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Open access

Ivan Balázs and Jindřich Melcher

Abstract

The paper deals with geometrically nonlinear analysis of steel beams of monosymmetric thinwalled cross-sections loaded perpendicularly to the plane of symmetry eccentrically to the crosssection shear centre. Numerical analysis of selected transversely loaded beams is performed using Dlubal RFEM code based on finite element method. Accuracy of interaction formula for bending with lateral torsional buckling and torsion is studied.

Open access

J. Piekło and M. Maj

Abstract

The article presents various aspects of the analysis of the state of stress in carbon block induced by the effect of temperature when a steel pin is connected to the block by pouring a shaped groove with cast iron. Changes in the temperature and state of stress in the block were examined by FEM (Abaqus program). The numerical model was validated by experimental measurements of pin deflection during pouring of the groove with cast iron.

Open access

Rostislav Čech, Petr Horyl and Pavel Maršálek

Abstract

This contribution explores how design changes can affect resistance of rail wagon seat-to-frame connections at impact test and proposes alternative way to construct such connections. Results were due to a nature of presented problem obtained by computer modelling using MSC Nastran with explicit finite element method solution invoked. Physical tests were also conducted and comparison with numerical results is presented.

Open access

Adam Pilch, Tadeusz Kamisinski, Mirosław Rataj and Szymon Polak

Abstract

Ariane 5 rocket produces very high sound pressure levels during launch, what can influence structures located in the fairing. To reduce risk of damage, launch in vacuum conditions is preferred for noise sensitive instruments. In Wide Filed Imager (WFI) project, the main part of the filterwheel assembly is an extremely thin (~240 nm) filter of large area (170×170 mm), very sensitive to noise and vibrations. The aim of this study was to verify numerical calculations results in anechoic measurements. The authors also checked the influence of WFI geometry and sound absorbing material position on sound pressure level (SPL) affecting the filter mounted inside the assembly. Finite element method (FEM) simulations were conducted in order to obtain noise levels in filter position during Ariane 5 rocket launch. The results will be used in designing of WFI filterwheel assembly and endurance of the filter during launch verification.

Open access

Dominik Sawicki and Eugeniusz Zieniuk

Abstract

One of the most popular applications of high power lasers is heating of the surface layer of a material, in order to change its properties. Numerical methods allow an easy and fast way to simulate the heating process inside of the material. The most popular numerical methods FEM and BEM, used to simulate this kind of processes have one fundamental defect, which is the necessity of discretization of the boundary or the domain. An alternative to avoid the mentioned problem are parametric integral equations systems (PIES), which do not require classical discretization of the boundary and the domain while being numerically solved. PIES method was previously used with success to solve steady-state problems, as well as transient heat transfer problems. The purpose of this paper is to test the efficacy of the PIES method with time discretization in solving problem of laser heating of a material, with different pulse shape approximation functions.

Open access

R. Halama, A. Markopoulos, M. Šofer, Z. Poruba and P. Matušek

Open access

Wiesław Barnat and Dariusz Sokołowski

Abstract

The paper presents the issue of a knife proof ballistic package. This issue was emphasized since most of modern vests are designed to match the threat posed to them only by firearms. There was observed negligence of protection against melee attacks. There is, thus, a need to develop a research methodology in this matter, because it is a valid and necessary problem in a modern developed society. The aim of this study was to perform a numerical model which simulated the phenomenon of penetration of a ballistic package by an engineering blade. Specification of an engineering blade was taken from standard NIJ Standard-0115.00. Commercial software LSDYNA was used to carry out the analysis.

Open access

R. Wieszała, J. Piątkowski and H. Bąkowski

Abstract

The paper presents an analysis of the effect of shape of primary silicon crystals on the sizes of stresses and deformations in a surface layer of A390.0 alloy by Finite Elements Method (FEM). Analysis of stereological characteristics of the studied alloy, performed based on a quantitative metallographic analysis in combination with a statistical analysis, was used for this purpose. The presented simulation tests showed not only the deposition depth of maximum stresses and strains, but also allowed for determining the aforementioned values depending on the shape of the silicon crystals. The studied material is intended for pistons of internal combustion engines, therefore the analysis of the surface layer corresponded to conditions during friction in a piston-cylinder system of an internal combustion engine having power of up to 100 kW. The obtained results showed important differences in the values of stresses and strains up to 15% between various shape of the silicon crystals. Crystals with sharp edges caused higher stresses and deformation locally than those with rounded shapes.

Open access

G. Leonardi

Abstract

The paper presents a numerical study of an aircraft wheel impacting on a flexible landing surface. The proposed 3D model simulates the behaviour of flexible runway pavement during the landing phase. This model was implemented in a finite element code in order to investigate the impact of repeated cycles of loads on pavement response.

In the model, a multi-layer pavement structure was considered. In addition, the asphalt layer (HMA) was assumed to follow a viscoelastoplastic behaviour.

The results demonstrate the capability of the model in predicting the permanent deformation distribution in the asphalt layer.

Open access

T. Bulzak, J. Tomczak and Z. Pater

Abstract

This paper presents results of theoretical and experimental research works on the rolling process of a lever preform from magnesium alloy AZ31. The forge rolling process of the preform was realized in the system oval-circle. The paper focuses mainly on kinematics of material flow and proper filling of rolling impressions. Research aiming at determining possibilities of faults presence in the form of cracks, overlapping and improper filling of the impressions were also conducted. During experimental research it was noticed that material cracking took place at the moment of material clamping by rolls. Moreover, it was stated that this cracking may be the result of large shearing stresses action, appearing at the moment of material clamping by rolls. Shearing stresses values were determined on the basis of numerical calculations. Next, tools were modified in order to lower tangential stresses at the moment of material clamping by rolls. The further experimental research with modified tools confirmed the rightness of the assumptions. On the basis of conducted works on the forge rolling process of magnesium alloy AZ31, it was stated that when material is clamped by tools tangential stresses intensification should not take place.