Aim: Data on the use of novel anticoagulant drugs (NOACc) in renal transplant recipients is scarce. The aim of our study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of NOACs in renal transplant recipients.
Materials and Methods: In a single-centre retrospective cohort study we assessed adverse reactions, thromboembolic events, and interactions of calcineurin inhibitors in patients treated with NOACs.
Results: Twenty-three renal transplant recipients were treated with NOACs (70% male), mean age of 65.8 ± 1.8 years. Fourteen (61%) patients were treated with rivaroxaban, apixaban was given to 8 (35%) of our patients, and dabigatran to one patient (4%). The main indications for NOAC therapy was atrial fibrillation in 61% and deep venous thrombosis in 23% of patients. Bleeding occurred in 2 patients (1 treated with rivaroxaban and 1 with dabigatran). None of our patients developed thrombosis while treated with NOAC. During the median follow-up of 24 months graft function, as well as hematological parameters, remained stable in patients that were treated with rivaroxaban and apixaban, while dabigatran was ceased after a month of therapy due to a bleeding event.
Conclusion: Our results show that both rivaroxaban and apixaban are safe and efficient oral anticoagulant drugs in renal transplant patients. Additional studies are needed to prove these results.
Introduction: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common opportunistic infective pathogen in kidney transplant recipients. Valganciclovir (VAL) is commonly used for prophylaxis, especially in high-risk recipients. Generic VAL formulations have become available, but the data about their safety and efficacy are lacking.
Methods: Consecutive de novo kidney transplant patients were randomized to generic VAL Valganciklovir Teva® (VT group)(24 patients) or Alvanocyte® (A group), Alvogen (19 patients) or to Valcyte® (V group), Roche (23 patients) in a 18-month open-label study. Universal prophylaxis was used for 6 months after the transplantation. CMV DNA levels were measured at 1,3,6,9,12 and 18 months after the transplantation. All positive measurements of CMV DNA were recorded.
Results: Groups did not differ regarding the clinical characteristics or the risk for developing CMV infection in the post-transplant period. CMV replications were most common at 9 months after the transplantation with rates of 9% for the V, 13% for the VT and 26% for the A group (p=0.26). At 12 months, positive CMV DNA was recorded in 22%, 8% and 11 % of patients taking V, VT and A, respectively (p=0.37). Rates of biopsy-proven acute rejection, adverse events, and serious adverse events were similar for all formulations. Lymphocele occurred most commonly in the V group (35%) compared to 17% in VT and 17% in the A group (p=0.23). One patient from each of the A and VT groups developed CMV disease. Additionally, they were the only two patients with CMV DNA copies above 656 IU/ml. Glomerular filtration rates were similar in all groups at all time points, while proteinuria was significantly higher at 12 months in patients who received V 0.32 g/day (0.18 – 0.42), compared to patients on VT 0.2 (0.1 – 0.2), or A 0.2 (0.2 – 0.3), p=0.04.
Conclusion: Valgancyclovir efficacy and safety in this limited data set is similar with early administration of V, VT and A after kidney transplantation. Additional studies aimed at elucidating the effectiveness of this treatment regimen in patients who are at high risk for developing CMV infection are necessary to draw further conclusions.
Propionibacterium acnes is a gram-positive human skin commensal that is involved in the pathogenesis of acne and prefers anaerobic growth conditions. It has been considered as a low virulence pathogen in different clinical conditions. We present the case of acute peritonitis caused by Propionibacterium acnes in a peritoneal dialysis patient.