Volodimyr Kalchenko, Andrij Yeroshenko and Sergiy Boyko
In the article the method of grinding with crossed axes of the tool and the workpiece got further developed. The work discloses a method of processing details having an external surface with a profile in the form of an arc of a circle of variable radius (for example, rolls of pipe rolling mills). The particular three-dimensional geometric models of the processing, shaping and profiling of abrasive wheels have been developed. A method for controlling the grinding process, which ensures the removal of allowances along equidistant curves has been offered. The developed method of grinding provides a constant depth of cutting according to the coordinate of profile processing. This is achieved at the expense of the synchronous inclination of the wheel and its insertion by the size of the allowance. The diameter of grinding wheel affects on the maximum angle of orientation of the wheel has been proven. It has been shown that increasing the diameter of the abrasive wheel has led to a slight decrease in value orientation angle.
Volodimyr Kalchenko, Andrij Yeroshenko, Sergiy Boyko and Nataliia Sira
In the work the analysis of existent methods of determination of local and general forces of cutting at polishing of surfaces with a type as the arc of circumference is given. The dependence for determination of speed polishing and method for determination of thickness of the cut away layer on condition of equality of the tricked into and taken off volumes of material are offered. The method of determination of cutting forces, which takes into account cutting and deforming grain, is suggested. The method of determining the thickness of a cutting layer of one of the cutting edge, from the condition that the volume of material that is brought and is cut in each local point of contact spots has been proposed. The proposed method takes into account the compliance of the processing system and the discontinuity of the abrasive surface of the tool. By experimental way upper limits of thickness cutting layer when using different abrasive materials for a wide range of cutting speeds have been obtained.