In the tribe Pyrgotini, a monophyletic lineage is considered as the subtribe Adapsiliina Rondani, 1869, revised rank; it includes the genera Adapsilia Waga, 1842, Campylocera Macquart, 1843, Euphya Wulp, 1885, Eupyrgota Coquillett, 1899, Geloemyia Hendel, 1908, Hendelpyrgota Vanschuytbroek 1963, Plectrobrachys Enderlein, 1942, Porpomastix Enderlein, 1942, Pyrgotomyia Hendel, 1934, Siridapha Enderlein, 1942, Trichopeltia Wulp, 1885, and an unnamed and unplaced genus-group taxon (represented by the group of species related to Adapsilia hirtoscutellata Hendel, 1933). Based on having at least two synapomorphies: the incomplete costa not reaching apex of medial vein, and male cerci flattened dorsoventrally, large, slightly longer and wider than epandrium, the broadest concept of the genus Campylocera Macquart, 1843 is proposed. In the Afrotropical Region, it therefore includes also all the species assigned by Steyskal (1980) to the genera Clemaxia Enderlein, 1942, Congopyrgota Aczel, 1958, syn. n., Diasteneura Hendel, 1908, syn. n., Dicrostira Enderlein, 1942, Hexamerinx Enderlein, 1942, Hypotyphla Loew, 1873, syn. n., Hypotyphlina Enderlein, 1942, syn. n., Lygiohypotyphla Enderlein, 1942, and Prohypotyphla Hendel, 1934, syn. n. The other important characters of Campylocera are the low epistome, subocular sclerite well expressed, and femoral organ on female mid femur always lacking. The following synonymy is established: Campylocera ferruginea Macquart, 1843 = Prohypotyphla omissa Hendel, 1934, syn. n.; Campylocera hyalipennis (Aczel, 1958, comb. n.) = Congopyrgota hyalipennis Aczel, 1958 = Congopyrgota kivuensis Vanschuytbroeck, 1963, syn. n. = Congopyrgota ethiopica Steyskal, 1972, syn. n.; Campylocera latigenis Hendel, 1914 = Prohypotyphla obtusicornis Hendel, 1934, syn. n. = Dicrostira partitigena Enderlein, 1942, syn. n.; Campylocera loewi (Hendel, 1908), comb. n. = Hypotyphla loewi Hendel, 1908 = Prohypotyphla (Hypotyphlina) saegeri Aczel, 1958, syn. n.; Campylocera caudata (Hendel, 1914), comb. n. = Hypotyphla caudata Hendel, 1914 = Lygiohypotyphla hyalipennis Vanschuytbroeck, 1963, syn. n. = Lygiohypotyphla ruwenzoriensis Vanschuytbroeck, 1963, syn. n.; Campylocera basilewskyi (Vanschuytbroeck, 1963), comb. n. (= Diasteneura basilewskyi Vanschuytbroeck, 1963), Campylocera laticeps (Hendel, 1908), comb. n. (= Diasteneura laticeps Hendel, 1908), Campylocera obscura (Vanschuytbroeck, 1963), comb. n. (= Diasteneura obscura Vanschuytbroeck, 1963), Campylocera similis (Steyskal, 1963), comb. n. (= Diasteneura similis Steyskal, 1963), Campylocera variceps (Curran, 1928), comb. n. (= Diasteneura variceps Curran, 1928), Campylocera nigripennis (Hendel, 1934) comb. n. (= Prohypotyphla nigripennis Hendel, 1934), Campylocera scalaris (Hendel, 1934) comb. n. (= Prohypotyphla scalaris Hendel, 1934).
A New Species of the Genus Ramuliseta (Diptera, Ctenostylidae) from Madagascar, with a Key to Species. Korneyev, V. A. - Ramuliseta dolini sp. n. is described; it is similar to R. madagascariensis Hennig, 1961, differing by wing pattern; a key to three Afrotropical species is provided.
Review of the Genus Geloemyia (Diptera, Pyrgotidae), with Discussion of its Taxonomic Position. Korneyev, V. A. - Species assigned to Geloemyia Hendel, 1908, Trichempodia Malloch, 1930 syn. n., Parageloemyia Hendel, 1933 syn. n., and Dicranostira Enderlein, 1942 syn. n. are shown to be congeneric. Geloemyia is refined to include eight species: Geloemyia cheni Kim, Han & Korneyev, sp. n., Geloemyia cockerelli (Malloch, 1930) comb. n. (= Trichempodia cockerelli Malloch, 1930), Geloemyia dorsocentralis (Hering, 1940) comb. n. (= Adapsilia dorsocentralis Hering, 1940), Geloemyia quadriseta Hendel, 1933, Geloemyia stylata Hendel, 1908, Geloemyia wonjuensis (Kim & Han, 2001) comb. n. (= Parageloemyia wonjuensis Kim & Han, 2001) from Eastern Asia, Geloemyia namibica sp. n., from mainland Africa (Namibia) and Geloemyia trifasciata (Enderlein, 1942) comb. n. (= Trichempodia trifasciata Enderlein, 1942) from Madagascar. Geloemyia nigrofasiata Hendel, 1933 based on a single male is supposed to be a junior synonym of G. quadriseta Hendel, 1933, based on females, but the synonymy is tentative. A key to species is provided. The genus Geloemyia belongs in the tribe Pyrgotini forming (or belonging to) a basal lineage in the subtribe Adapsiliina together with Pyrgotomyia Hendel, 1914 and Porpomastix Enderlein, 1942.
In addition to Toxurini and Pyrgotini, two monotypic tribes are described in the subfamily Pyrgotinae: Prodalmanniini, originally named and established by Aczél (1956) without detailed description or justification, and Toxopyrgotini trib. n. The type species of the type genera are redescribed and illustrated.
Pyrgotid Flies assigned to Apyrgota. I. New Species and Synonyms in Eupyrgota (s. str.) (Diptera, Pyrgotidae), with Description of a New Subgenus. Korneyev, V. A. - Eupyrgota scioida Hendel, 1908, the type species of the genus Apyrgota Hendel, 1909, syn. n. is shown to belong in Eupyrgota Coquillett, 1899. Th e diagnoses of the genus Eupyrgota and the subgenus Eupyrgota (s. str.) are reconsidered. E. alienata (Walker, 1861) comb. n., E. brahma (Hendel, 1914), comb. n., E. aequalis (Malloch, 1939), comb. n., E. angustifrons (Bezzi, 1914), comb. n., and E. armipes (Hendel, 1914), comb. n. are transferred into Eupyrgota (s. str.). Th e following synonymy is established: Eupyrgota Coquillett, 1899 = Apyrgota Hendel, 1909, syn. n.; E. alienata (Walker, 1861) = E. scioida Hendel, 1908, syn. n.; and E. brahma (Hendel, 1914) = Adapsilia nocturna Bezzi, 1914, syn. n. E. nyambene V. Korneyev, sp. n. is described based on a single female from Kenya; the new species belongs in the varipennis subgroup, but diff ers from other species by having a slender fore femur (thickened in E. varipennis Curran) and the mid femur with a femoral organ (absent in E. rugosigenis Hendel). A monotypic subgenus Asipyrgota subgen. n. (type species: Adapsilia flaviseta Malloch, 1929) is established; it shares the presence of the nipple-like processes of the prosternum, a generally robust appearance, and presence of 3 pairs of scutellar setae with members of the subgenus Eupyrgota s. str., diff ering by the absence of paired ventro-apical hooks on the oviscape.
Pyrgotid Flies Assigned to Apyrgota. II. New Synonyms in Eupyrgota (Subgenus Taeniomastix) (Diptera, Pyrgotidae), with Key to Subgenera and Species. Korneyev V. A. - The synonymy of Taeniomastix Enderlein, 1942, syn. n. (type species: Taeniomastix sumatrana Enderlein, 1942) and Eupyrgota Coquillett. 1898 is established. The subgeneric rank of Taeniomastix is proposed; the subgenus corresponds the spinifemur group of species sensu Korneyev (2006), with minor additions to its diagnosis. Four species from the Oriental (and partly Palaearctic), and two from Afrotropical Regions are included: E. formosana (Hennig, 1938), comb. n. (Apyrgota formosana), E. griseipennis (Hendel, 1933), comb. n. (Adapsilia griseipennis) (= Taeniomastix sumatrana Enderlein, 1942, syn. n.), E. pictiventris (Hendel, 1914) (Apyrgota) (= Adapsilia facialis Hendel, 1933, syn. n., = E. tigrina Kim et Han, 2000 syn. n.), E. saegeri (Vanschuytbroeck, 1963); E. spinifemur (Hendel, 1934), and E. unicolor (Hendel, 1914), comb. n. (Apyrgota spinifemur); illustrated diagnoses of the transferred species are given. Keys to subgenera of Eupyrgota and species of the subgenus Taeniomastix are provided.
Afropyrgota gen. n. (type species: Apyrgota marshalli Hendel, 1914) is established to include five species, Afropyrgota copelandi sp. n., Afropyrgota mambilla sp. n., Afropyrgota marshalli (Hendel, 1914) comb. n. (= Apyrgota marshalli Hendel, 1914), Afropyrgota ota sp. n. and Afropyrgota uzungwa sp. n., occurring in the tropical part of Africa. All species are described, illustrated and keyed. Th e new genus is similar to Eupyrgota Coquillett in having large size and wasp-like appearance, wing with spurious vein inserted at deep and sharp bend of R2+3, and femora with two ventral rows of shortened and thickened setae, clearly diff ering by the lack of the finger-like projections on presternum and sclerotized hooks on oviscape. Four species formerly assigned to Apyrgota are shown to belong to Tylotrypes Bezzi: T. breviventris (Shi, 1996), comb. n.; T. fura (Shi, 1996), comb. n.; T. jiangleensis (Shi, 1994), comb. n.; T. longa (Shi, 1996), comb. n.; in addition, 2 species are transferred here from Campylocera Macquart and Adapsilia Waga: T. fuscipes (Wulp, 1885), comb. n. and T. hispida (Kim & Han, 2001), comb. n. A revised diagnosis of the genus Tylotrypes is given
Thirty-one Tephritis species are recorded from Ukraine. Six species (T. brachyura Loew, T. conyzifoliae Merz, T. heliophila Hendel, T. mutabilis Merz, T. separata Rondani, T. tanaceti Hering, and T. valida Loew) are recorded for the first time from Ukraine; two species (T. crepidis Hendel and T. leontodontis De Geer) listed before without any references to material or locality are confirmed to occur in Ukraine, and two species on the list (T. conura Loew and T. hendeliana Hering) have not been confirmed yet by any available material, but possibly present in western and southern regions.
Eight species of the family Piophilidae are found in the mainland Ukraine. Five of them, Allopiophila luteata (Haliday, 1833), Parapiophila vulgaris (Fallén, 1820), Protopiophila latipes (Meigen, 1838), Stearibia nigriceps (Meigen, 1826), and Neottiophilum praeustum (Meigen, 1826), are recorded from the first time from Ukraine. Two species, Mycetaulus bipunctatus (Fallén, 1823) and Prochyliza nigrimana (Meigen, 1826), have been previously recorded only from Crimea.
Based on previously unpublished specimens from the collection of I. I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology (Kyiv), all the species of the tribe Carpomyini known to occur in Europe and Asia westwards of the Caspian Sea and Afghanistan, are listed. The melon fruit fly, Carrpomya (Myiopardalis) pardalina (Bigot) is recorded for the first time from Ukraine and Europe, and Carpomya (s. str.) vesuviana () for continental Ukraine, based on collection material. Carpomya (Goniglossum) liat (), comb. n., is established as Goniglossum has not been adopted at the genus rank. New records and illustrated keys to species are given.