Diana Carmen Mirila, Mădălina-Ștefania Pîrvan, Nicoleta Platon, Ana-Maria Georgescu, Valentin Zichil and Ileana Denisa Nistor
In this work, the advanced decomposition of organic dyestuffs used in food and textile industry, such as Malachite Green (MG), was investigated in the presence of a cationic catalyst montmorillonite (P1-PILCs) prepared by ion-exchange method. The obtained material was characterized by BET, FTIR and XRD. The effects of different variables such as: catalyst dose, catalyst/ozone dose, ozonation time and the pH on the mineralization of the synthetic dye were studied and optimal experimental conditions were ascertained. Compared with simple ozonation, the introduction of the catalyst greatly reduces the duration of the process to reach over 95% yield from 110 minutes to some seconds.
Ancuta-Ioana Coseru, Valentin Zichil and Stefan Lupascu
In this paper, the authors propose a studying method for the deformation that appears before crack of ductile materials using the Lode parameter determined by the numerical calculation applied on simple models, verified in previous studies. In order to highlight the influence of the Lode parameter, the tests were performed at simple but also at compound tests. The necessity of these studies lies in the fact that the acknowledged models (the use of the integral J, the critical stress intensity factor Kc or the CPCD method) do not fully explain the phenomenon of deformation before breaking the elasto-plastic materials. The tests were imagined under the form of sets. Each set of tests was performed on smooth specimens and on specimens with a notch radius of 0.5, 2, 4 and 10 mm. Also, each set of tests was performed for pure tensile and combined tensile-torque test.