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Tódor Kármán – Work of a Hungarian Inventor

Abstract

Sadly, many great Hungarian engineers have been forgotten, engineers who could be outstanding role models for the young engineers of today. In some aspects Tódor Kármán belongs to these forgotten engineers. For that reason, we examine his life and work in our research. I distinctly refer to the educational system of the era, since his scientific work also originated from this. This essay also explores the most important work and inventions of the great scientist with regard to his space research activities that were way ahead of his time. In this context, I also mention Dr. Antal Bejczy, one of his followers in space research.

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The History of the Railway Bridges by the Citadel in Warsaw

Abstract

In 1875 a steel railway bridge was built in northern Warsaw. It had seven spans of 66.22 m and two spans of 15.24 m. In 1908 the second railway bridge was built downstream of the older one. The spacing of supports and spans were the same as in the older bridge. During World War I, both bridges were blown up and then rebuilt, first temporarily and then permanently. Again both were blown up in 1944. In 1945, a temporary crossing was built. In 1947 a permanent bridge was rebuilt, partially replacing rivets with welding. On the pillars of the older bridge, the Gdański Bridge was built (not in this study). In 1963 welded connections were strengthened, in 1980 the structure of the northern track was replaced. In 2016, the northern track was renovated. The replacement of the structure of the southern track is ongoing since 2018.

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Manfréd Weiss – The Achievements of a Hungarian Entrepreneur

Abstract

There are several technical inventors in Hungary who unfortunately have been forgotten or are not commemorated sufficiently. One of such Hungarian is Manfréd Weiss. In our research we examine his life and work, a life devoted to our technological development. Moreover, beyond his life, we also explore the famous inventor-engineer’s technical achievements and their impacts today. We also study the characteristics of the era in which he lived, in order to better understand the work and context of the inventor better.

I would like to emphasise that during our exploration, we realised the importance of this choice of topic: It is the duty of the later generations to explore and learn the work of their predecessors, and to spread and publish the conclusions as widely as possible.

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