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Motor skill development for children between the ages of 6 to 8 as a result of finishing an initiation level swimming course


Introduction: Swimming, as an activity, covers many of the basic humanistic needs by creating a state of wellbeing as well as help form a holistic person by developing their motor skills, cognition and affection through the stresses of training for competition or just by practicing for recreational purposes. Various scientific studies show the importance of the motor skill component when selecting those fit for competitive swimming. Additionally, there are other studies that demonstrate that swimming can have an anthropometric effect over the body. The purpose of our study was to test if an initiation level swimming course would produce a development of basic motor skills in children between the ages of 6 to 8.

Methodology and Participants: for this study we recruited 10 participants out of which 5 were girls and the remaining 5 were boys. Their age (7,1±0,73) is between 6 and 8 where two of the children are 6 years of age, five are 7 years of age and the last three are 8 years of age. In order to conduct the study, we employed a set of tests that rely on 7 events extracted from the stock of EUROFIT tests.

Results: the final results show that the participants have improved their performances with strong statistical significance.

Conclusions: Undergoing an initiation level swimming course results in a noticeable development of motor skills as well as from the homogeneity of the group, which is considerably improved at final testing.

Open access
A study on how age influences swimming speed in masters breaststroke mencompetitions


Introduction: Masters swimming competitions involve adults who practice swimming as a hobby, and it is focused on three main areas: fitness activity, recreational activity, and competitive activity. Masters swimming competitions are regulated at an international level by the FINA (Federation Internationale de Natation) and by the LEN (Ligue Europeenne de Natation). The Swimming Masters competitions are divided in age groups, starting at the age of 25, as follows: 25-29 years, 30-34 years, 35-39 years etc.

Aim: In this paper we wish to present a study on reduction of swimming speed in relation to age, in breaststroke men competitions (50 m, 100 m, and 200 m).

Methods: We analyzed the swimming speed for Masters Swimmers in a long swimming pool for the following events: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m – man breaststroke. The reference speed for each age group was calculated as the mean of the best 10 times obtained for that certain category.

Results: For competitors aged 60-69 the speed decreases reaching about 80-60% of the maximum speed, and it reaches 80% of the maximum value at ages that range from 70 to 84 years old. After 85 the speed decreases up to 30% to 58% of the maximum speed.

Conclusion: In breaststroke men events the speed at which master competitors swim decreases with age. Regarding the values of speed dependent on age and type of event we can state that it decreases more abruptly for older age in shorter distance events.

Open access
Masters swimming competitions – A study on applying a registration fee


At the conceptual level, masters swimming is systematically practiced in an organized environment, by adults as amateurs. According to the level of personal motivation, practicing swimming by adults can be conducted as: a recreational activity (leisure swimming); an activity for maintaining physical capacity (fitness); a therapeutic activity; a socializing activity; an initiation activity for adults; a competitive activity. The competitive activity values the sportive dimension of masters swimming. At a worldwide level, there are many masters swimming competitions, and the vast majority of them are organized by the masters swimming clubs. Taking into account that the financing of masters swimming events is mainly based on income from the participation fees, the choice of the participation fee is an important factor in the financial success of such an event. The purpose of this study is to analyse the financial impact determined by applying the two most common types of participation fees both on the organizing club and on the participants themselves. Furthermore, we aim to find a way of taxing participation so that one may take part in as many competitions as possible, but also to ensure the budgetary balance of the event.

Open access