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Open access

Octav Marius Russu, Andrei Marian Feier, Tudor Sorin Pop, Marcela Todoran and István Gergely

Abstract

Objective: Our purpose was to assess the effect of a new hyaluronic acid-based (Hymovis®) injections on joint space width narrowing in patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis.

Methods: A prospective clinical trial was conducted in the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology II from the Clinical County Hospital, Tîrgu Mureș, Romania. Thirty-five patients diagnosed with idiopathic knee osteoarthritis received two intraarticular injections with hyaluronic acid-based hydrogel (24 mg of hyaluronic acid/3 ml) at one-week interval. Anteroposterior radiographs were obtained before the injections, at six and twelve months after. Minimum joint space width was measured by two senior orthopaedics surgeons at each follow up. Each radiograph was measured again by the same evaluators two weeks apart.

Results: Thirty-one patients were present at the final follow-up. A minor reduction in mean weight was noticed (from 82.2 kg ± 16.2 kg to 80.9 kg ± 16.0, p > 0.398) without any correlation with joint space width narrowing. There were no major changes at the first follow up (6 months) regarding joint space narrowing. A reduction in joint space width was observed however at 12 months varying from 4.4 mm (SD ± 1.64, range 1.8-7.1) at the first assessment to 4.3 mm (SD ± 1.26, range 0.0-6.8) at the final follow-up but with no statistical difference (p=0.237).

Conclusion: No significant modification in joint space width at the final follow-up secondarily proved that two injections of Hymovis® may slow down narrowing in the knee joint space over a one-year period.

Open access

Octav Marius Russu, Andrei Marian Feier, Tudor Sorin Pop, Marcela Todoran and István Gergely

Abstract

Objective: To determine the influence of a new intraarticular hyaluronic acid based hydrogel (Hymovis®) injections on the amount of analgesics consumption in patients diagnosed with primary knee OA.

Methods: A prospective, single-center study that included 35 patients, aged 45-80 years was conducted in our orthopaedics department. Patients received two intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (24 mg/3 ml; 500–730 kDa; Hymovis®) at one week apart. Follow-up was scheduled at 2 and 6 months after the injections. Assessment tools included Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and an in-house designed questionnaire regarding analgesic consumption (quantity, period and product) during the follow-up.

Results: Compared to baseline, a significant amelioration in visual analogue scale was observed at six months’ follow-up (74.2mm ± 11.7 vs. 57.3mm ± 12.1; p <.0001). 28% (n=10) of the patients reduced their total analgesic consumption at two months after the injections. At final follow-up, the analgesic intake was reduced by more than 50% in almost every case.

Conclusions: Intraarticular administered injections with a novel hyaluronan-based hydrogel (Hymovis®) may reduce the amount of analgesic consumption and self-reported pain intensity in patients with knee OA.

Open access

Margit Hidi, Istvan Gergely, Tudor Sorin Pop, Octav Russu, Sandor Zuh and Elod Nagy

Abstract

Objectives. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of immediate weight-bearing versus two weeks delayed weight-bearing following anterior cruciate reconstruction.

Methods. We conducted a prospective observational study on the efficiency of immediate or delayed weight-bearing following anterior cruciate reconstruction. 30 patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction were included in the study. The patients in the first group were allowed the maximum endurance level of weight-bearing on the operated leg from the first postoperative day, resuming normal walking as soon as possible. Patients in group II were barely allowed the loading of the affected limb after 2 weeks postoperatively. Patient assessment was performed preoperatively, immediately after the procedure and postoperatively at 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months.

Results. The average pre- and postoperative values of the arthometric assessment show a statistically significant improvement of joint stability in both groups of patients. There were no significant differences in the development of joint mobility averages between the two groups. Following the evolution of functional test average values, there is a gradual function improvement in both groups of patients. The assessment results at 6 weeks and three months postoperatively shows that patients in the first group are significantly better in comparison with the results of patients in group II. The final evaluation showed no significant differences between the two groups of patients.

Conclusions. The final assessment revealed no statistically significant difference in reported or objectively measured function. We believe that the weight-bearing exercises and the non–weight-bearing exercises are equally effective and safe in the post-ligamentoplasty recovery.

Open access

Mariana Tilinca, Tudor Sorin Pop, Tiberiu Bățagă, Ancuța Zazgyva and Marius Niculescu

Abstract

Obesity is currently a global epidemic, often referred to as “globesity”, impacting the life of millions worldwide. A risk factor for many diseases, obesity can also be linked to developing intra-articular lesions of the knee, affecting the menisci, ligaments and cartilage. Furthermore, obesity has been shown to influence the outcome of surgical interventions, including those of the musculoskeletal system. Although many studies addressed the relationship of obesity and joint replacement, articles relating to arthroscopy and obesity, and knee arthroscopy in particular, are a bit scarcer. The majority of data suggest that an increase in BMI leads to a similar increase in the rates of intra- and postoperative complications, and most authors agree that a higher body mass index can influence both the procedure itself and its outcomes, including the subjective results reported by the patients. Still, some studies show different results, especially in patients that are overweight or with low-grade obesity, where the outcomes are comparable to those of the non-obese population. Thus, it can be concluded that obesity is an important patient characteristic that needs to be taken into consideration when planning, performing, and assessing the results of knee arthroscopy.

Open access

István Gergely, Tudor Sorin Pop, Tiberiu Bățagă, Andrei-Marian Feier, Sándor-György Zuh and Octav Russu

Abstract

Knee osteoarthritis or gonarthrosis is considered the most common joint disease, affecting more than 70% of subjects aged over 65 years. Its occurrence is increasing with age and is more problematic with the current rise in the incidence of obesity. In severe and advanced cases, total knee arthroplasty is recommended as a gold standard therapy for pain relief, restoration of normal knee function, and quality of life improvement. There are numerous controversies whether total knee arthroplasty is able to reach and provide end-point outcomes and restore previous function of the knee joint. Studies suggest that the surgeons’ experience, type of prosthesis used, associated pathology, underlying pathologies, risk factors, continuous passive movement, and patient expectations about the surgery may influence the outcomes to a great extent. “Normal knee function” is a statement that is hardly defined in the current literature, as authors usually refer to subjective results when analyzing outcomes. Objective results may be more straightforward, but they do not always symbolize the actual state that the patient is reporting or the actual quality of life. Our objective was to analyze and present summaries of the current literature regarding normal knee function restoration after total knee replacement surgery. Our literature review results confirm the hypothesis that subjective and objective results are difficult to interpret and unravel. Complex future trials may bring supplementary and clearer conclusions regarding knee function and kinematics, clinical improvement, patient satisfaction, and quality of life.

Open access

Octav Russu, Tiberiu Bățagă, Marcela Todoran, Emilian Ciorcila, Teodora Maria Denisa Popa, Andrei-Marian Feier, Radu Prejbeanu, Radu Fleaca, Mihai Roman, Tudor Sorin Pop and István Gergely

Abstract

Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a commonly performed procedure and considered to be the gold standard in restoring knee function and stability in ACL-deficient knees. The TransLateral all-inside technique implies the use of only two portals – anterolateral and anteromedial, without the use of an accessory portal. The work is done using the lateral portal, while the medial portal serves as a viewing site. Only a few studies have been published regarding the assessment of the functional and clinical outcomes of this novel technique.

Aim of the study: To determine the clinical effectiveness of the TransLateral procedure used for ACL reconstruction and its ability to re-establish joint functionality and stability in ACL-deficient knees.

Material and methods: A prospective study was conducted at the Orthopedics and Traumatology Clinic no. 2 in Tîrgu Mureș. Thirty-two patients matched our inclusion criteria and were operated using the TransLateral technique for ACL reconstruction. Outcome assessment was performed using the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), the Lysholm score and the Tegner Activity Scale. The questionnaires include items referring to pain, physical functioning, sports activities, and quality of life. Operative time and ACL graft size were also documented.

Results: All patients underwent single-bundle ACL restoration using a quadrupled semitendinosus tendon. Out of 32 patients, 21 had associated meniscus lesions and 8 collateral ligament injuries. Mean graft diameter was 8.7 mm and mean length 63.2 mm. Significantly improved KOOS values were found at 12 months post-surgery regarding the mean baseline score: 59.3 ± 5.3 vs. 95.3 ± 4.9, p <0.0001. The Lysholm score improved from a mean of 56.3 ± 4.9 to 93.9 ± 5.6, p <0.0001 at the end-point. The Tegner activity scale ranged from 3.8 ± 1.9 to 5.9 ± 2.4, p <0.0001 at the final follow-up.

Conclusions: The TransLateral technique proved its clinical effectiveness and its ability to restore knee stability after ACL reconstruction surgery.