Atip Ramadani, Rozalinda Popova Jovanovska, Meri Trajkovska, Vladimir Andreevski, Viktorija Calovska, Vladimir Serafimoski and Sonja Bojadzieva
Introduction: The term angiodysplasia (AD) refers to acquired malformation of the blood vessels (communications between veins and capillaries), frequently found within the gastrointestinal mucosa and submucosa. AD of stomach and duodenum are cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in 4%-7% of patients. The means of treatment are usually endoscopic, including argon plasma coagulation (APC), electrocoagulation, mechanical hemostasis by clippsing, laser photo-coagulation and injection therapy.
Aim: To compare the success rate, and adverse events (ulcer lesions, perforations) of APC and injection therapy in the treatment of bleeding angiodysplasia in the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
Material and Methods: In a prospective study including 50 patients with bleeding angiodysplasia of the upper GIT, 35 patients were treated with APC, and remaining 15 with injection therapy using adrenaline and 1.5% solution of polidocanol. Follow-up period was 6 months.
Results: A total of 50 patients aged 18 to 64 years, 64% male and 36% female, have been treated during 2 years period. The rate of recurrent bleeding and side effects was significantly higher in the adrenaline group (p <0.01). Blood transfusion was required in 68% during the first hospital admission. Angiodysplasia of the stomach was present in 66%, versus 34% in duodenum.
Conclusion: Endoscopy is “gold standard” for diagnosis and treatment of AD in the gastrointestinal tract. The study unveiled APC as more effective treatment option with lower degree of complications and adverse events in comparison to injection therapy in patients with bleeding AD.
Vladimir Andreevski, Gorgi Deriban, Urim Isahi, Jane Mishevski, Magdalena Dimitrova, Viktorija Caloska, Nenad Joksimovic, Rozalinda Popova and Vladimir Serafimovski
Background: Benign esophageal strictures are complications resulting from various causes. They can be structurally categorized in two groups: simple and complex. Treatment is similar in most cases that require dilatation and means use of three general types of dilators that are currently in use. However, despite the last guidelines on esophageal dilatation, the therapeutic response, optimal timing of treatment and interval between sessions may vary and there is no strong consensus in the literature regarding this fact.
Aims: To analyzethe first 4 year experience of Digestive Endoscopy Unit at the University Clinic of Gastroenterohepatology of the Medical Faculty, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia in treating benign esophageal strictures, since the Savary-Gilliard technique of “bougienage” was introduced for the first time in Republic of Macedonia, at our Institution, in December 2013, by assessing etiology, length of stricture, number of dilations required to achieve satisfactory therapeutic response, as well as the relationship between the type, extent of stenosis and therapeutic response.
Methods: One hundred and forty five dilations, during a period from 20th December 2013, until March 2017, have been analyzed in 31 patients
Results: The caustic strictures were the most prevalent, occurring in 15 (48%) of patients, followed by peptic stenosis presenting 26% of patients. The long and corrosive strictures needed more sessions to the absence of dysphagia. Peptic and short stenoses best respondedon treatment and needed fewer dilatation sessions per patient.
Conclusion: Caustic stricture is the most common type of benign esophageal stenosis and the most refractory to treatment, especially the long one. Peptic stenosis is the second cause of benign esophageal strictures and responded well to endoscopic therapy. The higher the extent of stenosis, the greater the number of sessions required. Short strictures have good prognoses in most cases. The number of dilations depended directly on the cause and extent of stenosis. Bouginage using Savary-Gilliard or American type of technique, irrespective of the type and the extent of esophageal stenosis, is safe and purposeful procedure.