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Qualitative analysis of irregular fields delivered with dual electron multileaf collimator: A Monte Carlo study

Abstract

The use of a dual electron multileaf collimator (eMLC) to collimate therapeutic electron beam without the use of cutouts has been previously shown to be feasible. Further Monte Carlo simulations were performed in this study to verify the nature and appearance of the isodose distribution in water phantom of irregular electron beams delivered by the eMLC. Electron fields used in this study were selected to reflect those used in electron beam therapy. Results of this study show that the isodose distribution in a water phantom obtained from the simulation of irregular electron beams through the eMLC conforms to the pattern of the eMLC used in the delivery of the beam. It is therefore concluded that the dual eMLC could deliver isodose distributions reflecting the pattern of the eMLC field that was used in the delivery of the beam.

Open access
Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Compression Thin-Walled Composite Plates Weakened by Cut-Outs

Abstract

Buckling and postbuckling response of thin-walled composite plates investigated experimentally and determinated analytically and numerically is compared. Real dimension specimens of composite plates weakened by cut-out subjected to uniform compression in laboratory buckling tests have been modelled in the finite element method and examined analytically based on P-w2 and P-w3 methods. All results were obtained during the experimental investigations and the numerical FEM analysis of a thin-walled composite plate made of a carbon–epoxy laminate with a symmetrical eight-layer arrangement of [90/-45/45/0]s. The instrument used for this purpose was a numerical ABAQUS® program.

Open access
Mode frequency analysis of antisymmetric angle-ply laminated composite stiffened hypar shell with cutout

Abstract

This article deals with finite element method for the analysis of antisymmetric angle-ply laminated composite hypar shells (hyperbolic paraboloid bounded by straight edges) that applies an eight-noded isoparametric shell element and a three-noded beam element to study the mode-frequency analysis of stiffened shell with cutout. Two-, 4-, and 10-layered antisymmetric angle-ply laminations with different lamination angles are considered. Among these, 10-layer antisymmetric angle-ply shells are considered for elaborate study. The shells have different boundary conditions along its four edges. The formulation is based on the first-order shear deformation theory. The reduced method of eigen value solution is chosen for the undamped free vibration analysis. The first five modes of natural frequency are presented. The numerical studies are conducted to determine the effects of width-to-thickness ratio (b/h), degree of orthotropy (E 11/E 22), and fiber orientation angle (θ) on the nondimensional natural frequency. The results reveal that free vibration behavior mainly depends on the number of boundary constraints rather than other parametric variations such as change in fiber orientation angle and increase in degree of orthotropy and width-to-thickness ratio.

Open access