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Petr Horyl, Richard Šňupárek and Pavel Maršálek

Abstract

The loading capacity and ability of steel arch supports to accept deformations from the surrounding rock mass is influenced significantly by the function of the connections and in particular, the tightening of the bolts. This contribution deals with computer modelling of the yielding bolt connections for different torques to determine the load-bearing capacity of the connections. Another parameter that affects the loading capacity significantly is the value of the friction coefficient of the contacts between the elements of the joints. The authors investigated both the behaviour and conditions of the individual parts for three values of tightening moment and the relation between the value of screw tightening and load-bearing capacity of the connections for different friction coefficients. ANSYS software and the finite element method were used for the computer modelling. The solution is nonlinear because of the bi-linear material properties of steel and the large deformations. The geometry of the computer model was created from designs of all four parts of the structure. The calculation also defines the weakest part of the joint’s structure based on stress analysis. The load was divided into two loading steps: the pre-tensioning of connecting bolts and the deformation loading corresponding to 50-mm slip of one support. The full Newton-Raphson method was chosen for the solution. The calculations were carried out on a computer at the Supercomputing Centre VSB-Technical University of Ostrava.

Open access

Petr Horyl, Richard Šňupárek, Pavel Maršálek and Krzysztof Pacześniowski

Abstract

The total load-bearing capacity of steel arch yielding roadways supports is among their most important characteristics. These values can be obtained in two ways: experimental measurements in a specialized laboratory or computer modelling by FEM. Experimental measurements are significantly more expensive and more time-consuming. However, for proper tuning, a computer model is very valuable and can provide the necessary verification by experiment. In the cooperating workplaces of GIG Katowice, VSB-Technical University of Ostrava and the Institute of Geonics ASCR this verification was successful. The present article discusses the conditions and results of this verification for static problems. The output is a tuned computer model, which may be used for other calculations to obtain the load-bearing capacity of other types of steel arch supports. Changes in other parameters such as the material properties of steel, size torques, friction coefficient values etc. can be determined relatively quickly by changing the properties of the investigated steel arch supports.

Open access

Ahmet Hamdi Deliormanli

Soma has mine subsidence problems associated with production. Therefore, property and infrastructure damage will be related with coal-mine subsidence in Soma. In this study, depending on the underground coal mine production method, damage of subsidence on energy line was determined in Soma-Turkey coalfield. Subsidence may still occur in these areas. Therefore, determining subsidence is very important. Finite element methods (FEM) and field measurements were used for determining the parameters of mechanisms. The software, Phase2, used for the numerical modeling was developed by Rockscience Inc. The results obtained from modeling have been found to be compatible with previous studies and have been compared with actual field observation.