of 24-hour diet recall.

Results: Average intake of omega-3 EFAs in the examined population was 2.40 ± 2.85 g, of which only 201.6 ± 501.5 mg was constituted by EPA and DHA acids. The intake of omega-3 EFAs did not differ between men and women groups (p>0.05). Food rations of the 91% responders were characterised with the intake of EPA and DHA acids below the adequate intake level (AI).

Conclusions: Patients suffering from schizophrenia consume insufficient amounts of EPA and DHA acids. Evidence suggests that optimum intake of omega-3 EFAs could bring significant benefits for this group of patients. People suffering from schizophrenia should be attended with the care of a dietician, who will choose optimum strategy for supplying sufficient amount of nutrients in the diet.

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The bone hormones and their potential effects on glucose and energy metabolism

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Review paper. Gluten-related disorders and schizophrenia - potential linking mechanisms, diagnostic and therapeutic challenge

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Resistance training alone or combined with leucine supplementation improves the serum lipid profile of diabetic rats, whereas leucine alone does not

polyherbal formulation in steptozotocin induced hyperglycemic rats. Anc Sci Life 34, 23–32, 2014. Ghanbari-Niaki A, Saghebjoo M, Hedayati M. A single session of circuit-resistance exercise effects on human peripheral blood lymphocyte ABCA1 expression and plasma HDL-C level. Regul Pept 166, 42–47, 2011. Guido S, Joseph T. Effect of chemically different calcium antagonists on lipid profile in rats fed on a high fat diet. Indian J Exp Biol 30, 292–294, 1992. Hinault C, Mothe-Satney I, Gautier N, Van Obberghen E. Amino acids require glucose to enhance

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Omega – 3 fatty acids in schizophrenia – part I: importance in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia

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Magnesium upregulates insulin receptor and glucose transporter-4 in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced type-2 diabetic rats

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Darapladib inhibits atherosclerosis development in type 2 diabetes mellitus Sprague-Dawley rat model

YP. Inhibition of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 ameliorates inflammation and decreases atherosclerotic plaque formation in ApoE-deficient mice. PLoS ONE 6, e23425, 2011. Wihastuti TA, Sargowo D, Tjokroprawiro A, Permatasari N, Widodo MA, Soeharto S. Vasa vasorum anti-angiogenesis through H2O2, HIF-1α, NF-κB, and iNOS inhibition by mangosteen pericarp ethanolic extract (garcinia mangostana linn) in hypercholesterol-diet-given rattus norvegicus wistar strain. Vasc Health Risk Manag 10, 523–531, 2014. Wihastuti TA, Heriansyah H, Soraya M

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