Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 86 items for

  • Author: Yang Wang x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

Changsong Yang and Qi Wang

Abstract

Large errors of low-cost MEMS inertial measurement unit (MIMU) lead to huge navigation errors, even wrong navigation information. An integrated navigation system for unmanned vessel is proposed. It consists of a low-cost MIMU and Doppler velocity sonar (DVS). This paper presents an integrated navigation method, to improve the performance of navigation system. The integrated navigation system is tested using simulation and semi-physical simulation experiments, whose results show that attitude, velocity and position accuracy has improved awfully, giving exactly accurate navigation results. By means of the combination of low-cost MIMU and DVS, the proposed system is able to overcome fast drift problems of the low cost IMU.

Open access

Yang Wang

Abstract

The traditional clustering algorithm of Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) does not care about the residual energy of the cluster heads and the distance relationship of each node in the wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Each new round the cluster head is changed without any concern about the residual energy of the current cluster head, and the nodes join into a new cluster head without concern about the distance factor and the residual energy factor of all nodes in WSNs. To solve these problems in LEACH, this paper puts forward a distributed energy balance clustering algorithm, which takes into full consideration the residual energy of the cluster heads and the distance relationship between the base station and the cluster heads. The experimental results indicate that the proposed distributed energy balance clustering algorithm can prolong the lifetime of the networks more than LEACH, and the number of messages for selecting a new cluster head at the same time can be greatly reduced, which proves it as more suitable for practical applications.

Open access

Hongxia Wang, Xue-Xue Kang and Yang Yu

Abstract

Since the traditional computer vision ranging algorithm is imperfect in pertinence and precision, night time monocular vision pedestrian ranging method is proposed for vehicular infrared night vision goggles. Firstly, the method calibrated the internal and external parameters of infrared night-vision goggles, then, it corrected distortion of collected Vehicular Infrared Night Vision Image, and finally it ranged objective pedestrians by using night time monocular vision pedestrian ranging algorithm. The experimental results show that this method has the characteristics of pertinence, high precision and good real-time, and has good practicability.

Open access

Zhipin Ai, Yonghui Yang, Qinxue Wang, Shumin Han, Yanmin Yang, Quan Wang and Guoyu Qiu

Abstract

Widely used in croplands, plastic mulch can significantly change land surface properties and energy partitioning. However, the magnitude of these modifications caused by plastic mulch (and its variations) on leaf area index remain largely unclear. Field experiments were, therefore, conducted to analyse the differences in energy partitioning between plastic mulch and non-plastic mulch conditions in cotton fields in arid Tarim Basin. Each component net radiation, surface soil heat flux, sensible heat and latent heat was either measured or estimated at different growth stages of the cotton crop. Results showed that the effects of plastic mulch on field energy partitioning was most evident when leaf area index was less than 1.0. During this period, net radiation decreased mainly due to the increase of surface reflectance. Surface soil heat flux and sensible heat were also increased due to the increase of surface temperature. Finally, latent heat decreased after plastic mulch application. As over 20% of net radiation was allocated to the soil surface under plastic mulch at the seedling stage, this suggests that surface soil heat flux should not be ignored for evaluating surface energy balance at the seedling stage under plastic mulch conditions.

Open access

Jianshe Yang, Wenjian Li, Xigang Jing, Zhuanzi Wang and Qingxiang Gao

A method on theoretical simulation of chromosome breaks in cells exposed to heavy ions

Background. The aim of this study is to assess an easy and quick method on simulating chromosome breaks in cells exposed to heavy charged particles.

Methods. The theoretical value of chromosome break was calculated, and the validated comparison with the experimental value by using a premature chromosome condensation technique was done.

Results. A good consistence was found to be appeared between the theoretical and experimental value.

Conclusions. This suggested that a higher relative biological effectiveness of heavy ions was closely correlated with its physical characteristics and besides, a safe approach on predicting chromosome breaks in cells exposed to heavy ions at off-line environment come to be considered. Furthermore, three key factors influencing the theoretical simulation was investigated and discussed.