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M. Gorgan, Angela Neacsu, Narcisa Bucur, V. Pruna, Catalina Lipan, Aurelia Mihaela Sandu and Catioara Fanica Cristescu

Abstract

Authors analyze 84 cases of brain abscesses operated between January 2000 and December 2011, in the Fourth Neurosurgical Department by the same surgical team. We underline the general series profile: the mean age was 42.96 years (range: 11-75 years old), 72.62% were males, association with heart defects in seven cases (8.33%), positive bacteriological examination for germs in only 37 cases (44.04%), all negative for HIV infection. The median number of days to diagnosis was 9. Most frequent clinical presentations included headache (40.47%), fever (35.71%), focal neurologic deficits (29.76%), increased intracranial pressure (28.57%) and seizures (11.90%).

The majority of cases (76.19%, n=64) presented a supposed medical condition favoring dissemination of a previous infection: malnutrition, tuberculosis, chronic alcoholism, chronic liver malady, neglected dental or ear infections, and only 5 cases (5.95%) had been diagnosed with secondary immunodeficiency syndromes following autoimmune systemic diseases.

According to our treatment policy all cases except for two (treated by puncture and aspiration) benefited of open surgery and total removal of the lesions, without local recurrence. Outcome was favorable in 82.14% (n=69) of subjects. General morbidity was 26.19%, and mortality stood at 7.14%. Six cases remained with permanent motor deficit (7.14%) and four (4.76%) with controllable seizures. Out of a total of 33.33% (n=28) of complications, 64.28% were due to medical causes.

Follow-up had been extended up to three years for at least 2/3 of patients, who resolved in time medical or surgical conditions which determined cerebral dissemination of the infection. Despite of a poor medical and biological condition, the patients with brain abscess outside of HIV infections benefit from neurosurgical adequate treatment, and if supportive medical and general therapy is continued and sustained, the healing and survival in good neurological status is the rule. Hematogenous spread and advance age were predictors of poor prognosis. Our findings are similar to the results of recent works, although in our series, there is a higher frequency of aerobe germs

Open access

R.M. Gorgan, F. Brehar, M. Catana, V. Pruna, Ana Gheorghiu, G. Popescu, Catioara Cristescu and A. Giovani

Abstract

Multiple cavernous malformations are associated with familial cases and are present in 10-20% of all cavernoma cases. 5% of cavernomas are located intramedullary and of these only 10% present multiple cavernomas. With the availability of echo gradient MRI the cases of multiple cavernomas are diagnosed earlier and it is not rare that it uncovers multiple cavernomas in cases where only a single lesion can be identified on regular MRI sequences. We present the case of a 55 years old woman presented with a two years history of mild backache, followed by progressive lower legs motor deficit and urinary retention. The spine MRI showed an intramedullary T2/3 lesion and the cerebral MRI established the diagnosis of multiple cavernomas. One year after the intramedullary cavernoma was operated with success, she developed generalized seizures and a new cerebral MRI showed bleeding and volume growth of one right temporal pole cavernoma. The cerebral lesion was resected successfully and the patient was discharged free of seizures. This familial type multiple cavernomas cases should be screened and followed with repeated brain and spine MRI’s every year.