Machine failures in each production system cause an increase in costs and delays in order execution. Therefore, companies decide to introduce solutions that detect and immediately remove worrying symptoms before more serious consequences occur. Unfortunately, not all failures can be avoided – in such cases, the most important thing is the quick reaction of machine operators, maintenance and production managers. This paper identifies reliability indicators and presents the steps and effects of implementing selected KPIs (Key Performance Indicators), which aim at the production process. For the machines in which a failure occurred in the surveyed period, technical availability, Mean Times Between Failures (MTBF), Mean Down Time (MDT), technical object readiness, and the downtime coefficient were calculated.
The article deals with the formation and spread of cracks from thermal fatigue in metallic forms. For a detailed examination of the problem, it is necessary to describe the thermal side of the process and the mechanism of mechanical stressing of the material. For the heating of the material is valid where the thermal diffusivity of the material is exercised by the decision method. The stress of the material by heating from the die casting metal depends mainly on the physical properties of the material when the calculated stress does not exceed the yield point. Also, with the help of dislocations write the life to the origin of the cracks in the cycles eventually the share of this lifetime on the total lifetime in dependence on the mechanical and physical properties of the material. During operation tests the occurrence of the cracks on the mold surface was initiated by the inclusion or concentration of stress in the knurling effect of fine grooves after grinding. Other cracks occurred in the undersurface layer and their direction was statistically accidental.
Smart specialisations, a new branch of economy/science constituting a new, prospective economical specialisation. It mainly consists in utilising the unique natural resources of a region, connecting various branches, using innovative technological solutions. To successfully increase their research and development potential, enterprises employ funds from the European Union. This article presents a way of successfully utilising EU funds to increase the research and development potential of an enterprise with the example of an automotive company. The authors argue that smart specializations and research and development are important factors of the success of agricultural enterprises as well. The article makes an attempt at analysing the factors which affect the growth of research and development capital of a company and the way in which goals can be achieved. For production companies providing highly processed products (and such companies are also from the agricultural sector) innovation is closely linked to research and development activities. This research and development activity is directed mainly for innovative products, processes, technologies.
The main task of the maintenance services in hard coal mines is to ensure continuous operation of the equipment (machines). The measurable effect of these actions should be the reduction of maintenance costs of equipment (machinery) and thus the reduction of production costs – coal mining. The paper presents an issue of failure rate of technical measures applied in the mining process. In order to ensure greater efficiency and productivity, it is necessary to find the causes of the most frequent failures in this process and effectively counteract them. As a result of these activities, the production availability of machines/equipment involved in the mining process will increase. This will to a large extent ensure failure-free and uninterrupted progress, increase productivity and improve the quality of manufactured products, as well as reduce the operating costs of equipment (machines), and thus reduce production and product costs. This effect should consist mainly in the control of rational, safe and effective use and operation of equipment (machines) in the exploitation process. An algorithm implemented in one of the hard coal mines was presented. The technical condition of underground mining equipment was observed by periodical measurements of vibration parameters at selected points on the machine – measurements were conducted with a vibration pen. The aim of this research is to improve the reliability of technological process of a mining plant through its failure-free operation. In order to achieve this objective, i.e. the efficiency of a mining company, it is necessary to reduce its costs. The action that leads to this aim is a proper assessment of the technical condition with regard to the equipment used in technological process.
This paper presents the problem of technical means failure, used both in longwall reinforcement and in the mining process. Longwall reinforcement – a concept related to launching a longwall mining excavation – is one of the most important elements in the process of hard coal seams exploitation. It consists in introducing all necessary machinery and equipment to the future longwall in order to enable the effective mining process. The efficiency of a longwall excavation as well as works related to the reinforcement of longwalls depends directly on properly selected machines and equipment of the longwall complex. In order to ensure greater effectiveness and efficiency, it is necessary to find the causes of the most frequent failures in these processes and effectively counteract them. These actions result in increased production availability of machines and equipment involved in the mining process. The increase of production availability is significantly influenced by the technical condition of technical means used both in longwall reinforcement and in the mining process, and their proper selection. This will ensure a largely failure-free and uninterrupted progress of works.
The article briefly describes the factors affecting the workability of coal seams. Next, the construction and principle of operation of a globally unique device for determining the values of forces involved in the cutting process (coal extraction) named POU-BW/01-WAP by the author were presented. It is the only device in the world that determines two of the three component forces that are involved in the cutting process. To this end, two independent measuring blocks were used, which consist of tensometric force sensors: cutting (Fs) and pick downforce (Fd). To register these forces, a real pick was used, which is used in longwall drum shearers - a conical pick. The device has ATEX certification that allows working in real conditions, as a device intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres - in accordance with Directive 94/9/EC. The instrument has received many awards at global inventiveness and innovative solution trade shows.
Every company must ensure that the production process proceeds without interferences. Within this article, the author uses the term “interferences” in reference to unplanned stoppages caused by breakdowns. Unfortunately, usually due to machine operators’ mistakes, machines break, which causes stoppages thus generating additional costs for the company. This article shows a cause and effect analysis of a breakdown in a production process. The FMEA as well as quality management tools: the Ishikawa diagram and Pareto chart were used for the analysis. Correction measures were presented which allowed for a significant reduction in the number of stoppages caused by breakdowns.
Computer systems supporting the management of machines operation and maintenance in companies have been successfully applied in many branches of industry. Over the last few years these systems have been considerably transformed. It also seems that using them for operating mining machines in hard coal mines is inevitable, as maintenance generates high production costs. If implemented, the systems will allow for optimization of stocks, spare parts and materials, supplies, outsourced services as well as maintenance-repair works. Application of a system supporting the management of mining machines/equipment will also enable a better, more effective use of employees. As a result of these actions, the time needed for preparations and repair will be shortened, which will translate directly into the economic effects of mines.
The mining organ of the longwall heading machine KGS-320 with radial tools was the subject of the analysis. Cooperation of single knife with the mined solid rock was estimated in order to determine values of the forces and moments that might occur in the mining process and to estimate the energy consumption of the mining process. Analogous determination of forces and moments values as well as energy consumption of the mining process for the whole mining organ with regard to all the knives installed. Following the thorough analysis of the solid rock mining process with the longwall tumble heading machine mining head the PC computer program simulating such organ’s mode of action has been developed. This program presents the simulation of the mining process in the part regarding direct contact of the cutting tool (knife) with the rock mass. The result of this simulation is force and moments distribution, which are transmitted via the mining organ (head) during one full turn (360o) and, as consequence, via whole longwall heading machine.
Smart specialisations, a new area of economy/science which constitutes a new, growing economic specialisation based on utilising the unique natural resources of a region, connecting various branches of the industry, applying innovative technological solutions. Each Polish voivodeship has a specific list of smart specialisations aimed at creating new markets for economic activity, modernisation and increasing the region’s competitiveness. Using as an example the technical universities in the Silesian Voivodeship, the author considers the possibility of teaching future experts for Smart Specialisation implementation as part of the Production Engineering course. He signalises the potential and omissions.