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Open access

Hynek Štekbauer and Ivan Němec

Abstract

The cable-pulley system is widely used for its advantages. In this paper, application of a new algorithm for the calculation of cables on pulleys is presented. Unlike other algorithms, this algorithm enables to take the magnitude of the radius of each pulley into account. This new algorithm is implemented in the RFEM program because of its higher accuracy and efficiency. Comparison of the commonly used algorithm, which ignores pulley radius, and the new algorithm is presented.

Open access

G.J. Reddy, R.S. Raju, J.A. Rao and R.S.R. Gorla

Abstract

An unsteady magnetohydromagnetic natural convection on the Couette flow of electrically conducting water at 4°C (Pr = 11.40) in a rotating system has been considered. A Finite Element Method (FEM) was employed to find the numerical solutions of the dimensionless governing coupled boundary layer partial differential equations. The primary velocity, secondary velocity and temperature of water at 4°C as well as shear stresses and rate of heat transfer have been obtained for both ramped temperature and isothermal plates. The results are independent of the mesh (grid) size and the present numerical solutions through the Finite Element Method (FEM) are in good agreement with the existing analytical solutions by the Laplace Transform Technique (LTT). These are shown in tabular and graphical forms.

Open access

M. Graba

Abstract

This paper deals with the limit load solutions for SEN(T) specimens under plane stress and plane strain conditions. The existing solutions are verified using the Finite Element Method and extended to 3D cases. The numerical results can be used to assess the strength of a structural element with a defect. This paper is a verification and extension of the author’s previous paper [2].

Open access

M. Repka, J. Sládek, V. Sládek and M. Wünsche

Abstract

The finite element method (FEM) is developed for coupled thermoelastic crack problems if material properties are continuously varying. The weak form is utilized to derive the FEM equations. In conventional fracture theories the state of stress and strain at the crack tip vicinity is characterized by a single fracture parameter, namely the stress intensity factor or its equivalent, J-integral. In the present paper it is considered also the second fracture parameter called as the T-stress. For evaluation of both fracture parameters the quarter-point crack tip element is developed. Simple formulas for both fracture parameters are derived comparing the variation of displacements in the quarter-point element with asymptotic expression of displacement at the crack tip vicinity. The leading terms of the asymptotic expansions of fields in the crack-tip vicinity in a functionally graded material (FGM) are the same as in a homogeneous one with material coefficients taken at the crack tip.

Open access

Roman Gogola, Justín Murín and Juraj Hrabovský

Abstract

This paper contains results of transient analysis of airflow around the ACSR power line cross-section in unsymmetric multi-span. The forces applied to the power line are obtained from CFD simulations, where the wind induced vibration is studied. Effect of these forces to the maximal displacement of the power line and the maximal mechanical forces in the points of attachment are studied and evaluated.

Open access

Pavel Kraus, Juraj Úradníček, Miloš Musil and Michal Bachratý

Abstract

The evaluation of disk brake squeal is nowadays performed using Finite Element Model. In this standard procedure the thermal effects are omitted. The omission is done because of long computing time of fully coupled brake system thermo-structural transient analysis. This paper is presenting an effective uncoupled thermo-structural FEM procedure. This method is applied on a pin-on-disc system and its time effectiveness is compared to standard full coupled transient analysis.

Open access

A.K.L. Srivastava, S.R. Pandey and A. Kumar

The vibration characteristics of stiffened plates with cutouts subjected to in-plane partial edge loadings at one end at the plate boundaries are studied using the finite element method. Buckling loads and vibration frequencies are determined for different cutout ratios and extent of partial edge loading at one end. In the structural modelling, the plate and the stiffeners are treated as separate elements where the compatibility between these two types of elements is maintained. The main elegance of the formulation lies in the treatment of the stiffeners. The stiffeners can be placed anywhere within the plate element, and need not be placed on the nodal lines. The vibration characteristics are discussed and the results are compared with those available in the literature. Numerical results are presented for a range of cutout to plate size from 0 to 0.8.

Open access

B. Prabhakar Reddy

Abstract

In this paper, the effect of Hall current on an unsteady MHD transient three dimensional flow of an electrically conducting viscous incompressible fluid past an impulsively started infinite horizontal porous plate relative to a rotating system has been studied. It is assumed that the entire system rotates with a constant angular velocity about the normal to the plate and a uniform magnetic field is applied along the normal to the plate and directed into the fluid region. The magnetic Reynolds number is assumed to be so small that the induced magnetic field can be neglected. The expressions for the primary and secondary fields and shearing stress at the plate due to primary and secondary velocity fields are obtained in a non-dimensional form. The non-dimensional governing equations of the flow are solved by using the Galerkin FEM. The effects of the physical parameters, such as the Hartmann number (M), rotation parameter (Ω), porosity parameter (K) and Hall parameter (m) on primary and secondary velocities and shearing stresses τx and τy due to primary and secondary velocities are discussed through graphs and tables, and results are physically interpreted.

Open access

M. Zielińska and K. Zarychta

Abstract

The article presents numerical simulations of the dynamic wind loads on the structure of a building designed on a cliff in Gdynia. The results obtained from the two methods: Davenport’s and Karman’s are compared. The results allowed a comparison of the two methods, and they provided an answer to the question how a construction, designed in such an unusual condition of a cliff behaves under the influence of the gusting wind. The wind spectrum is presented and compared in both directions: of the X-axis and of the Y-axis. The dynamic calculations are carried out in the Abaqus software. The conducted numerical analyses compare the displacements in two points - at half height of the building and at the top - obtained by the two methods.

Open access

M. Zielińska

Abstract

The article presents a comparative numerical analysis of various ways to strengthen historical brick arches. Five ways of strengthening brick arches with steel tie-rods have been proposed. Two of these involve the use of braces wrapped around pillars supporting the arch connected with a tie-rod; the other two ways involve the use of the tie-rods with welded metal sheets of different sizes; the latter involves the use of a tie-rod glued with the use of an epoxy adhesive. The collected data were compared with the reference model of the arch left without any interference. The results make it possible to evaluate the effectiveness of the methods by comparing displacements in the vertical and horizontal direction and stresses. The article indicates the direction of proper planning and design of the arch strengthening in brick structures in historical buildings.