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  • Author: Virgil Marinescu x
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Abstract

A mathematical model for the water ow on a hill covered by variable distributed vegetation is proposed in this article. The model takes into account the variation of the geometrical properties of the terrain surface, but it assumes that the surface exhibits large curvature radius. After describing some theoretical properties for this model, we introduce a simplified model and a well-balanced numerical approximation scheme for it. Some mathematical properties with physical relevance are discussed and finally, some numerical results are presented.

Abstract

0.88Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 – 0.12Pb(Mn1/3Sb2/3)O3 – 0,02 at%E piezoelectric ceramics, with E = Pr3+ were synthesized by using a conventional method, namely a solid state reaction technique. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) were employed for the structural and microstructural investigations. Piezoelectric methods were used for the dielectric and piezoelectric properties determination. The results of XRD show a perovskite structure and XRD patterns, indexing on a tetragonal cell structure, was carried out for the most common phases. The SEM micrographs of the sintered compositions reveal a homogenous structure with a sharp or rounded grain boundary. The modified PZT ceramic presents still superior piezoelectric properties. Based on the results obtained, one can conclude that the analysed piezoelectric ceramics are useful for device applications.