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Gabriel Gálik, Vladimír Kutiš, Jakub Jakubec, Juraj Paulech and Tibor Sedlár

Abstract

The article deals with modelling of coolant flow within the spent fuel storage pool of a VVER 440 reactor. The spent fuel storage pool is modelled in a state of standard reactor operation. The coolant heating from the remaining thermal power of stored spent fuel assemblies was also modelled.

Open access

Józef Rak

Abstract

The paper presents the full transient, two-dimensional finite volume method numerical calculations of the classical involute scroll compressor geometry. The purpose of the study was to develop and evaluate an adaptable implementation of numerical fluid mechanics and thermodynamics modeling procedure with a mesh deformation. The methodology consisting in the compression chamber geometry preparation, mesh generation and governing equations solving was described. The evaluation was carried by simulating an adiabatic compression process and the results were compared with the theoretical zero-dimensional model and the existing research concerning the scroll chamber computational fluid dynamics modeling. It has been shown that the proposed modeling routine results in good accuracy for the scroll compressors study applications.

Open access

Vladimíra Michalcová, Sergej Kuznětsov and Stanislav Pospíšil

Abstracts

Article describes two different approaches of the solution of benchmark solution of bluff aerodynamic, which is the solution of wind pressures upon the cube exposed to the effects of air flow field. Physical modeling is carried out at the wind tunnel of the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics in Telč whereas numerical modeling is performed at the Faculty of Civil Engineering, VSB Technical University of Ostrava of software using Ansys Fluent.

Open access

M. Shabani and A. Mazahery

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Simulation of Liquid-Liquid Mixing in Mixer Settler

Mixer-settlers are widely used inmetallurgical, mineral and chemical process. One of the greatest challenges in the area of hydrometallurgy process simulation is agitation made by impeller inside mixer-settler which yet presents one of the most common operations. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model has been developed to predict the effect of different physical parameters including temperature and density on the mixing characteristics of the system. It is noted that non-isotropic nature of flow in a mixer-settler, the complex geometry of rotating impellers and the large disparity in geometric scales present are some of the factors which contribute to the simulation difficulty. The experimental data for different velocity outlet was also used in order to validate the model.

Open access

Marek Jakubowski

Abstract

The whirlpool separator, used for hot trub separation, is prevalent in the brewing industry. It is a kind of a hydrocyclone inside of which a tea leaf effect occurs, which is sediment accumulation into a cone shape at the central part of the tank’s bottom. This manner of sediment accumulation is caused by the secondary flow occurring in the so-called Ekman boundary layer. This article is a summary of the research, which has been conducted for many years and involved observation, simulation and experimental research on the recognition and formation of the secondary flow accumulating the sediment cone. Secondary flows occurring in a whirlpool were identified through CFD simulation and PIV experiments, and are presented in this paper. Based on their location and direction, an attempt to determine their impact on the separation process taking place in the whirlpool has been made. The secondary flow identification methods proposed in this paper can be successfully applied in other solutions, e. g. structural ones, which involve rotational-flow-based separation.

Open access

Marek Mlkvik, Peter Hlbočan and Branislav Knížat

Abstract

The presented paper focuses on the CFD analysis of flows with a dominant tangential velocity component. A strong volumetric heat source is also present in the computational domain. This heat source represents the electric arc which heats the working medium and produces the plasma. The influence of the boundary conditions used herein on the presented flow is then discussed.

Open access

N. Kapilan, M. Manjunath Gowda and H. N. Manjunath

Abstract

The use of chlorofluorocarbon based refrigerants in the air-conditioning system increases the global warming and causes the climate change. The climate change is expected to present a number of challenges for the built environment and an evaporative cooling system is one of the simplest and environmentally friendly cooling system. The evaporative cooling system is most widely used in summer and in rural and urban areas of India for human comfort. In evaporative cooling system, the addition of water into air reduces the temperature of the air as the energy needed to evaporate the water is taken from the air. Computational fluid dynamics is a numerical analysis and was used to analyse the evaporative cooling system. The CFD results are matches with the experimental results.

Open access

Juraj Králik, Oľga Hubová and Lenka Konečná

Abstract

A Computer-Fluid-Dynamic (CFD) simulation of air-flow around quarter-circular object using commercial software ANSYS Fluent was used to study iteration of building to air-flow. Several, well know transient turbulence models were used and results were compared to experimental measurement of this object in Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel (BLWT) of Slovak University of Technology (SUT) in Bratislava. Main focus of this article is to compare pressure values from CFD in three different elevations, which were obtained from experimental measurement. Polyhedral mesh type was used in the simulation. Best results on the windward face elevations were obtained using LES turbulence model, where the averaged difference was around 7.71 %. On the leeward face elevations it was SAS turbulence model and averaged differences from was 15.91 %. On the circular face it was SAS turbulence model and averaged differences from all elevations was 12.93 %.

Open access

Julia V. Karaeva, Galia R. Khalitova, Dmitry A. Kovalev and Irene A. Trakhunova

Abstract

Two systems of hydraulic mixing in a vertical cylindrical anaerobic digester: standard and modernised are discussed in the paper. Numerical investigations that were carried out are focused on a study of hydrodynamic processes in an aerobic digester using two various systems of hydraulic mixing as well as on analysis of the efficiency of methane fermentation process accomplished under different geometric parameters of an anaerobic digester and systems of hydraulic mixing.

Open access

Bartłomiej Hernik

Abstract

Generally, the temperature of flue gases at the furnace outlet is not measured. Therefore, a special computation procedure is needed to determine it. This paper presents a method for coordination of the numerical model of a pulverised fuel boiler furnace chamber with the measuring data in a situation when CFD calculations are made in regard to the furnace only. This paper recommends the use of the classical 0-dimensional balance model of a boiler, based on the use of measuring data. The average temperature of flue gases at the furnace outlet tk" obtained using the model may be considered as highly reliable. The numerical model has to show the same value of tk" . This paper presents calculations for WR-40 boiler. The CFD model was matched to the 0-dimensional tk" value by means of a selection of the furnace wall emissivity. As a result of CFD modelling, the flue gas temperature and the concentration of CO, CO2, O2 and NOx were obtained at the furnace chamber outlet. The results of numerical modelling of boiler combustion based on volumetric reactions and using the Finite-Rate/Eddy-Dissipation Model are presented.