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  • Author: Zoltán Horváth x
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Insulation Panels Made from Thermally Modified Bark

Abstract

Thermally treated and ground poplar bark was used as the raw material for pressed bark insulation panels. Bark chips were treated for one, two, and three hours at 180 °C after a slow warming, drying process. The physical and mechanical properties of the pressed panels were investigated and compared to each other and to the control panel made of untreated bark chips. Thermal conductivity showed slight deviations and ranged from 0.064 – 0.067 W·m−1·K−1. The MOR and MOE showed a significant increase of 100%. The internal bond increased by 27% while the water absorption and thickness swelling decreased by 53.8% and 69.1% respectively. Panel density did not change significantly because the target density was the same for every panel type. The mechanical and physical properties of thermal insulation panels made of heat-treated chips increased significantly.

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Investigating the Possibility to Individualize Asthma Attack Therapy Based on Attack Severity and Patient Characteristics

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this study was to investigate with the help of a computerized simulation model whether the treatment of an acute asthma attack can be individualized based on the severity of the attack and the characteristics of the patient. Material and Method: A stochastic lung model was used to simulate the deposition of 1 nm - 10 μm particles during a mild and a moderate asthma attack. Breathing parameters were varied to maximize deposition, and simulation results were compared with those obtained in the case of a severe asthma attack. In order to investigate the effect of height on the deposition of inhaled particles, another series of simulations was carried out with identical breathing parameters, comparing patient heights of 155 cm, 175 cm and 195 cm. Results: The optimization process yielded an increase in the maximum deposition values of around 6-7% for each type of investigated asthma attack, and the difference between attacks of different degree of severity was around 5% for both the initial and the optimized values, a higher degree of obstruction increasing the amount of deposited particles. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the individualization of asthma attack treatment cannot be based on particles of different size, as the highest deposited fraction in all three types of attacks can be obtained using 0.01 μm particles. The use of a specific set of breathing parameters yields a difference between a mild and a moderate, as well as a moderate and a severe asthma attack of around 5%.

Open access
Development Directions and Opportunities of Market Places in the Balaton Region Especially Concerning Local Producers’ Markets

Abstract

Nowadays, the change of travel and consumption habits of tourists brings a destination into prominence. The characteristic products of the destinations with complex tourism supply appear as univocal association of ideas for the potential tourists. In the analysed Balaton region, besides the accentuated waterside tourism, the definite development of the gastronomy trends can be seen in the certain supply channels. The aim of our research was to determine the development opportunities of the market places and their place in the consumers’ preferences, promising interesting results in relation to the consumer standards of the Hungarian and international demand. We detected three major directions in our researches: the linking of the place with a product, the market as a programme and rural development-gastronomy directions. The present study aims to reveal the rural development direction: the market place forms a space to the sales of the quality, locally produced foodstuff motivating more and more people to create a more near-natural lifestyle.

Open access
Research Article. The Prevalence of Dysphotopsia in Patients with Recent Cataract Surgery

Abstract

Pseudophakic dysphotopsia are becoming increasingly important as unwanted side effect after cataract surgery. Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare the photic symptoms experienced by patients after cataract surgery. Material and method: This is a prospective study that included 105 eyes from 99 patients, which underwent uncomplicated phacoemulsification and IOL implantation, between June 2015 and June 2016, performed at Ophthalmology Clinic Tg Mureș. Patients without visually consequential ocular co-morbidity completed a questionnaire, designed to assess subjectively perceived visual functioning and identify symptoms of dysphotopsia. Results: From the total number of patient, hydrophobic lenses were implanted in 95 patients and 10 patients received hydrophilic lenses. Photic effects were reported in 18% of treated eyes. Although the percentage of dysphotopsia is higher in the hydrophobic lenses category, there was no significant statistical difference between the two categories. Conclusion: The incidence and significance should not be overlooked, thus visual acuity is not enough for evaluating postoperative visual function.

Open access
Plasma Actin, Gelsolin and Orosomucoid Levels after Eccentric Exercise

Abstract

The present study investigated the acute effect of eccentric exercise on blood plasma actin, gelsolin (GSN) and orosomucoid (AGP) levels in untrained and moderately trained individuals, and their correlation with exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD) markers (CK, intensity of muscle soreness and maximal voluntary contraction torque deficit). Healthy physical education students (6 untrained, 12 moderately trained) participated in this research. Actin, GSN, AGP and CK levels were measured in blood plasma at baseline, immediately, 1 h, 6 h and 24 h post-exercise comprising 90 eccentric quadriceps contractions performed on a dynamometer. There was significant time main effect for GSN, AGP, CK and significant difference was found between baseline and the lowest value of post-exercise GSN (p < 0.05), as well as baseline and the highest value of post-exercise AGP (p < 0.05). Relationships were found between GSN levels and other indirect EIMD markers (between all GSN levels at post-exercise and CK activity at 6 h, p < 0.05; GSNMIN and muscle soreness at post-exercise, p < 0.04), GSN and AGP; however, actin did not correlate at any time points with GSN. Actin, GSN, AGP and CK responses after eccentric exercise do not seem sensitive to training status. The plasma actin level is used as an indicator of injury, however, our results suggest that it is not an accurate marker of EIMD, while plasma GSN concentrations show a better relationship with EIMD and the post-exercise inflammatory process. The elevated plasma AGP and the correlation between GSN and AGP seem to be promising for assessment of exercise-induced muscle injury.

Open access
Louse (Insecta: Phthiraptera) infestations of the Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis) and the Red-footed Falcon

Abstract

Little is known about the louse species harboured by Red-footed and Amur Falcons despite the fact that various life-history traits of these hosts make them good model species to study host-parasite interactions. We collected lice samples from fully grown Amur (n=20) and Red-footed Falcons (n=59), and from nestlings of Red-footed Falcons (n=179) in four countries: Hungary, India, Italy and South Africa. We identified 3 louse species on both host species, namely Degeeriella rufa, Colpocephalum subzerafae and Laembothrion tinnunculi. The latter species has never been found on these hosts. Comparing population parameters of lice between hosts we found significantly higher prevalence levels of D. rufa and C. subzerafae on Amur Falcons. Adult Red-footed Falcons had higher D. rufa prevalence compared to C. subzerafae. For the first time we also show inter-annual shift in prevalence and intensity levels of these species on Red-footed Falcons; in 2012 on adult hosts C. subzerafae had higher intensity levels than D. rufa, however in 2014 D. rufa had significantly higher intensity compared to C. subzerafae. In case of nestlings both louse species had significantly higher preva lence levels than in 2014. The exact causes of such inter-annual shifts are yet to be understood.

Open access
The Effect of Atmospheric Electromagnetic Radiation on an Opened System

Abstract

In opened systems with liquid-phase (for example open-source bioreactors for various purposes) very significant temperature can be generated. The operation of the system can be impaired, possibly completely inhibited (too low, too high temperature values). The analytic description of the operation’s heat flow is needed to achieve the optimized operation and to block the thermodynamic inhibition. The aim is to examine the inner system opportunities and the auxiliary energy. The estimates values quantify the effects of atmospheric electromagnetic radiation on opened systems. Based on the developed model by increasing the complexity of the method, it is appropriate to describe the heat flow of opened systems and to explore the energy integration possibilities.

Open access
High hydrostatic pressure: Can we trust published data?

Abstract

There are numerous new technologies whose implementation in food industry is hampered by the fact that people hesitate to invest in expensive systems which they cannot be sure will work or at least are questionable in terms of a given product. Until recently, preservation by HHP, high hydrostatic pressure, was such a technology, and still is today in some branches of the food industry. Investigations were conducted to answer the question of whether the literature, the laboratory, and the industrial (or at least pilot plant) measurements and results agree with one another. We compared the literature data with two HHP systems which were significantly different in terms of treatment capacity, but their efficiency in killing microbes was studied under the same treatment parameters. Our results show that in nearly all cases only minimal differences exist between the data in the literature and the measurements taken on the two appliances.

Open access