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Nadeem Siddiqui, M. Alam and Waquar Ahsan

Synthesis, anticonvulsant and toxicity evaluation of 2-(1H-indol-3-yl)acetyl-N-(substituted phenyl)hydrazine carbothioamides and their related heterocyclic derivatives

A series of new 5-(1H-indol-3-yl)methyl-4-(substituted aryl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones (4a-g), 5-(1H-indol-3-yl)methyl-N-(substituted aryl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-amines (5a-g) and 5-(1H-indol-3-yl)methyl-N-(substituted aryl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amines (6a-g) were prepared by treating 2-(1H-indol-3-yl)acetyl-N-(substituted phenyl) hydrazine carbothioamides (3a-g) with suitable reagents. All the newly synthesized compounds were screened for their anticonvulsant activity in the MES model and were compared with the standard drugs phenytoin sodium and carbamazepine. Out of the twenty-one compounds studied, 4b, 4e, 4f, 5b, 5d, 5g, 6b, 6d and 6e showed comparable MES activity to phenytoin and carbamazepine after 0.5 h. Compound 5b showed to be more potent than carbamazepine after 4 h. Compounds 4a, 4c, 4d, 5a, 5c, 5e, 5f, 6f and 6g showed lower neurotoxicity than phenytoin.

Open access

Nadeem Siddiqui, Arpana Rana, Suroor Khan, S. Haque, M. Arshad, Sharique Ahmed and Waquar Ahsan

Synthesis and preliminary screening of benzothiazol-2-yl thiadiazole derivatives for anticonvulsant activity

Various N-(5-chloro-6-substituted-benzothiazol-2-yl)-N'-(substituted phenyl)-[1,3,4]thiadiazole-2,5-diamines (5a-t) were designed and synthesized starting from substituted acetophenones. Structures of all the compounds were confirmed on the basis of spectral and elemental analyses. All the newly synthesized compounds were screened for their anticonvulsant activity and were compared with the standard drug phenytoin sodium. Interestingly, all the compounds showed protections against seizures in the range 50-100% indicative of the promising nature of the compounds against seizure spread. Compounds 5b and 5c showed complete protection against MES induced seizures.