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Open access

Adam Pilch, Tadeusz Kamisinski, Mirosław Rataj and Szymon Polak

Abstract

Ariane 5 rocket produces very high sound pressure levels during launch, what can influence structures located in the fairing. To reduce risk of damage, launch in vacuum conditions is preferred for noise sensitive instruments. In Wide Filed Imager (WFI) project, the main part of the filterwheel assembly is an extremely thin (~240 nm) filter of large area (170×170 mm), very sensitive to noise and vibrations. The aim of this study was to verify numerical calculations results in anechoic measurements. The authors also checked the influence of WFI geometry and sound absorbing material position on sound pressure level (SPL) affecting the filter mounted inside the assembly. Finite element method (FEM) simulations were conducted in order to obtain noise levels in filter position during Ariane 5 rocket launch. The results will be used in designing of WFI filterwheel assembly and endurance of the filter during launch verification.

Open access

Jakub Szałatkiewicz, Roman Szewczyk, Mateusz Kalinowski, Juhani Kataja, Peter Råback, Juha Ruokolainen and Maciej Kachniarz

Abstract

Microwave devices are widely used in the industry and in the specialized laboratory analyses. Development of such devices requires the possibility of modeling of microwave energy distribution in the specific resonant chambers. Until now, such modeling was possible only with the use of commercial software or was limited to specific cases. The paper presents an open-source module for ELMER software for solving timeharmonic Maxwell’s equations, allowing modeling of microwave waveguide lines. Three test cases of different resonant chambers are investigated at 2.45 GHz frequency. Modeling results obtained from the open-source ELMER Vectorial Helmholtz module show that the application of this software can be effective in R&D works, enabling high-tech small and medium enterprises involvement in advanced microwave technology.

Open access

Dominik Sawicki and Eugeniusz Zieniuk

Abstract

One of the most popular applications of high power lasers is heating of the surface layer of a material, in order to change its properties. Numerical methods allow an easy and fast way to simulate the heating process inside of the material. The most popular numerical methods FEM and BEM, used to simulate this kind of processes have one fundamental defect, which is the necessity of discretization of the boundary or the domain. An alternative to avoid the mentioned problem are parametric integral equations systems (PIES), which do not require classical discretization of the boundary and the domain while being numerically solved. PIES method was previously used with success to solve steady-state problems, as well as transient heat transfer problems. The purpose of this paper is to test the efficacy of the PIES method with time discretization in solving problem of laser heating of a material, with different pulse shape approximation functions.

Open access

R. Halama, A. Markopoulos, M. Šofer, Z. Poruba and P. Matušek

Open access

Wiesław Barnat and Dariusz Sokołowski

Abstract

The paper presents the issue of a knife proof ballistic package. This issue was emphasized since most of modern vests are designed to match the threat posed to them only by firearms. There was observed negligence of protection against melee attacks. There is, thus, a need to develop a research methodology in this matter, because it is a valid and necessary problem in a modern developed society. The aim of this study was to perform a numerical model which simulated the phenomenon of penetration of a ballistic package by an engineering blade. Specification of an engineering blade was taken from standard NIJ Standard-0115.00. Commercial software LSDYNA was used to carry out the analysis.

Open access

R. Wieszała, J. Piątkowski and H. Bąkowski

Abstract

The paper presents an analysis of the effect of shape of primary silicon crystals on the sizes of stresses and deformations in a surface layer of A390.0 alloy by Finite Elements Method (FEM). Analysis of stereological characteristics of the studied alloy, performed based on a quantitative metallographic analysis in combination with a statistical analysis, was used for this purpose. The presented simulation tests showed not only the deposition depth of maximum stresses and strains, but also allowed for determining the aforementioned values depending on the shape of the silicon crystals. The studied material is intended for pistons of internal combustion engines, therefore the analysis of the surface layer corresponded to conditions during friction in a piston-cylinder system of an internal combustion engine having power of up to 100 kW. The obtained results showed important differences in the values of stresses and strains up to 15% between various shape of the silicon crystals. Crystals with sharp edges caused higher stresses and deformation locally than those with rounded shapes.

Open access

Mirosław Witoś and Michał Stefaniuk

Compressor Blade Fatigue Diagnostics and Modelling with the Use of Modal Analysis

This paper investigates the diagnostic and research aspects of the compressor blade fatigue. The authors have reviewed the characteristics of different modes of metal blade fatigue (LCF, HCF, VHCF). The polycrystalline defects and impurities influencing the fatigue, along with their related surface finish techniques, have been taken into account. The experimental methods of structural health assessment have been considered. The Tip Timing (TTM), Experimental Modal Analysis (EMA) and Metal Magnetic Memory (MMM) provide information on the damage of the diagnosed object (compressor blade). It has been proven that the shape of resonance characteristics gives an ability to determinate if fatigue or a blade crack is concerned. Early damage symptoms, i.e. modal properties of material strengthening and weakening phases have been described. The experimental verification of the FEM model is presented based on a large body of experimental data collected by the author.

Open access

Andrzej Gołaś and Roman Filipek

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present methods of digitally synthesising the sound generated by vibroacoustic systems with distributed parameters. A general algorithm was developed to synthesise the sounds of selected musical instruments with an axisymmetrical shape and impact excitation, i.e., Tibetan bowls and bells. A coupled mechanical-acoustic field described by partial differential equations was discretized by using the Finite Element Method (FEM) implemented in the ANSYS package. The presented synthesis method is original due to the fact that the determination of the system response in the time domain to the pulse (impact) excitation is based on the numerical calculation of the convolution of the forcing function and impulse response of the system. This was calculated as an inverse Fourier transform of the system’s spectral transfer function. The synthesiser allows for obtaining a sound signal with the assumed, expected parameters by tuning the resonance frequencies which exist in the spectrum of the generated sound. This is accomplished, basing on the Design of Experiment (DOE) theory, by creating a meta-model which contains information on its response surfaces regarding the influence of the design parameters. The synthesis resulted in a sound pressure signal in selected points in space surrounding the instrument which is consistent with the signal generated by the actual instruments, and the results obtained can improve them.

Open access

G. Leonardi

Abstract

The paper presents a numerical study of an aircraft wheel impacting on a flexible landing surface. The proposed 3D model simulates the behaviour of flexible runway pavement during the landing phase. This model was implemented in a finite element code in order to investigate the impact of repeated cycles of loads on pavement response.

In the model, a multi-layer pavement structure was considered. In addition, the asphalt layer (HMA) was assumed to follow a viscoelastoplastic behaviour.

The results demonstrate the capability of the model in predicting the permanent deformation distribution in the asphalt layer.

Open access

Krzysztof Ostrowski and Aleksander Kozłowski

Abstract

One of the flexibility parameters of semi-rigid joints is rotation capacity. Plastic rotation capacity is especially important in plastic design of framed structures. Current design codes, including Eurocode 3, do not posses procedures enabling designers to obtain value of rotation capacity. In the paper the calculation procedure of the rotation capacity for stiffened bolted flush end-plate beam-to-column connections has been proposed. Theory of experiment design was applied with the use of Hartley’s PS/DS-P:Ha3 plan. The analysis was performed with the use of finite element method (ANSYS), based on the numerical experiment plan. The determination of maximal rotation angle was carried out with the use of regression analysis. The main variables analyzed in parametric study were: pitch of the bolt “w” (120-180 mm), the distance between the bolt axis and the beam upper edge cg1 (50-90 mm) and the thickness of the end-plate tp (10-20 mm). Power function was proposed to describe available rotation capacity of the joint. Influence of the particular components on the rotation capacity was also investigated. In the paper a general procedure for determination of rotation capacity was proposed.