A prerequisite for realizing the demand for public passenger transport is the existence of its potential which represents the population of a city, region or state. The number of inhabitants has a direct impact on the demand for transport. The paper deals with examining the relationship and dependence between the population demographic development and the demand for public passenger transport. Not only in Slovakia but also in Europe and in the world, the main problem is the ageing population. The changing age structure of the population changes requirements, demands and habits of transported population groups. A gradual increase in the holders of cards of a person with severe disability or a person with severe disability with accompaniment can be observed in Slovakia in recent years. This group of the population has also a very strong impact on the demand for public passenger transport. The dependence between individual variables is examined in the conditions of the Ţilina self-governing region.
The paper deals with the research of the demand and supply of public passenger transport services in the state of emergency caused by the COVID-19 disease. The extraordinary situation has been affecting the behaviour and decision-making of passengers and their demand for public transport not only in the Slovak Republic but globally. The situation has caused a significant decline in passenger transport as well as changes in the structure of passengers who still use the public transport system. Several operators have responded to declining demand by reducing the transport services supply, to reduce operating costs. The declining demand is reflected in a decrease in transport revenues and an increase in the demonstrable loss of operators providing public passenger transport services.
The paper deals with the analysis of demand for bus transport to examine determinants of demand and practices of high school students based on survey of their transport habits in Žilina Region. Transport habits of students are individual and variable in time. This group of passengers is dependent on public passenger transport services because of their travelling to schools. Significant part of demand for public passenger transport is also formed by this this group of passengers. The knowledge of student's transport habits may help in process of adaptation of offering and quality of transport serviceability what may subsequently stabilize demand for public passenger transport.
Scientific article deals with the characteristics of positive externalities and identifying positive externalities of road transport. In the analysis are the processed data on economic indicators of the Slovak Republic and data for individual regions of the Slovak Republic. Based on the analysis were selected positive externalities of road transport. At present, there is insufficient attention to the positive externalities of the transportation, and despite the fact that road transport and road infrastructure has undeniable positive impact on social development and economic growth of the country.
The article deals with the motor vehicle tax in relation with fiscal decentralization, particularly from 2005 with competence delegated to the self-governing regions in the area of motor vehicle tax. The result of this provision in the field of fiscal decentralization is increasing of differences in the motor vehicle tax burden in self-governing regions of Slovakia. The paper is the result of solving a series of impact studies solved by the authors in this field. Gradually over time from the transfer of competences in setting tax rates on motor vehicles to self-governing regions and usage of the incomes of this tax can realistically assess the development and impact of this element of fiscal decentralization in the Slovak Republic as well as propose a solution of resulting situation. The aim is to eliminate differences in motor vehicle tax burden at regional and interstate level while maintaining the current level of tax revenues of self-governing regions.