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Open access

Yilmaz Rahsan, Yumusak Nihat, Yilmaz Bestami, Ayan Adnan and Aysul Nuran


Introduction: This study consisted in histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations of the central nervous system of 15 sheep suspected of infection with Coenurus cerebralis. The sheep displayed compulsive circling and were submitted for necropsy in 2012–2016.

Material and Methods: Species identification was made on the basis of the PCR analysis and parasitological examination of the cysts.

Results: Coenurus cerebralis cysts were detected only in the cerebral tissue of 13 sheep and in the cerebral and cerebellar tissues of 2 animals. Out of the 33 parasite cysts, most (21.21%) were located in the right and left frontal lobes of the cerebrum. The largest cyst measured 6 × 5 cm and the smallest cyst was 2 × 2 cm in size. The highest and lowest numbers of scolices were 55 and 21, and the number of rostellar hooks ranged between 22 and 30. Histopathological examination revealed the presence of typical parasitic granulomatous inflammatory foci. Immunohistochemical staining showed that most common in the periphery of the parasite cysts were, in descending order by cell number, GFAP, CD163, CD3, and CD79α-positive cells.

Conclusion: The study confirms the role of cellular defence mechanisms in the pathogenesis of Coenurus cerebralis infection in sheep.

Open access

Cigdem Cebi Sen, Nihat Yumusak, Hasan Ikbal Atilgan, Murat Sadic, Gokhan Koca and Meliha Korkmaz


Introduction: Radioactive iodine (RAI) is commonly used for the treatment of hyperthyroidism caused by Graves’ disease or thyroid nodules. However, information available on the impact of RAI therapy on male gonadal function is scarce. This study aimed to determine any possible damage to testicular tissue and sperm quality caused by RAI therapy, and the radioprotective effect of amifostine against such damage.

Material and Methods: In total, 36 rats were randomly allocated to three groups, including a control group, RAI group (111 MBq Iodine-131), and RAI + amifostine group (111 MBq Iodine-131 and a single dose of 200 mg/kg amifostine). Blood and epididymal sperm samples were taken for hormone analyses and the evaluation of spermatological parameters. The TUNEL assay and haematoxylin-eosin were used to stain testicular tissue samples to detect histological changes and apoptosis.

Results: The groups differed insignificantly for the testicular mass index and spermatozoa concentration. However, spermatozoa motility and percentage of viable spermatozoa were higher in the RAI + amifostine group, compared to the RAI group. Sperm DNA fragmentation and the index of apoptotic germ cells significantly decreased in the amifostine group, in comparison to the radioiodine group. While the testosterone levels showed no significant change, the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels significantly decreased in the RAI + amifostine group.

Conclusion: All histopathological parameters and some spermatological parameters showed that RAI therapy caused statistically significant damage of testicular tissue and this damage was reduced by amifostine.

Open access

Ekrem Ç. Çolakoğlu, Kazım Börkü, Ali E. Haydardedeoğlu, Hadi Alihosseini, Oytun O. Şenel, Nihat Yumuşak, Doğukan Özen, Bülent Baş and Levent Uğurlu


Introduction: Chronic gastritis is a common diagnosis in dogs with signs of chronic vomiting. However, there is no data concerning endoscopic and histopathological agreement in dogs with chronic gastritis. Thus, a question should be raised whether taking gastroduodenal biopsies in dogs with chronic gastritis is necessary or not. Consequently, the purpose of the study was to compare the endoscopic and histopathological agreement in dogs with chronic gastritis. Material and Methods: A total of 22 non-pregnant client-owned dogs with the signs of chronic gastritis were enrolled in this prospective study. Procedures including clinical examination, blood analysis, and diagnostic imaging were performed before anaesthesia. Biopsies obtained from gastroduodenal sites were histopathologically evaluated. A total of 110 gastroduodenal samples were examined. Results: Sixtyeight samples had abnormal histopathology and endoscopy while 11 showed normal histopathological and endoscopic evidence. Conclusion: The obtained data demonstrated that it is not necessary to take extra gastroduodenal biopsies in dogs with evidence of endoscopic gastroduodenitis. We also believe that further prospective studies, including cost and time effectiveness and more specific comparison between endoscopic appearance and histopathology, are necessary to make final recommendations regarding the need of using both procedures for definitive diagnosis.