The paper presents the measurement method and results as well as the results of comparative calculations aimed at determination of material data for the package of ferromagnetic sheets insulated with epoxy lacquer. During the test, the package of sheets was treated as a 3D orthotropic material. The values of Young’s and Kirchhoff’s moduli for a pre-compressed package of sheets, in accordance with the used manufacturing technology of the medium and high power electric motors’ rotors, were detennined. The carried out FEM comparative calculations confirmed that the determined mechanical parameters of the package of sheets as a 3D orthotropic material, i.e. Young’s and Kirchhoff’s moduli, for the compressive stress range of 1.0÷2.5 MPa, are included in the linear range. It was assumed that the determined mechanical properties of the package of sheets are necessary at the design stage for FEM simulation calculations of the electric motors’ vibration and strength properties. As a result of the tests, it was found that they should be repeated in order to determine the properties of other sheets or those coated with different insulating lacquer.
Gyroplanes, as ultralight aircraft, are popular transport vehicles recently. Ultralight aircraft flights take place at a low altitude – their noise is not without effect on people and nature. The localization of the sources of noise and a possibility to decrease the noise of an gyroplane are described in this paper. The rules of design and exploitation of gyroplanes do not define the limits of emitted noise.
Gyroplanes are not noisy aircraft vehicles but for their silencing the knowledge about the sources and frequency range of noise is necessary. The goal of the conducted measurement was to determine the gyro-plane noise properties and the noise measurement methods. The evaluation of the noise sources was made by acoustic beamforming and the directional emission with single microphones at various engine speeds.
The supplement of these tests should be the rotor noise measurement but that investigation should be performed on a special stand, on which the rotor propulsion noise would not disturb the measurement.
Sławomir Cieślak, Wiesław Krzymień and Krzysztof Szafran
Hovercrafts are a universal means of transport intended for use on flat surfaces such as water, ice, snow, swamp, or sand. They are used in rescue operations and patrolling difficult areas inaccessible to other means of transport. The Institute of Aviation conducted acoustic measurements inside the cabin of the hovercraft to determine the source of the noise and the sound pressure exerted on the pilot and passengers. Assessment of the sources of noise in the cabin is made using the acoustic beamforming method. Assessment of the level of noise to which a pilot is exposed during the operation was prepared on the basis of a standard specifying the requirements and methods of determining occupational noise exposure .
The test results indicate a significant penetration of noise from the drivetrain into the cabin. It is recommended that a hovercraft pilot and operators use hearing protection in some specified conditions and during testing. Thus it is pointed out in the summary that additional soundproofing of the cabin is needed. The points of the greatest penetration of noise into the interior have been indicated.