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Open access

Rade Babić, Zoran Milošević and Gordana Babić

Teleradiology - Radiology at Distance

Teleradiology has made using the Internet explorer possible to access to images and patient findings, to browse, view and write radiological reports on any computer in any location, with all the appropriate rights (security and confidentiality). Diagnosis, consultation and education of students, doctors and paramedical staff, scientific research, administration, management, planning and improvement of public health got in teleradiology new and powerful tools. In this paper, the authors try to give the right answer to the following questions: what is teleradiology, why teleradiology, the benefits of teleradiology, teleradiolgy success, teleradiology failure, radiology workflow, teleradiology scenarios, mobile radiology etc. The authors conclude that today's teleradiology creates the future radiology.

Open access

Rade Babić, Zoran Milošević and Gordana Babić

Web Technology in Health Information System

The paper gives a concise review of the implementation of the web-based systems in teleradiology, radiological information system, hospital information system and in other modern medical information systems. The paper presents PACS (Picture Archiving and Communication System) and DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) that have been domesticated in the vocabulary of radiological terminology and beyond. It points to the basic characteristics and objectives of PACS systems and DICOM standards, accentuating the needs for appliance of methods for digital signal processing and machine intelligence. It is concluded that assotiated medicine and information technologies lead to the progress of the mankind.

Open access

Aleksandra Stanković, Branislav Petrović and Zoran Milosević

Abstract

Distance learning can be defined as education or training offered to participants at a different place, physically distant from the lecturer or sources of information. The difference in attitudes and knowledge of students about distance learning in relation to gender and year of studying was examined. The study sample included 371 students of the Faculty of Medicine in Niš (165 students were at the first year of studies and 206 students were at the sixth year of studies). Originally structured epidemiological questionnaire was distributed to students. Gender and age had no significant influence on students’ knowledge of distance learning. There was no statistically significant difference in taking positive attitudes about distance learning among medical students of the first and sixth year. Gender has statistically significantly affected the attitudes. E-learning does not eliminate the existing methods of learning, but it supplements them and greatly helps in teaching plans and programs.

Open access

Jelena Petrović, Zoran Milošević and Ivan Petrović

Summary

School curriculum and syllabus of physical education sets in front of the pupils the objectives and tasks that could be, by their nature, both physical and socio-psychological while the level of mastering of the contents is measured with a mark that is seen as the result of efficiency of overall educational process at a certain education level. However, the mark in physical education is a composite of numerous factors, one of which is motivation that can be considered within a school environment as readiness for an active engagement of pupils during classes (contrary to passive and mechanical fulfilment of requirements and acting based on the teachers’ demand, or open and direct obstruction of a class, disturbing of discipline and refusal to actively implement the curriculum). Therefore, it is important to take pupils’ motivation into account in order to fulfilthe sense of physical education classes, remedy the potential shortcomings, and improve additionally the planned syllabus. The Scale for measurement of readiness for active involvement at physical education classes in elementary school has been designed with that aim since early adolescence is considered a critical period for adopting of healthy lifestyles and its metric characteristics have also been tested. The Scale consists of five levels, of Likert’s type and it consists of two sub-scales (Commitment and Winning) with nine statements in total.

With good psychometric characteristics, easy understanding, concise contents and short and simple setting it is recommended for further work and additional research in the field of motivation in physical education in both elementary and secondary school.

Open access

Nenad Živanović and Zoran Milošević

Summary

The history of the 19th century, filled with various social turning points and diverse ups and downs, points equally clearly to the need for organised physical exercising. Naturally, there are various reasons for that, but they could be all classified in three groups: a) as the need – for physical exercise, that salutary food for a human being; b) as politics – due to waging of both the wars of conquest and wars of defence; c) and as ideology – which can be noted in the need for emerging and development of ethnocentric development of physical exercising.

As always, people who could see farther and better than others thanks to their education, vision and emphasised patriotism were behind the idea of the need for organised physical exercising. Such people could be found in every part of turbulent Europe and each of them cared for and tried to help in preservation of their own people. In the territories populated by the Serbs we should mention the educators and patriots who raised high the torch of enlightenment working at the times full of challenges and difficult social circumstances. They were Vasa Pelagić, Djordje Natošević and Steva Todorović.

Open access

Nenad Živanović and Zoran Milošević

Abstract

Physical culture with the man in its centre has always been an integral part of social events and troubles in various times and ages. Regardless the need to adjust its theory and practice to the given requirements and social circumstances of the time it has always been stretched between rationalism and theanthropos‐centrism. Rationalism and its right wing the Enlightenment had formed deep furrows in the area of physical culture, (too) since the age of Pythagoras, Epicurus, Plato and later Origen and the Neoplatonists and Descartes' ''I think, therefore I am''. The great Njegoš made a clear judgement of the general effects of Rationalism in his work The Ray of the Microcosm: ''You, Pythagoras and you, Epicurus, ... You have degraded a being a man.'' Indeed, only a glimpse at today's events and the development of sport and physical exercise is enough to prove his words to be true. On the other hand, thenathropos‐centrism with its theory and practice bring back hope that not all is lost, when everything is lost (R.P. Nogo). Theanthroposcentrism or, God‐man centrism as it can be called, approaches man with Love and belief that physical exercises is divine food for the human being. And that the food is given to him so that he can master the good as gifted from the Creator, to stand firm, get strong and divinized. Therefore, we can say that Rationalism and Thanthropos‐centrism are two views of and two approaches to man (even) in modern times. Behind the first one there is pridewhereas behind the second one there isLove. It is up to man himself to choose his way.

Open access

Venko Filipce, Aleksandar Caparoski and Zoran Milosevic

Abstract

The management of intracranial aneurysms has changed dramatically in recent years. The science and technology advancement have resulted in new therapeutic options for their treatment. There is an increased interest among neurosurgeons to perform endovascular procedures for intracranial aneurysms. This has become a part of the neurosurgical residency in the US. We are presenting our first experience of ruptured aneurysm coiling using stent assisted technique.

Open access

Jelena Milosevic, Danijela Pavicevic, Katarina Parezanovic-Ilic and Zoran Milenkovic

Abstract

Peripheral paralysis of facial nerve in the newly-born can be congenital and developed. In clinical sense, paralysis of facial nerve is characterised by paralysis of mimic face muscles that are controlled by a facial nerve. A female newly-born, delivered by Caesarean section was clinically diagnosed weakness on the right side of the face. Thirteen days after the birth the newly-born was examined by a physiatrist for the first time due to the weakness of the right facial side. During the first year of life a severe congenital lesion of facial nerve was diagnosed. Rehabilitation treatments were administered during the first year of life, with partial clinical improvement. The seriousness of facial nerve lesion has a significant influence on the degree of recovery. It is very important to identify the type of lesion by using efficient technology, since it is the only way to provide early and adequate therapy.

Open access

Patrik Drid, Miodrag Drapsin, Tatjana Trivic, Damir Lukač, Slavko Obadov and Zoran Milosevic

Asymmetry of muscle strength in elite athletes

Study aim: To determine muscle strength variables in elite judoists and wrestlers since thigh muscle strength and bilaterally balanced flexor-to-extensor ratio minimise injury risk and are desirable for achieving sport successes.

Material and methods: Judoists, wrestlers and untrained subjects, 10 each, were subjected to isokinetic strength measurements of relative peak torques of knee flexor and extensor muscles on "Easy-Tech" dynamometer in concentric-concentric mode.

Results: Mean relative peak muscle torques for knee flexors ranged from 1.14 ±0.27 (untrained) to 1.57 ±0.40 (judoists) N·m/kg and for knee extensors from 2.77 ± 0.34 (untrained) to 3.60 ± 0.64 (wrestlers) N·m/kg. The flexor-to-extensor ratios ranged from 39.3 ± 6.0 to 47.8 ± 10.8% and did not differ significantly between groups. Absolute right/left asymmetry for knee flexors ranged from 14.6 ± 10.4 to 17.4 ± 11.8% and was significantly (p<0.01) higher than for knee extensors (7.2 ± 6.8 to 8.6 ± 7.7%). All asymmetry indices were significant (p<0.01), no significant between group differences being detected.

Conclusions: Implementing new training elements and modalities may improve the performance and prevent lateral asymmetry thus decreasing the risk of injuries.

Open access

Vladimir Dimitrijevic, Jevrosima Stevanovic, Mila Savic, Branko Petrujkic, Predrag Simeunovic, Ivan Milosevic and Zoran Stanimirovic

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess a commercially available microsatellite panel for use in paternity and identification analyses in the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, an ancient livestock guarding breed. Allele frequencies for 10 microsatellite loci (PEZ01, FHC2054, FHC2010, PEZ05, PEZ20, PEZ12, PEZ03, PEZ06, PEZ08 and FHC2079) were determined in 103 unrelated Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog individuals. The loci revealed varied levels of polymorphism (five to 12 alleles), with an average of 7.83 per locus. Average values of observed heterozygosity and polymorphic information content (PIC) were 0.64 and 0.66, respectively. Nine out of 10 microsatellite markers were highly informative with PIC values higher than 0.5. The obtained value of combined power of exclusion (0.9989) confirms usefulness of this panel of microsatellites for parentage verification, while the value of combined power of discrimination of 0.9999 clearly shows that the panel can conclusively identify individual dogs. In conclusion, the results obtained suggest that the selected set of commercially available microsatellite markers may be used as a routine tool for parentage verification and individual identification in the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog. Although analysis of genetic variability of the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog was not the primary focus of the study, the established values of major diversity indices disclose a highly variable gene pool in the breed.