Xiao-fei Cui, Ya-dong Wang, Guang-ri Quan and Yong-dong Xu
Peng-Fei Han, Zhi-Liang Zhang, Tao-Yu Chen, Rui-Peng Zhao, Rong Zhang, Xiao-Dong Li, Peng-Cui Li, Lei Wei, Zhi Lv and Xiao-Chun Wei
The main pathological change in post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is cartilage degeneration, which is closely related to inflammation and oxidative stress. Inflammation can cause degeneration of articular cartilage. Cartilage degeneration can also stimulate the progression of inflammation. It has been found that inflammatory cytokines can participate in the pathological process of cartilage degeneration through multiple signaling pathways, mainly mitogen-activated protein kinase, nuclear transcription factor kappa B, and Wnt–β-catenin signal transduction pathways. This review aimed at exploring the relationship between PTOA and inflammation-related cytokines by introducing the role of proinflammatory cytokines in chondrocyte destruction and extracellular matrix degradation.