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Open access

Zhiwei Zhang and Libing Zhou

Abstract

Various electric machines can be the candidate for electric vehicles applications, including induction machines, permanent magnet synchronous machines, switched reluctance machines, etc. Another class of machine, which has been relatively ignored, is synchronous reluctance machines. In order to enhance and increase torque density of pure synchronous reluctance machines, the low cost permanent magnet can be inserted into rotor lamination to contribute torque production, which is so-called permanent magnet-assisted synchronous reluctance machines. This paper presents the design and rotor geometry analysis of low cost ferrite permanent magnet-assisted synchronous reluctance machines with transversally-laminated rotor. The advanced finite element method will be employed to calculate d-axis and q-axis inductance variation with rotor geometric parameters. The electromagnetic performance of optimized permanent magnet-assisted synchronous reluctance machines will be evaluated as well.

Open access

Yang Shen, Weijian Mi and Zhiwei Zhang

Abstract

This article proposes a method of locating and recognizing lockholes in shipping container corner castings. This method converts the original image of the containers captured by a camera into the HSV (Hue, Saturation, Value) color space. To reduce the influence of the surface color of the containers and lights from the environment on the locating and recognizing algorithm, most noisy points of the image are filtered by binarization and a morphology opening operation to make the features of the containers clearer in the image. Thus, the container body can be separated from the total image. Then, the position and size of the corner castings are defined through calculation based on the international standard of the shipping container size. Lastly, by using this method, we can locate the corner casting in the image by using the General Hough Transform fitting algorithm onto ellipses.

Open access

Chao Mi, Zhiwei Zhang, Xin He, Youfang Huang and Weijian Mi

Abstract

With the development of automation in ports, the video surveillance systems with automated human detection begun to be applied in open-air handling operation areas for safety and security. The accuracy of traditional human detection based on the video camera is not high enough to meet the requirements of operation surveillance. One of the key reasons is that Histograms of Oriented Gradients (HOG) features of the human body will show great different between front & back standing (F&B) and side standing (Side) human body. Therefore, the final training for classifier will only gain a few useful specific features which have contribution to classification and are insufficient to support effective classification, while using the HOG features directly extracted by the samples from different human postures. This paper proposes a two-stage classification method to improve the accuracy of human detection. In the first stage, during preprocessing classification, images is mainly divided into possible F&B human body and not F&B human body, and then they were put into the second-stage classification among side human and non-human recognition. The experimental results in Tianjin port show that the two-stage classifier can improve the classification accuracy of human detection obviously.

Open access

Zhiwei Huang, Lianqiu Wang, Lifeng Chen, Yifei Zhang and Ping Shi

Abstract

Clioquinol has been shown to have anticancer activity in several carcinoma cells. In this study, we preliminarily examined the effect of clioquinol in human SMMC-7721 hepatoma and QSG-7701 normal hepatic cells. Our results indicated that clioquinol did not significantly affect survival of QSG-7701 cells, whereas it reduced cell viability in a concentration- and time-dependent manner in SMMC-7721 cells. Clioquinol did not trigger autophagy and apoptosis, while it induced cell cycle arrest in the S-phase in SMMC- 7721 cells. Additionally, down-regulation of cyclin D1, A2, E1, Cdk2 and up-regulation of p21, p27 were detected after the treatment with clioquinol. The results demonstrated for the first time that clioquinol suppressed cell cycle progression in the S-phase in SMMC-7721 cells via the p21, p27-cyclin E,A/Cdk2 pathway. This suggests that clioquinol may have a therapeutic potential as an anticancer drug for certain malignances.

Open access

Weikai He, Jianxiong Feng, Li Gao, Zhiwei Zhang and Hongwang Lu

Abstract

The Aselliscus Stoliczkanus bat, studied here, has intricately shaped structures surrounding the nostrils. These structures are hypothesised to have influence on animals’ acoustic radiation patterns. Using micro-tomography scanning technique, a 3D digital model of the noseleaf is reconstructed and biosonar beam pattern is analysed using a finite element method based on the 3D noseleaf model. The present research focuses on the conspicuous furrows in noseleaf, and our analysis allows to conclude the followings: a) structural details in noseleaf of Aselliscus Stoliczkanus bat can produce acoustic effects even if it is not adjacent to the nostrils, b) the furrows possess frequency-selective characteristics, c) the furrows have the function to manipulate the direction and width of the outgoing ultrasound wave.

Open access

Lei Zhang, Zhiwei Ye, Jun Tang, Dingyi Hao and Cun Zhang

Abstract

As a kind of associated geological gas, coalbed methane (CBM) is mainly adsorbed in the coal seam. The coal-methane adsorption phenomenon can be described by Langmuir monolayer adsorptio n model, BET multilayer adsorption model and the Theory of Volume Filling of Micropore (TVFM), whereas the binary gas adsorption phenomenon can be described by the extended Langmuir Model. For the CBM in the low permeability coal seam, the amount of gas released by direct drainage is relatively limited, which cannot eliminate the gas explosion and outburst hazards. Gas injection is an effective method to promote methane drainage. In this paper, the free desorption and nitrogen injection displacement experiments are comparatively analyzed, which allows verifying the effectiveness of nitrogen injection’s enhancement to gas drainage. The experiment of injecting nitrogen gas into the coal body shows that the coal fracture can be maintained or expanded by the injected gas pressure so that more methane can be released. The nitrogen injection has a higher time efficiency than that of free desorption as well. The displacement ratio of N2/CH4 is in the range of 1-3. Both the injection pressure and confining pressure affect the displacement ratio. The analysis of the desorbed gas components shows that the relationship between the methane component and gas flooding time is an “inverted S” shape curve, and the appropriate time for the methane collection can be inferred by the time interval of the rapid decline of the curve.