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  • Author: Zhao Xue x
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Knockdown of stat3 expression by RNAi inhibits in vitro growth of human ovarian cancer

Background. The aim of the study was to investigate the suppressive effects of pSilencer2.1-U6-siRNA-stat3 recombinant plasmids on the growth of ovarian cancer in vitro.

Material and methods. Three pairs of DNA template (stat3-1, stat3-2, stat3-3) specific for different target sites on stat3 mRNA were synthesized to reconstruct pSilencer2.1-U6-siRNA-stat3s, which were transfected into SKOV3 cells. The expressions of STAT3, BcL-2, cyclin D1 and C-myc in these cells were detected by Western blot and Northern blot. The cell cycle and the growth were determined by flow cytometry (FCM) and MTT assay, respectively. Cell apoptosis was determined by TUNEL staining.

Results. Of the three siRNAs, only siRNA targeting stat3-3 markedly suppressed the protein expression of stat3 in SKOV3 cells; MTT assay and FCM showed that transfection of stat3-3 siRNA could significantly suppress the growth of SKOV3 cells and arrest the cell cycle in vitro. TUNEL staining also showed massive apoptosis in SKOV3 cells transfected with stat3-3 siRNA.

Conclusions. pSilencer2.1-U6-siRNA-stat3-3 can significantly inhibit the STAT3 expression in human ovarian cancer cells resulting in the inhibition of the cancer growth and the increase of apoptosis of cancer cells.

Abstract

Au-modified ZnO (Au/ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized using bamboo cellulose template and calcination process were characterized using X-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The gas-sensing performance of Au/ZnO NPs based sensors was also examined. The results indicated that the Au/ZnO NPs exhibited enhanced gas-sensing performance compared with that of pure ZnO. The response of the Au/ZnO NPs to 100 ppm ethanol (50) at 240 °C was nearly 2.7 times higher than that to acetone (18.4) and approximately 12.5 times higher than that to benzene (4.1), carbon monoxide (1.6), hydrogen (1.6), and methane (1.8), respectively, which demonstrated their higher selectivity to ethanol versus other gases. This high response to ethanol could be attributed to the small size, Schottky barrier, and catalysis.

Abstract

The electronic structure and magnetic properties of Heusler alloys (Ni2FeIn) have been studied by first principle calculations. The possible tetragonal martensitic transformation has been predicted and the structure optimization was made on cubic austenitic Ni2FeIn in Cu2MnAl type. The equilibrium lattice constant of austenitic Ni2FeIn is 6.03 Å. In tetragonal phase, the global energy minimum occurs at c/a = 1.29. The corresponding equilibrium lattice constants for martensite Ni2FeIn are a = b = 5.5393 Å and c = 7.1457 Å, respectively. In the austenitic phase, E F is located at the peak in the minority DOS for c/a = 0.96 to 1.20, but in the martensitic phase, E F moves to the bottom of the valley in the minority DOS, reducing the value of N(E F) effectively. Both austenitic and martensitic phases are ferromagnetic and the Ni and Fe partial moments contribute mainly to the total moments. Therefore, the martensitic transformation behavior in Ni2FeIn is predicted.

Abstract

For a given graph G = (V (G), E(G)), a proper total coloring ϕ: V (G) ∪ E(G) → {1, 2, . . . , k} is neighbor sum distinguishing if f(u) ≠ f(v) for each edge uvE(G), where f(v) = ΣuvE(G) ϕ(uv)+ϕ(v), vV (G). The smallest integer k in such a coloring of G is the neighbor sum distinguishing total chromatic number, denoted by χΣ(G) . Pilśniak and Woźniak first introduced this coloring and conjectured that χΣ(G)Δ(G)+3 for any graph with maximum degree Δ(G). In this paper, by using the discharging method, we prove that for any planar graph G without 5-cycles, χΣ(G)max{Δ(G)+2,10} . The bound Δ(G) + 2 is sharp. Furthermore, we get the exact value of χΣ(G) if Δ(G) ≥ 9.

Abstract

TThe length-weight relationships (LWRs) were determined for five freshwater fish species collected from Liangzi Lake, the Xi River and Longxi River in China, including Megalobrama amblycephala, Megalobrama skolkovii, Megalobrama pellegrini and Megalobrama terminalis belonging to the genus Megalobrama, as well as white Amur bream (Parabramis pekinensis) of the genus Parabramis. Three of these five species had no previous LWR estimates in the FishBase. The LWRs of hybrids from Megalobrama amblycephala ♀ × Parabramis pekinensis ♂ and Megalobrama amblycephala ♀ × Megalobrama terminalis ♂ were also reported for the first time.

Abstract

Tubing adapter is a key connection device in Gas-Tight Deep-Sea Water Sampler (GTWS). The sealing performance of the tubing adapter directly affects the GTWS’s overall gas tightness. Tubing adapters with good sealing performance can ensure the transmission of seawater samples without gas leakage and can be repeatedly used. However, the sealing performance of tubing adapters made of different materials was not studied sufficiently. With the research discussed in this paper, the materials match schemes of the tubing adapters were proposed. With non-linear finite element contact analysis and sea trials in the South China Sea, it is expected that the recommended materials match schemes not only meet the requirements of tubing adapters' sealing performance but also provide the feasible options for the following research on tubing adapters in GTWS

Abstract

Objective: The objective was to increase the understanding of vascular access in hemodialysis and evaluate hemodialysis-related anticoagulation treatments and the associated hemorrhagic or thrombotic complications. Materials and Methods: In this study, an epidemiological investigation was conducted in 1175 patients who underwent hemodialysis in seven blood purification centers in northern Chinese. The patients were divided into two groups based on the vascular access they used: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) group and central venous catheter (CVC) group. The similarities and differences of anticoagulation and hemorrhagic, thrombotic complications were compared between two groups. Results: Arteriovenous fistula was the most frequently used vascular access, and heparin was the most commonly used anticoagulant. Patients in CVC group experienced significantly greater rates of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) administration and had a higher rate in achieving thrombotic complications than those in AVF group. There were no significant differences in LMWH dosages in patients with thrombotic complications, as well as the proportion of patients who received anti-platelet drugs. Heparinized catheter lock solutions were excessively high in this study, which may lead to a risk of hemorrhage. Conclusion: Hemodialysis-related anticoagulation treatments in China require additional improvements, especially for the patients using CVC as vascular access. There is an urgent need to develop clinical evaluation studies of anticoagulation treatments for achieving more standardized and targeted treatments.

Abstract

Five pathogen-free miniature pigs (minipigs) were infected with the virulent strain SH08 of Streptococcus suis 2 (SS2) by intramuscular injection. The pigs died consecutively within 72 h after the challenge. An additional five non-infected pigs were euthanised and used as controls. Microstructural observations showed that degeneration, bleeding, congestion, cellular necrosis, and an increase in inflammatory cells were present in all organs and tissues except the brain. Ultrastructural observations revealed mitochondrial vacuolation and malformed or missing cristae, indicating that infection of minipigs with strain SH08 of SS2 can lead to extensive lesions in major internal organs and tissues. The findings also demonstrated that the minipig is a useful model for the study of SS2 infection.