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Ivana Haladová and František Petrovič

Abstract

This paper deals with the new classification of land use changes. We chose Nitra town in Slovakia as a model area. We examined changes of land use for the period 2003-2013. The main result of this work is a table for types of land use changes and a map that shows the location of these changes in Nitra town. Nitra is constantly expanding its area and it is also significantly changing within its borders. Agriculturally used surroundings of the town are being transformed into build-up areas and industrial parks. This transformation causes a loss of agricultural land and vegetation, in general. Agriculture in this region has been gradually declining and disappearing in the past years. On the other side, urbanisation, technicisation and industrialisation are highly supported

Open access

J. Dvořák, Z. Wittlingerová, K. Bicanová and J. Skaloš

Abstract

The present research is focused on built-up area (BUA) monitoring. The continental landscape is becoming a limited resource in today’s world, much the same as some materials and energy resources. The goal was to design simple indicators that are compatible with environmental indicators used in the analysis of material and energy flows. We have consequently proposed the indicators BUA per person and gross domestic product (GDP) demands for total BUA. We have used these indicators to evaluate the development in the Czech Republic and the situation in the EU-27 countries. The development in the Czech Republic shows a moderately smooth decrease in the BUA per person indicator value. The GDP demands for BUA indicator showed that the cessation of economic growth after 2008 slowed the process of decoupling of GDP from the BUA. Despite the low GDP in the Czech Republic, the indicator GDP demands for BUA attains lower values than for Austria or Belgium.

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Krisztina Demény, Csaba Centeri and Dániel Szalai

Abstract

The manuscript presents land-use change processes based on former military map analyses. Military maps were derived from the 1770s until the 1890s and later from the CORINE Land Cover map. I observed the transition direction of areal distribution of various land uses. Digitalized maps showed 19-20th century land-use conditions; besides them, we created a grouping system which is based on the intensity of land use. We distinguished six land-use types, ranking them according to the anthropogenic influence (1. built-up areas; 2. arable fields; 3. orchards and vineyards; 4. meadows and pastures; 5. forests; 6. wetlands).

Open access

Nicoleta Iurist (Dumitraşcu), Florian Stătescu and Iustina Lateş

Abstract

Earth observation and space analysis of land areas, oceanic and atmospheric phenomena is a necessity nowadays.

European Space Agency (ESA) is developing a new family of satellites, called Sentinel, in order to perform the operational needs of the environmental monitoring program, Copernicus. Since 2014 until now ESA have successfully launched four satellites, which have a proven track record.

This paper contains information about Sentinel constellation, features of the satellite images and also the applications of Sentinel satellite images. This paper also describes how to purchase satellite data and the software that can be used to view and analysis data are named.

The aim of this paper is to analyze the changes of land cover and land use of study area, in two different periods, based on Sentinel satellite images.

Open access

Canţîr Angela and Sîrodoev Ghennadi

Abstract

In terms of identification and utilization, land categories, were adapted to the specific classification of the Moldavian cadastre as well as some classification items from the Romanian General Cadastre. Here are represented by maps for every utilization category and are given statistical data about every category. Also is made an analysis of all the land use categories and is given a general presentation of the conditions and state in which these land are kept.

Open access

Baria Satyagraha, Lily Montarcih Limantara, Mohammad Bisri and Ussy Andawayanti

Abstract

Land use change in the upstream of Rawa Pening watershed which is more and more dominated by residence and industry causes the increasing of surface flow discharge on the rainy season. In addition, the decreasing of Rawa Pening ability in storing flood discharge also influences to the cropping area in surrounded Rawa Pening. Water surpluses occurring downstream are related to the land use change in the upstream which gives impact in the downstream. However, it is as an important reason to carry out the optimization of water economic value in this region. The disruption of water availability causes the decreasing of any production like hydroelectrical power, fresh water, and rice production, so the optimal water economy is decreasing. This research intends to: 1) analyse the effect of land use change to the water availability; 2) analyse the land use change to the water balance; and 3) build and analyse the optimization model of water economic value due to the land use change. Results show that there is the different influence of land use change during the years to the results of water value optimization.

Open access

Norbert Bozsik and Gábor Koncz

Abstract

In the last decades, the area of agricultural land has been declined permanently in Hungary. Despite the diminishing production area, Hungary is among the leaders in terms of the proportion of agricultural land to the total area in the European Union. There are several reasons of using the arable land. As other economic sectors have gained a greater role in the production of GDP and employment, they have taken a larger area from agriculture. Real estate and infrastructure developments were justified by raising the standard of living of the population. The soil, nature, landscape and water protection aspects were also involved. In Hungary, the arable land is the most important natural resource, so it is very important to protect it. In our study, we examine the changes of arable land and uncultivated area in Hungary based on secondary databases of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office and departments of the Ministry of Agriculture. In the course of the research we focused on regional disparities.

Open access

Benicjusz Głębocki and Robert Perdał

Abstract

This article offers a spatial analysis of transactions in land seen against the resources of land and its use pattern in the Bydgoszcz suburban zone over the years 2007-2010. The research covered individual transactions aggregated into geodetic precincts by type of land. Its object was the most popular types of land, viz. farmland, built and unbuilt urbanised land, and recreational land. The analysis embraced the number of sale/purchase transactions concluded, the mean area of lots, and their market value.

Open access

Oluwagbenga O. I. Orimoogunje

Abstract

This study examined the extent of resource use and the level of degradation consequent upon land use. Three distinctive trends were observed in terms of forest and land cover dynamics. These are forest degradation, deforestation and regeneration. The paper integrated both, topographical map of 1969 and satellite imageries from Landsat MSS 1972, and Landsat TM 1991 and 2000 with ground truthing and socio-economic surveys to assess changes in forest resource use and land cover in South-western Nigeria. The satellite images were analysed using ILWIS software version 3.4. Based on ground truth data and remotely sensed data, the study area was classified into five categories using the supervised maximum likelihood classification technique. The accuracy assessment was carried out on the remotely sensed data. A total of 30 points for each dataset were selected for this operation and the overall accuracy of 90%, 86.7% and 85% respectively was obtained from the three image datasets. Results showed three dominant ecological communities in Oluwa Forest Reserve while two effects of changes on species were identified. The first was the replacement of what could be considered as the original species by other species tolerant to the ‘new’ ecosystem. The other was the reduction in the range of the original species that could be found. This was an indication that the area had been fragmented comparing to its original status. Results suggest that resource utilization and land cover change dynamically over time. The study also revealed that the creation of forest reserve to restrict local access and resource use would have been an effective tool for regulating encroachment and logging activities if there was an effective enforcement of regulation. It is therefore obvious that the main aim of environmental management should be the protection of the natural living space of humankind and integration of environmental scarcity in making decision on all economic issues and activities.

Open access

Ndidzulafhi Innocent Sinthumule

Abstract

Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) have recently emerged as the 21st century approach to managing protected areas in southern Africa. Unlike national parks and other protected areas that place emphasis only on the protection of plant and animal species within their borders, transfrontier conservation areas promote conservation beyond the borders of protected areas. Consequently, this mega-conservation initiative encourage multiple land-use practices with the purpose of improving rural livelihoods whilst promoting biodiversity conservation. Thus, land parcels under different forms of tenure are brought together into a common nature conservation project. This study argues that the integration of various land-use practices within one area benefits conservation goals at the expense of local communities and irrigation farmers. To substantiate this argument, the study draws on fieldwork material collected in the Greater Mapungubwe Transfrontier Conservation Area spanning parts of Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe. The study concludes that multiple-land use practices in transfrontier conservation areas is only promoted by wildlife managers to gain access to extra land.