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  • Author: Zorica Gajinov x
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Milan Matić, Aleksandra Matić, Zoran Golušin, Sonja Prćić and Zorica Gajinov

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a very common chronic disease, yet often overlooked by healthcare providers. Education of physicians may have a positive impact on better recognition and treatment of patients with CVI. Material and Methods: During the one year period (2011), we conducted a series of specialized courses on CVI for physicians in the South Bačka region. Before and after each course, the attendants were asked to complete entry and exit tests. During two three-year periods, before and after the education courses (2008 - 2010, and 2012 - 2014), data on hospital morbidity and number of patients with CVI, examined by physicians in general practice and in dermatological outpatient facilities in South Bačka region, Province of Vojvodina, were gathered and analyzed. Results: In the period 2008 - 2010, a total of 1.128 patients were hospitalized due to CVI with an average length of stay of 6.42 days. In the period 2012 - 2014, 1.296 patients were hospitalized and the average length of stay was 3.76 days. The number of hospitalizations increased in second period by 14.89%, and the average length of stay decreased by 41.43%. In the period 2008 - 2010, the total number of patients with CVI in the general practice was 13.624 and in the second period 14.931 patients. The number of examinations increased by 9.59%. In the period 2008 - 2010, there were 1.094 patients with CVI in dermatological outpatient facilities, and 1.165 patients in the second period,. A slight increase of 6.09% was noticed. After analyzing the entry and exit test results, on average, there were 7.35 correct answers in the entry test, and 8.89 correct answers in the exit test. An increase in knowledge by 20.95% was established. Conclusion: Education of physicians in primary and secondary health care facilities may have a positive impact on early diagnosis and better treatment of patients with CVI.

Open access

Tatjana Roš, Branislava Gajić, Milana Ivkov-Simić and Zorica Gajinov

Abstract

Basal cell carcinoma is a slow-growing, malignant epidermal tumor predominantly affecting sun exposed areas in Caucasians, accounting for up to 80% of all diagnosed skin cancers, with a rising incidence. Chronic UV radiation, in association with constitutional factors, plays the main role in its etiology. Inappropriate activation of the hedgehog signaling pathway seems to be a key pathogenesis mechanism. Basal cell carcinoma metastases are extremely rare, but it is a locally invasive tumor that can cause significant destruction of the surrounding tissues, with their functional and esthetic impairment. There are four main clinical types of basal cell carcinoma, although clinical classification is of poor prognostic significance. Preselection of suspicious lesions and treatment planning include noninvasive diagnostic techniques: dermoscopy, confocal microscopy and ultrasoud imaging, yet histopathology remains the “gold standard” of basal cell carcinoma diagnosis. In terms of the histological growth pattern, which is essential for the prognosis, basal cell carcinoma may be divided into circumscribed or diffuse types. Surgical excision is considered to be a first line treatment option, but there are numerous less invasive treatment modalities for low-risk basal cell carcinoma. Prevention strategies are focused on behavioral modifications, regular follow up and use of chemopreventive agents in high-risk patients.

Open access

Zorica Gajinov, Milan Matić, Sonja Prćić and Verica Đuran

Abstract

Visual perception of human skin is determined by the light that reflects off the skin surface to retina and interpretation of these information by visual centers in the brain cortex. Skin has a partly translucent and turbid structure and visual perceptions depend on interactions between the light and structures of the skin surface and below it, through absorption, reflection and scattering. Light absorption by the skin depends on the composition, absorption spectra and amount (volume fraction) of chromophores. Subsurface scattering occurs within the skin layers: Rayleigh scattering (subcellular structures sized up to 1/10 of incident wavelength) and Mie scattering (collagen, melanosomes). Due to fluctuations of the refractive index within tissue components and intense scattering, the spatial distribution of light within the skin is diffuse. Skin images are created by the light that reflects off the skin after being color-modified by absorption and being scattered on the skin surface and internal skin structures.

Open access

Sonja Prćić, Zorica Gajinov, Anica Radulović, Milan Matić and Aleksandra Matić

Abstract

Unilateral laterothoracic exanthem (ULE), or asymmetric periflexural exanthem of childhood (APEC), is an uncommon skin eruption that usually occurs in childhood, with unilateral distribution and self limiting course. The etiology of ULE is unknown, but viral cause is suspected. We report a case of ULE in a 4-year-old girl, that was associated with parvo virus B19 infection, and a brief selected literature review. The patient presented with unilateral maculopapular rash on the left side of the body which was asymptomatic and resolved spontaneously within 5 weeks. The clinical diagnosis of ULE may be precise, ruling out a broad spectrum of differential diagnosis, and prevent unnecessary examinations, whereas the patient is informed about the benign self-limiting nature of ULE.

Open access

Milan Matić, Verica Đuran, Marina Jovanović, Zorica Gajinov, Aleksandra Matić, Branislav Đuran, Boža Pal and Neda Mimica-Dukić

Abstract

Traditional medicine credits yarrow (Achillea millefolium) with the ability to accelerate wound healing. The purpose of this research was to determine the effects of yarrow on the epithelization of the lower leg venous ulcers. The study included 39 patients with venous leg ulcers. They were divided into two groups: the first (experimental) group of patients were treated with an ointment containing 7.5% of yarrow extract. In the second (control) group, saline solution dressings were applied to ulcers, within the period of three weeks. In the experimental group, at the beginning of the therapy, the total surface of all the ulcers was 44736 mm2. After three weeks, the total surface of all the ulcers was 27000 mm2 (a decrease of 39.64%). In the control group, at the beginning of the therapy, the total surface of all the ulcers was 46116 mm2. At the end of the study (21 days) the total surface of all the ulcers was 39153 mm2 (a decrease of 15.1%). Herbal preparations are suitable for application in the therapy of venous ulcers, but their efficiency in wound healing is still to be investigated.

Open access

Sonja Prćić, Verica Đuran, Zorica Gajinov, Matild Čeke, Jelena Tomić, Gordana Vijatov and Mirjana Anđelić

Abstract

Nodular forms of mastocytosis are rather rare skin diseases, especially when localized on the vulva. A 9-year-old girl presented with urticaria pigmentosa type lesions since her 4th year, associated with several solitary or confluent vulvar nodules, varying in size from a pea to a walnut, and mild systemic symptoms. Diagnosis of mastocytosis was confirmed by histology, and apart from splenomegaly, no signs of systemic spread or associated hematologic disorders were detected. Therapeutic response of nodular lesions was rather poor, and further follow up is necessary.

Open access

Željko P. Mijušković, Lidija Kandolf-Sekulović, Danica Tiodorović, Miloš Nikolić, Marina Jovanović, Dušan Škiljević, Zorica Gajinov and Radoš D. Zečević