Zorica Savovic, Violeta Iric-Cupic and Goran Davidovic
Given Taking that the TIMI score is a major predictor of MACE, this study aimed to determine the value of the TIMI risk score in predicting poor outcomes (death, myocardial infarction, recurrent pain) in patients presenting with unstable angina pectoris in short-term observation. A total of 107 patients with APns were examined at the Clinical Centre Kragujevac and were included in the investigation. The TIMI score was determined on the first day of hospitalization. During hospitalization, the following factors were also observed: troponin, ECG evolution, further therapy (pharmacologic therapy and/or emergency PCI or CABG), age, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia. The low-risk group (TIMI 0 - 2) included 30.8% of patients, whereas 47.6% of patients were in the intermediate-risk group (TIMI 3 - 4), and 21.5% of patients were in the high-risk group (TIMI 5 - 7). Good outcomes (without adverse event) and poor outcomes (death, myocardial infarction, and recurring chest pain) were dependent on the TIMI risk score. The increase in TIMI risk score per one unit increased the risk of a poor outcome by 54%. Troponin and TIMI risk score were positively correlated. Our results suggest that the TIMI risk score may be a reliable predictor of a poor outcome (MACE) during the short-term observation of patients with APns. Moreover, patients identified as high-risk benefit from early invasive PCI, enoxaparin and Gp IIb/IIIa inhibitors. Th us, routine use of the TIMI risk score at admission may reduce the number of patients not recognized as high-risk.
Ivan Praznik, Marko Spasić, Ivan Radosavljević, Bojan Stojanović, Dragan Čanović, Dragče Radovanović, Zorica Savović, Radiša Vojinović, Živan Babić, Nela Đonović, Tanja Luković, Predrag Lazarević, Nataša Đorđević, Irena Kostić, Ivana Jelić, Jelena Petrović, Stefan Stojanović, Milena Jurišević, Iva Grubor, Ljiljana Nikolić, Ksenija Vučićević, Viktorija Artinović, Anđela Milojević, Marina Kostić, Srđjan Stefanović and Slobodan Janković
The aim of the paper was to determine the factors related to the initial therapy that may contribute to death from severe necrotizing acute pancreatitis and to analyze their clinical importance as well as possible additive effects.
A retrospective case-control study included all adult patients treated for severe necrotizing acute pancreatitis in the Clinical Center of Kragujevac, Serbia, during the five-year period (2006-2010.). The cases (n = 41) were patients who died, while the controls (n = 69) were participants who survived. In order to estimate the relationship between potential risk factors and observed outcome, crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated in logistic regression models.
Significant association with observed outcome was shown for the use of gelatin and/or hydroxyethyl starch (adjusted OR 12.555; 95 % CI 1.150-137.005), use of albumin (adjusted OR 27.973; 95 % CI 1.741-449.373), use of octreotide (adjusted OR 16.069; 95 % CI 1.072-240.821) and avoiding of enteral feeding (adjusted OR 3.933; 95 % CI 1.118-13.829), while the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs had protective role (adjusted OR 0.057; 95 % CI 0.004-0.805).
The risk of death in patients with predicted severe necrotizing acute pancreatitis could be reduced with avoidance of treatment with colloid solutions, albumin and octreotide, as well as with an early introduction of oral/enteral nutrition and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.