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Y. Nechiporuk, V. Novak and V. Dudka

Abstract

The comparative studies of the tarsal joint capsule of cattle (Bos taurus) and canines (Canis lupus) have clarified general patterns of the structural organization of a joint capsule and the species-specific features of its angioarchitectonics. The differences in the formation of the fibroelastic layer and the location of vascular fields in the cases of animals with different stances were established. The zones of intensive intraorganic vascularization of the joint capsule were revealed; that being—the plantar and dorsal surface in the case of cattle, the lateral and medial surfaces—in case of the canine.

Open access

M Novak, I Mazakova, V Sadlonova, T Cervenova and H. Hudeckova

Abstract

Introduction: Decrease of nonspecific imunity in patients and the treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics form appropriate conditions for the appearance of medically severe Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) - enterocolitis that can have the characteristics of community or hospital acquired infection (HAI). The aim of our work is to identify the trend of their incidence in Slovakia and to define the risk groups according to age and department of hospitalisation.

Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis and comparison of the appearance of CDI was performed within the groups of patients hospitalised in health care institutions in the SR and those in the district of Martin during the period of years 2010 to 2017. The data of reported cases were taken from the Epidemiological information system of the Slovak Republic (EPIS SR), the source of demografic data was the National Center of Health Information.

Resuts: Analysis shows an important increase of incidence of CDI during years 2010 to 2017. Diseases had predominantly health care associated – nosocomial – character targeting mostly older patients (65+ - 24/10 000 in the Slovak Republic and 62/10,000 in the county of Martin) and less infants (7/10,000 and 11/10,000 repectively).

Conclusion: The results of our analyses are consistent with literature data about CDI enterocolitis and show their serious health and social impact in our society.

Open access

Jakub Lev, V. Prošek, P. Novák, F. Kumhála and M. Wohlmuthová

Abstract

Material throughput measurement is important for many applications, for example yield maps creation or control of mass flow in stationary lines. Quite perspective can be the capacitive throughput method. Segmented capacitance sensor (SCS) is discussed in this paper. SCS is a compromise between simple capacitive throughput sensors and electrical capacitance tomography sensors. The SCS variant with partially released inactive segments is presented. The mathematical model of SCS was created and verified by measurements. A good correspondence between measured and computed values was found and it can be stated that the proposed mathematical model was verified. During measurement the voltage values on the inactive segments were monitored as well. On the basis of the measurement there was found that these values are significantly influenced by material distribution.