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Thai parental perception of the etiology of autism spectrum disorders with an emphasis on genetics

Abstract

Background: More than 90% of cases of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are idiopathic and are multi-factorial inheritant in etiology. Although parental perceptions of ASDs etiologies including genetics have been investigated well in western countries, there is no study regarding Asian parental perspectives on the genetic etiology of ASDs. Objectives: Examine what Thai parents perceived to be the etiology of ASDs with particular focus on the role of genetics, and analyze the correlation between demographics of parents and the perception of genetics as an etiology of ASDs. Methods: Children diagnosed with an ASD at Ramathibodi Hospital were recruited, and 328 questionnaires were mailed to their parents between February 1 and March 31, 2008. Based on 252 answers received, the perception of genetics as an etiology of ASDs was evaluated using univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: Among 252 parents, 44.0% cited genetics, 52% cited other prenatal and perinatal factors such as stress and chemical exposure during pregnancy, 33% cited postnatal factors such as child rearing, child’s viewing of television, and playing computer game as etiologies of ASDs. Parents’ education, positive family history of ASDs, and positive family history of speech delay were all significantly associated with the perception of genetics as an etiology of ASDs. Conclusions: Less than half of Thai parents cited genetics as an etiology of ASDs. This finding alerts medical professionals to spend more time and effort to educate and counsel parents.

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Impacts of ICT on the Spatial Differentiation of Social Vulnerability to Natural Hazards in Poland

Abstract

The development of information and communication technologies (ICTs) has significant economic and social impacts at both the global and regional level. Some of these implications have been perceived as positive and unexpected. While both the positive and negative social and economic impacts have been highlighted in the literature, opinions on these impacts remain ambiguous. Those aspects considered to be advantageous include faster communication, ease of use, development in the range of services and revenues, and an increase in individuals’ free time allowance. ICT penetrates all branches of the economy as a set of general purpose technologies. New information and communication technologies ease everyday life, serve as tools to help people in extreme situations, e.g. accidents, illnesses or natural disasters, and are also the pillars of contemporary entertainment media. The usefulness of ICT has been stressed and loudly disseminated to a large extent by the media. On the other hand, these new technologies sensitize society in quite new ways to the well-known natural hazards that people have encountered in the past.

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The Relationship between Attachment, Stress and Academic Success in Albanian Students

.1037/1072-5245.11.2.132 Petroff, L. L. (2008). Stress, Adult Attachment, and Academic Success Among Community College Students, (Doctoral Dissertation Thesis), no 27, The Graduate College at the University of Nebraska. Rabbani, M., Kasmaienezhadfard, S., & Pourrajab, M. (2014). The Relationship between Parental Attachment and Stress: A Review of Literatures Related to Stress among Students, The Online Journal of Counseling and Education, 3,1, 42-50. Rfidah, K., Azizah, A., Norzaidi, M., Chong, S, Ch., Salwani, M. I., & Noraini, I. (2009). The Impact of Perceived Stress and Stress

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Biomarkers of Stress in Saliva / Biomarkeri stresa u pljuvački

.1373/clinchem.2008.108910 15. Clow A , H ucklebridge F , Thorn L . T he c ortisol awakening response in context. Int Rev Neurobiol 2010;93:153-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0074-7742(10)93007-9 16. Perera S, Uddin M, Hayes JA. Salivary lysozyme: a noninvasive marker for the study of the effects of s tress o f natural i mmunity. I nt J B ehav M ed 1997;4(2):170-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327558ijbm0402_5 17. Yang Y, Koh D, Ng V, Lee CY, Chan G, Dong F, Goh SH, Anantharaman V, Chia SE. Self-perceived work related stress and

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Possibilities for Development of Emotional Intelligence in Childhood in the Context of Sustainable Education

Abstract

This article deals with systematization of the categories of emotional intelligence, emotional potential and a relationship between emotions and feelings, and emphasizes the importance of a sustainably developed personality in the context of sustainable education (Jovaiša, 2007, 2011). The inward consistency is perceived as an internal human orientation, showing itself in positive relationship with the exterior world and the individual (Pileckaitė-Markovienė, 2002). A person with a strong sense of internal consistency has a stronger motivation and appears to be more resistant to stress. Educating children to become emotionally sustainable individuals, means helping them to solve their emotional issues, in order to learn important behaviour strategies and to experience positive interactions with their environment. Children who receive emotional education remain more composed and stable in critical situations. They are able to deal with their feelings, even the negative ones, more easily. Such children are less vulnerable to various illnesses and diseases; they experience less anger and aggression.

This article analyzes a system of means and methods for development of intelligence in childhood in the context of sustainable education. It also presents and analyzes the results of recently accomplished research. The aim of the research is to evaluate possibilities and opportunities for development of emotional intelligence in pre-school education institutions and family environment. The article analyses the system of means and measures that aim to develop emotional sustainability in young, preschool children, as it presents and analyses results of the conducted research. The purpose of this research is to assess the emotional potential in children, and the possibilities of educating for emotional sustainability at preschool institutions and within the family environment. The research has targeted preschool pedagogues and parents, who are raising preschool children. The results have shown that respondents do perceive the existence of difference between concepts of emotions and feelings. Childrenís emotions are constantly changing, i.e., they equally display both negative and positive emotions, and, as a result, these emotions may have a fortifying or weakening effect on childrenís emotional sustainability. Emotional intelligence is one of components of inward consistency, and its development in sustainable education is a long, consecutive and continuous activity. Accordingly, the respondents attempt to improve every day and in every possible way. Development of emotional intelligence is a long and consistent work that needs to be practised daily through a variety of activities. In contrast to parents, pedagogues tend to believe that children are the best at assessing and understanding the feelings of other people. The respondents agree that the greatest effect on a childís emotional sustainability comes from family, education and environment. Respondents agree that family, upbringing and environment make the supreme impact on intelligence.

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Methodological Aspects Regarding The Organizational Stress Analysis

Management and Development in a Turbulent Economy, IGI-Global, US, (2014). [15]. Pološki Vokić, N., Bogdanić, A., Individual differences and occupational stress perceived: a Croatian survey, FEB – WORKING PAPER SERIES, Paper No. 07-05, pp. 1-15, Zagreb, (2007). [16]. Queen, F., Educational Leadership in a Culture of Stress, ch. 1, Sage Publishing, US, (2010). [17]. Selye, H., The stress of life, McGraw-Hill, New York, (1956). [18]. Selye, H., Goupil, G., Înţelepciunea stresului, Cores Publishing, Bucureşti, (1991). [19]. Zlate, M., Tratat de

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The Importance of Health Surveys in Workplaces, with Emphasis on the Field of Public Health, in the Target Group of Employees Who Work in Shifts

References Blegan, M. A. (1993). Nurses’ job satisfaction: A meta-analysis of related variables. Research in Nursing & Health , 42 , 36-41. Cavanagh, S. J. (1992). Job satisfaction of nursing staff working in hospitals. Journal of Advanced Nursing , 17 (6), 704-711. Csanaky Gy. (1999). Szervezeti magatartást meghatározó tényezők az egészségügyben. Kórház , 6 (2), 22-31. Fenwick, R., & Tausig, M. (1994). The macroeconomic context of job stress. Journal of Health Social Behavior , 35 , 266-282. Kopp M. (Ed.) (2008). Magyar

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Professional Stress Management in the Work of a Selected Group of Uniform Services - Case Study

and Rescue Service . Safety and Health at Work, 9, 277-289. Lusa, S., Hakkanen, M., Luukonnen, R., Viikari-Juntura, E. 2002. Perceived physical work capacity, stress, sleep disturbance and occupational accidents among firefighters working during a strike . Work Stress, 16(3), 264-274. Mazur, M., Niciejewska M. 2016. Zagrożenia psychospołeczne – występowanie i profilaktyka . In: Klimecka-Tatar, D., Pacana, A. (ed.). Systemy bezpieczeństwa w podmiotach gospodarczych. OWSMJiP, Częstochowa. Niciejewska, M., Olejniczak, K. 2016. Techniki relaksacyjne

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Particularities of occupational health and safety management in the police environment

References Ardinas, A., Miller, JW., Hansen, H. (1986). Ischemic heart disease mortality of firemen and policemen. Am J Public Health, 76(9), 1140-1141. Biggam, F.H., Power, K.G., MacDonald, R.R., Carcary, W.B., Moodie, E. (1997). Self-perceived occupational stress and distress in a Scottish police force. Work and Stress, 11(2), 118−133. Bolstad-Johnson, DM., Burgess, JL., Crutchfield, CD. (2000). Characterization of firefighter exposures during fire overhaul. AIHAJ, 46(3), 636-641. Chapin, M

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Coping Styles Used for Mediation Dental Anxiety and Stress in School Children

REFERENCES 1. Blass EM, Ciaramitaro V. (1994) Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59 (1, Serial No. 239). 2. Boyce, W. T., Barr, R. G., & Zeltzer, L. K. (1992). Temperament and the psychobiology of stress. Pediatrics; 90: 483–486. 3. Clarke, G. N., Hawkins, W., Murphy, M., Sheeber, L. B., Lewinsohn, P. M., & Seeley, J. R. (1995). Targeted prevention of unipolar depressive disorder in an at-risk sample of high school adolescents: A randomized trial of a group cognitive intervention. Journal of the American Academy of

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