Vuka Katić, Danijela Radojković, Zoran Radovanović, Ivan Nagorni, Andrija Jović and Maja Nedić
Papillary carcinoma of the breast is an extremely rare form of breast carcinoma in males. We report a case of an 83-year-old man who presented with a retroareolar palpable mass, associated with bloody nipple discharge. Cytological characteristics were rare clusters and papillary formations with enlarged hyperchromatic nuclei, surrounded by erythrocytes. Having in mind that a reliable cytological diagnosis of papillary carcinoma cannot be made and that all papillary lesions observed in cytological material should be excised for histological examination, breast conserving surgery (BCS) was performed.
Histologically, cystic ducts were lined with atypical papillary formations bridging the duct lumen, but with the absence of both myoepithelial cells and stromal invasion. Prolactin and testosterone serum levels were decreased. Immunohistochemical examination on actin, estrogen and progesteron receptors was negative.
The authors have pointed out that the patient had left orchiectomy, induced by tuberculous orchiepididymitis with scrotal fistula, performed thirty years before. Twelve months after breast conserving surgery, the patient is still alive.
Khair Fadel Merei Al Junidi, Mirjana Paravina, Vuka Katić and Pasxalina Mitsa
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignant tumor of the skin. This study was conducted to analyze patients with BCC, their age and sex distribution, occupation, site distribution of tumors, clinical types, and histopathological characteristics of lesions. Based on the data obtained from the Histopathological Registry, a clinical and histopathological analysis of the surgically excised BCCs was performed.
The study included 100 randomly selected patients out of 263 consecutive patients with histopathologically diagnosed BCC at the Institute of Pathology of the Clinical Center in Niš in the period of 15 months. The sex ratio was 1.4:1 in favor of men (p<0.05). Two thirds of patients were over the age of 60 (p<0.0001). The average age of patients was 66.6 ± 12.2 years (range 23 - 90). In agreement with the age distribution, 53 patients were retired (mostly retired farmers), 12 were workers, 14 farmers, 12 without permanent employment, 5 were housewives, and 4 clerks. A substantial majority of 61% of examinees lived in the country (p<0.001). The employment status was related to the age of examinees, but also with the altered demographic structure in the country: many workers lived in the country, or returned to the country after retirement.
BCC was commonly found on the face (77%), and rarely on the trunk (11%) and extremities (2%).
There were no data about exposition to X-rays or chemicals (except for pesticides and insecticides), scars resulting from burns or genodermatoses. In 87% of cases, BCC was significantly most often found at sites continually exposed to the sun (head including face and scalp, and neck). The most commonly diagnosed was the nodular type (57%), then the superficial (7%), ulcerative (5%), ulcero-sclerotic (4%), pigmented (1%), and morpheaform (1%). In 27% of cases, there were no data about the histopathological type of BCC in the Histopathological Registry, based on which accurate histological type of BCC could have been established. Based on histopathological analysis, apart from the nodular (40%), other types were rarely diagnosed, like the adenoid (12%) (p<0.0001), mixed types (nodular-adenoid, nodular-adenoid-fibroblastic and mixed) (9%), superficial (7%), fibroblastic (2%), infiltrative (1%), pigmented (1%), and morpheaform (1%). Surgical excision is the gold standard in the treatment of BCC: conventional, conducted in our patients, and Mohs micrographic surgery, which takes an important place in the treatment of high-risk BCCs. In 6% of cases, the tumor process was found in the margins of the excision.
In conclusion: Basal cell carcinoma was more common in males than in females. Significantly more patients with excised basal cell carcinoma lived in the country. An age-related increase in the number of patients with BCC has been established, and most patients with excised basal cell carcinomas belonged to the age group of 61 to 81 years of age. In most patients the tumor site was on the face, whereas clinically and histopathologically, nodular type was the most common.
Marijola Mojsilović, Vuka Katić, Ivan Ilić, Biljana Radovanović, Bratislav Petrović, Miodrag Lazić and Marijana Krstić
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a rare genetic disorder with autosomal-dominant pleiotropic inheritance, variable penetrance and characteristic signs of the disease that predisposes persons to increased risk of developing cancer, particularly in the gastrointestinal tract and the breast. Due to genetic nature of disease, in the familial Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, a multiplication of symptoms in the three-generation family members was established.
This paper represents an insight into the anamnesis of PJS in one family over thirty-seven years of follow-up, and is part of the broader study of this disorder. Article presents family history, clinical and histological findings and multiplication of symptoms of PJS across three generations.
Over thirty-seven years, PJS has been present in this family in the form of only mucocutaneous pigmentation but without clinically manifested signs (father), or with both melanine hyperpigmentation and gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyposis (his daughter and her son).
The symptoms rose suspicion of the existence of PJS complication, i.e. carcinoid-like syndrome with watery diarrheas accompanied by constipations in the affected mother and son who were surgically treated. Diagnosis of PJS was histopathologically confirmed in both cases: the presence of the polyps with hamartomatous pattern and conspicuous hyperplasia of chromogranin-positive (EC and L cells) and serotoninpositive (EC) cells. Malignant transformation of PJ- removed polyps was not found. Besides hamartoma, polyps as well as a tubular adenoma were found, with a low degree dysplasia without malignant transformation (son).
The authors discuss the findings in relation to the important role of the gastrointestinal endocrine cell hyperplasia, not only for better understanding of the growth and clinical symptoms of the PJ polyposis, but also for new approach and the possible application of anti-hormonal therapy in the treatment of these patients in the future, that is not currently in use.