Radical hysterectomy (RH) and pelvic lymphadenectomy are the main treatment methods for early cervical cancer and endometrial carcinoma. Effective care measures, however, can decrease the incidence of UTIs and complications associated with RH and pelvic lymphadenectomy, as well as improve the therapeutic effects of administered drugs and patient prognosis. The writer refers to relevant literatures to analyze the reasons for postoperative UTIs and to provide a brief summary of the nursing methods for and progress in UTI prevention.
HPV is classified into high-risk and low-risk types depending on its probability of leading to tumorigenesis. Many studies have shown that HPV infection, especially the infection caused by the high-risk type, is always related to prostate cancer, bladder cancer, penile cancer, testicular cancer, and other urinary system tumors. However, previous studies differed in sexual openness and racial genetic susceptibility of the study object, sample size, and experimental methods. Hence, the correlation between high-risk HPV infection and urinary system tumors remains controversial. The early open reading frame of the HPV genome is composed of E1–E7, among which E6 and E7 are the key transfer proteins. The combination of these proteins with oncogene and anti-oncogene may be one of the mechanisms leading to tumorigenesis.