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Open access

Yongming He, Yuan Wang, Yingwu Chen and Lining Xing

Abstract

Satellite hardware has reached a level of development that enables imaging satellites to realize applications in the area of meteorology and environmental monitoring. As the requirements in terms of feasibility and the actual profit achieved by satellite applications increase, we need to comprehensively consider the actual status, constraints, unpredictable information, and complicated requirements. The management of this complex information and the allocation of satellite resources to realize image acquisition have become essential for enhancing the efficiency of satellite instrumentation. In view of this, we designed a satellite auto mission planning system, which includes two sub-systems: the imaging satellite itself and the ground base, and these systems would then collaborate to process complicated missions: the satellite mainly focuses on mission planning and functions according to actual parameters, whereas the ground base provides auxiliary information, management, and control. Based on the requirements analysis, we have devised the application scenarios, main module, and key techniques. Comparison of the simulation results of the system, confirmed the feasibility and optimization efficiency of the system framework, which also stimulates new thinking for the method of monitoring environment and design of mission planning systems.

Open access

Muyao Zhang, Xing Wei and Zhenfei Wang

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common malignancy worldwide and the third most common cause of death from cancer, after lung and stomach cancer. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is closely related to HCC and is a major cause of HCC. HBV is a lysogenic virus of the hepadnavirus family. Its genome presents a slack, ring-like, double-chain structure, containing four open reading frames. The X region encodes the product HBV X protein (HBx), which is a multifunctional regulatory protein that plays an important role in intracellular signal transduction, viral genome replication and transcription, cell proliferation and apoptosis, cell cycle progression, protein degradation, and genetic stability of hepatocytes. This article summarizes the recent research on the mechanism of promotion of initiation and progression of HCC by HBx protein.

Open access

Feng Li, Hao Qin, Xing Zhi, Wang Zhenfei and Wang Ziwei

Abstract

Objective

The objective of this study was to discuss the effect of double perfusion cannula accompanied with low negative pressure drainage in the treatment of complexity of abdominopelvic and perineal infections.

Methods

The technology of the double perfusion cannula accompanied with low negative pressure drainage was used to treat complexity of abdominopelvic and perineal infections.

Results

Double perfusion cannula accompanied with low negative pressure drainage can be applied to the treatment of complexity of abdominopelvic and perineal infections. It has an obvious effect on infection control and reduces recovery time.

Conclusion

Double perfusion cannula accompanied with low negative pressure drainage has a good effect on complexity of abdominopelvic and perineal infections; it can be used in wider surgical fields to prevent infections.

Open access

Sang Jianbing, Xing Sufang, Wang Ling, Wang Jingyuan and Zhou Jing

Abstract

Rubber membranes exhibit a particular nonlinear elastic behaviour known as hyper elasticity. Analysis has been proposed by utilizing the modified strain energy function from Gao’s constitutive model, in order to reveal the mechanical property of rubber membrane containing circular rigid inclusion. Rubber membrane is taken into incompressible materials under axisymmetric stretch, based on finite deformations theory. Stress distribution of different constitutive parameters has been analyzed by deducing the basic governing equation. The effects on membrane deformation by different parameters and the failure reasons of rubber membrane have been discussed, which provides reasonable reference for the design of rubber membrane.

Open access

Liang Guo, Jun Guan, Mingqing Xing, Zhengzhong Wang, Fangjie Hou, Conghui Xing and Yuping Lei

Abstract

Background: Doxorubicin has been widely used to treat many cancers. It also induces cumulative and delayed cardiomyopathy. New biological markers to predict cardiac toxicity is needed.

Objectives: We identified novel markers and potential therapeutic targets of doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiac toxicity by proteomics approach.

Methods: The protein profiling of H9c2 cells in response to DOX at an apoptosis-induced concentration (0.5⃞M) were compared by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry.

Results: A total of nine differently expressed proteins were identified including six up-regulated and three downregulated proteins. We further confirmed the expression of two down-regulated proteins, prohibitin and endoplasmic reticulum protein ERp29 (ERp29), decreased in response to DOX induction by Western-blot, and over-expression of ERp29 also partially recovered the MTT reduction.

Conclusion: We first identified ERp29 and prohibitin as novel markers for DOX toxicity, and ERp29 might be a candidate target to develop novel therapeutic strategies to alleviate adverse effects of doxorubicin-based chemotherapies.

Open access

Bin Zhang, Wen-hui Lun, Xing-wang Li, Qi Wang, Jun Cheng and Yu Mao

Abstract

Objective To construct prokaryotic expression vector of CFP-10 gene, and obtain recombinant protein, and the recombinant CFP-10 protein was taken as stimulus to detect specific T cell responses, to set up a method to faciliate to detect potential TB infection in China.

Methods CFP-10 was cloned into inducible prokaryotic expression vector pET-32a (+) and transfected into E. coli BL21 (DE3). After IPTG induction, the product were verified with sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blot hybridization were carried out to verify the antigenicity; the recombinant CFP-10 protein was taken as stimulus to detect specific T cell responses in HIV (+) persons with or without clinical manifestation of TB diseases, and HIV (-) controls with or without TB diseases.

Results The CFP-10 recombinant protein exsited in the form of inclusion body and accounted for 94% in total bacterial protein of E. coli and the molecular weight is 31 kD; Western blot confirmed the recombinant proteins had high antigenicity; our in-house ELISpot-IFN-γ assay with recombinant antigen derived from CFP-10 proteins showed significant higher frequencies in TB patients with or without HIV infection than that in the healthy controls and only HIV (+) group.

Conclusions The recombinant CFP-10 genes can be expressed successfully in prokaryotic expression system of E. coli and recombinant proteins with high antigenicity were obtained, which will set foundation for further study on their immunogenicity and bioinformatics. Our results proved that it is indeed true that some HIV positive patient have high frequencies of TB specific T cell responses, which maybe a clue to find latent TB infection in this population.

Open access

Sanxiu Wang, Kexin Xing and Zhengchu Wang

Abstract

In this paper an adaptive fuzzy H∞ robust tracking control scheme is developed for a class of uncertain nonlinear Multi-Input and Multi-Output (MIMO) systems. Firstly, fuzzy logic systems are introduced to approximate the unknown nonlinear function of the system by an adaptive algorithm. Next, a H∞ robust compensator controller is employed to eliminate the effect of the approximation error and external disturbances. Consequently, a fuzzy adaptive robust controller is proposed, such that the tracking error of the resulting closed-loop system converges to zero and the tracking robustness performance can be guaranteed. The simulation results performed on a two-link robotic manipulator demonstrate the validity of the proposed control scheme.

Open access

Xue Meng, Yue Sun, Hong-yan Gu, Hong-shan Wei and Xing-wang Li

Abstract

Objective To clone, express and purify C12orf49 recombinant protein. To prepare rabbit anti-C12orf49 protein polyclonal antibody in order to further elucidate its biological function.

Methods PCR was used to amplify the gene C12orf49 in vitro. pET-32a (+)-C12orf49, the recombinant protein prokaryotic expression vector, was transformed into E. coli. IPTG was used as the inductive agent to obtain C12orf49 recombinant protein, and the recombinant protein was analyzed with sodium dodecyl sulfatepolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blot. Specific polyclonal antibody was derived from rabbits that immunized by recombinant protein. ELISA and Western blot were used to test its titer and specificity, respectively. MTT cell proliferation experiment was carried out to observe effect of the protein on proliferation of HepG2 cells.

Results The C12orf49 recombinant protein was expressed in a large quantity. Data of ELISA indicated that the titer of polyclonal antibody was higher than 1:1 280 000. And the antibody also had a good specificity, confirmed by Western blot. C12orf49 recombinant protein may had a advanced effect on the proliferation of HepG2 cells.

Conclusions Using C12orf49 recombinant protein, we can obtain the polyclonal antibody with great titer and good specificity. Human novel gene C12orf49 encoded protein could promote the proliferation of HepG2 cells.