Diode Laser for Treatment of Symptomatic Hemorrhoid: A Short Term Clinical Result of a Mini Invasive Treatment, and One Year Follow Up
Hemorrhoid is protrusion of plexus or blood vessels in the anal canal. The hemorrhoid may cause symptoms that are: bleeding, pain, prolaps, itching, soilage of feces, and psychologic discomfort. There are many methods for treatment of hemorrhoid like, medical therapy, cryo-therapy, rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, laser, and surgery. All methods have some complication in postoperative period and recurrence.
The aim of the study was to evaluate Diode laser for treatment of hemorrhoid.
Material and methods. This study included patients who suffer from the hemorrhoid. Cases with fistula and fissure had been omitted. Patients with hemorrhoid in grade 2, 3, 4 and mixed were treated with diode laser. Follow up was done 1,7,14, 30, 90, and 360 days laser therapy.
Results. In this study, 341 patients with hemorrhoid treated with diode laser were included. Results of follow-up were as follows: need for analgesia in hospital stay and home was very low total complication was seen in 12 patient (3.51%), edema in 8 patient (2.34%), hemorrhage and abscess each of them in 2 patient (0.58%), stricture and recurrence was zero after one year.
Conclusions. All methods used for hemorrhoid treatment has advantages, disadvantages, and limitations. But treatment of hemorrhoid by Diode laser, which is done by skilled surgeon has several advantages over other treatments. This advantages include, less operation time, less pain and bleeding, allow quick healing of piles, no stricture, and minimal recurrence after operation.