In the present work, powder zinc oxide samples were prepared by varying NaOH concentration (0.1 M – 0.4 M) using wet-chemical co-precipitation method. As-synthesized ZnO was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), photoluminescence (PL) and Raman spectroscopy. Formation of hexagonal wurtzite structure of the ZnO samples has been revealed from XRD studies. This study further suggests reduction in crystallite size from 40 nm to 23 nm with an increase in NaOH concentration which is confirmed by FESEM. PL and Raman spectroscopy studies of these samples show significant peak shift towards the higher and lower energy respectively, with maximum PL emission between 400 nm and 470 nm region of the visible spectrum. Noticeable inverse relationship between optical properties of ZnO nanoparticles and NaOH concentration may be attributed to the rapid nucleation during the synthesis process. With these remarkable properties, ZnO nanoparticles may find applications in nanoelectronic devices, sensors, nanomedicine, GATE dielectrics, photovoltaic devices, etc.
As TiO2 is suitable for electronic and electrical applications, in the present work the authors have successfully modified TiO2 by adding silver (Ag) to form titanium oxide-silver oxide (TiO2:Ag2O) nanocomposite samples by using sol-gel technique. Characterizations of these composites have been performed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and UV-Vis spectroscopy. XRD study revealed that the crystal structure of the samples consisted of tetragonal and cubic phases. This study further showed an increment in the average crystallite size from 8 nm to 38 nm with an increase in Ag concentration. The increase in crystallite size has been confirmed additionally by SEM and AFM. The increment in the average particle size of the samples may be attributed to an increase in silver molarity in the TiO2 matrix. Significant red shift in the absorption edge has been observed, causing reduction in the energy bandgap of the composites from 3.89 eV to 3.46 eV with an increase in particle size which is evident from UV-Vis spectroscopic studies. This wide-band gap properties of the TiO2:Ag2O nanocomposite make it suitable for memory-storage devices and dielectric applications.