The article analyzes possibilities of alternative routes of logistics chains between China and Europe. The new routes should shorten up the transportation time and alleviate the current flows through the big European ports, nevertheless, simultaneously, ensure to preserve other qualitative as well as economic parameters.
The pricing methodology is a system-based application that can provide a positive economic outcome for each operating activity that aims to increase a specific utility value or utility effect. Price calculation in transport is part of the general theory of pricing, while accepting specific business conditions in transport, or in its individual sectors, including rail transport. This paper describes a proposal of a suitable methodical procedure by means where it would be possible to effectively evaluate such additional services in rail freight transport that are provided beyond the carriers’ basic activities in Slovak Republic conditions. The new methodology for evaluating and pricing ancillary services must aim at creating more favourable economic conditions regarding pricing for carriers, flexibility in the provision of additional services and the ability to respond to customer requirements. The secondary objective of the new methodology is to promote environmentally friendly transport modes, which in continental transport means increasing the share of rail transport in the transport market. This benefit of the newly proposed methodology, i.e. greening transport in general is also one of the EU’s objectives.
The paper presents a concrete example of the selected Theory of Constraints (TOC) technique implementation in order to identify the main causes of undesirable consequences in the context of supply logistics issues. Determining the undesirable consequences of supply logistics is primarily related to the adverse impact on costs, profitability and quality of outsourcing enterprise which provide services in supply chain field. Particularly, this implementation includes individual steps of the process related to the creation of the specific TOC technique. The outcome is to identify the main causes which have the most significant impact on the negative consequences.