This article presented results of impact corrosion on reinforce concrete beams during time with previous loading. Before testing the RC beams were loaded by 37% and 75% from bearing-capacity load of undamaged corrosion beams. There were tested two types of beams. First type beams were tested under force loading action and second type beams were tested under force loading and corrosion action. As an aggressive environment were used the 10% solution of sulfuric acid H2SO4. Such environment takes place in separate chemical manufactures, galvanic workshops, flue pipes of thermal power plants. The results of experimental studies have established that the effect of the aggressive environment with simultaneous loading significantly impairs the stress-strain state of reinforced concrete beams. Bearing capacity due to the yielding of reinforcement bars for specimens with the simultaneous action of aggressive environment and previous loading of 37% and 75% takes place on 51…53 and 58…60 days. The destruction of these specimens, by crushing compressive concrete, at previous loading 37% occurred after 75…79 and at previous loading 75% - after 79…88 days. The history loading does not impact significantly on beams failure, on finite deflections and timing exhaustion bearing capacity since the start of the simultaneous action of aggressive environment and loading.
In this article presented results of researching corrosion of steel bars in aggressive environment in time under loading. For researching were used special equipment. The experience and research works shown that steel bars in the crack cross-section area can be corrode. With increasing width of crack in re-bars and power of aggressive of environment increased the level of corrosion and decreased time of progress. The level of danger of corrosion in the crack in depend of specialty of steel bars. It is geometry parameters of steel bars and characteristic of corrosive behaviour. The general tendency of the influence of various defects on the strength of steels is widely studied experimentally and theoretically only for geometrically correct stress concentrators. For damages that are irregular in shape, such as corrosion ulcers, significantly less researching in each case must experiment to find their effect on the mechanical properties of steels. In this work the influence of simultaneous action of the aggressive environment and loading on strength of steel re-bars has been described.
The use of computers provides the opportunity to analyse and design complex structures, taking into account the geometric and physical nonlinearity of construction materials. In the article the study of stress-strain state of mixed steel-concrete beams, were presented. The results of this study showed that the method of calculation according to designe codes gave satisfactorily results of calculated strength compared with experiments. However, these methodes do not provide complete information of structural performance at all levels of load. For a more complete study of the stress-strain state and the physical nature of the processes occurring in steel-concrete structures reinforced with a mixed reinforcement, the calculation method using “Lira” software complex is proposed. The method of calculation is based on the finite element method. The calculation is made taking into account physical nonlinearity and real diagrams of σ-ε of materials using the nonlinear deformation law №14 of “Lira” software complex. The proposed method of calculation allows to determine the values of bearing capacity, the development of deformations and the beginning of crack formation, as well as stresses at all load levels.