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25 Years of Reports on Geodesy and Geoinformatics


The article presents an outline of the 25-year history of the journal “Reports on Geodesy and Geoinformatics”. The source of information was mainly the journal issues themselves. Attention was drawn to changes that the journal underwent over a quarter of a century and its relationship with the Institute of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy and later the Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy. Many issues were dedicated to materials from Polish conferences - those organised by the Institute and the international ones attended by the employees of the Institute, which was indicated in the section on the history of the journal.

The second part of the article concerns the current activity and importance of the journal. Attention was paid to visibility of “Reports on Geodesy and Geoinformatics” in the domestic and foreign databases. Polish databases where the journal is indexed have been identified and briefly described. A separate issue is the evaluation of the journal, which forms a measure of its popularity among consumers. For this purpose, various parameters and biometrics indicators are used. The article used the Web of Science, Google Scholar and the Ministerial List databases for the assessment of the journal.

Open access
Tódor Kármán – Work of a Hungarian Inventor


Sadly, many great Hungarian engineers have been forgotten, engineers who could be outstanding role models for the young engineers of today. In some aspects Tódor Kármán belongs to these forgotten engineers. For that reason, we examine his life and work in our research. I distinctly refer to the educational system of the era, since his scientific work also originated from this. This essay also explores the most important work and inventions of the great scientist with regard to his space research activities that were way ahead of his time. In this context, I also mention Dr. Antal Bejczy, one of his followers in space research.

Open access
Manfréd Weiss – The Achievements of a Hungarian Entrepreneur


There are several technical inventors in Hungary who unfortunately have been forgotten or are not commemorated sufficiently. One of such Hungarian is Manfréd Weiss. In our research we examine his life and work, a life devoted to our technological development. Moreover, beyond his life, we also explore the famous inventor-engineer’s technical achievements and their impacts today. We also study the characteristics of the era in which he lived, in order to better understand the work and context of the inventor better.

I would like to emphasise that during our exploration, we realised the importance of this choice of topic: It is the duty of the later generations to explore and learn the work of their predecessors, and to spread and publish the conclusions as widely as possible.

Open access
A Bibliometric Framework for Identifying “Princes” Who Wake up the “Sleeping Beauty” in Challenge-type Scientific Discoveries



This paper develops and validates a bibliometric framework for identifying the “princes” (PR) who wake up the “sleeping beauty” (SB) in challenge-type scientific discoveries, so as to figure out the awakening mechanisms, and promote potentially valuable but not readily accepted innovative research. (A PR is a research study.)


We propose that PR candidates must meet the following four criteria: (1) be published near the time when the SB began to attract a lot of citations; (2) be highly cited papers themselves; (3) receive a substantial number of co-citations with the SB; and (4) within the challenge-type discoveries which contradict established theories, the “pulling effect” of the PR on the SB must be strong. We test the usefulness of the bibliometric framework through a case study of a key publication by the 2014 chemistry Nobel laureate Stefan W. Hell, who negated Ernst Abbe’s diffraction limit theory, one of the most prominent paradigms in the natural sciences.


The first-ranked candidate PR article identified by the bibliometric framework is in line with historical facts. An SB may need one or more PRs and even “retinues” to be “awakened.” Documents with potential awakening functionality tend to be published in prestigious multidisciplinary journals with higher impact and wider scope than the journals publishing SBs.

Research limitations

The above framework is only applicable to transformative innovations, and the conclusions are drawn from the analysis of one typical SB and her awakening process. Therefore the generality of our work might be limited.

Practical implications

Publications belonging to so-called transformative research, even when less frequently cited, should be given special attention as early as possible, because they may suddenly attract many citations after a period of sleep, as reflected in our case study.


The definition of PR(s) as the first paper(s) that cited the SB article (selfciting excluded) has its limitations. Instead, the SB-PR co-citations should be given priority in current environment of scholarly communication. Since the “premature” or “transformative” breakthroughs in the challenge-type SB documents are either beyond the current knowledge domain, or violate established paradigms, people’s psychological distance from the SB is larger than that from the PR, which explains why the annual citations of the PR are usually higher than those of the SB, especially prior to or during the SB’s citation boom period.

Open access
Forty years of software reuse

Forty years of software reuse

This paper is an overview of software reuse, its origins, research areas and main historical contributions. Reuse as the process of using existing software artefacts and knowledge has more than 40-year long history, and is currently recognized as an important mechanism to improve software quality and development productivity. Main attention is paid to retrospective analysis of key researches in the area of software reuse. Starting from the seminal paper and the other earliest contributions the survey discusses important milestones in the evolution of initial ideas of component sub-industry to mature field of research in software engineering. Active areas of past researches being overviewed by this paper include reuse libraries, asset classification and selection, measurement and experimentation, design patterns and studies of systematic reuse. Separate attention is paid to consolidation of main benefits and obstacles of software reuse. The paper concludes important ideas emerging from the historical experience about multidisciplinary nature of reuse, necessity of software reuse process and the role of domain engineering. Overview of key aspects (organizational, technical and economic) important for establishing software reuse programs is given.

Open access