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  • Author: Trenchea Mihaela x
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Obstructive sleep apnea: from the beginnings, to the risk factors and to occupational medicine assessment

Abstract

Over the last thirty years, the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has begun to be elucidated worldwide due to the presence of standardized diagnostic and treatment. In adults, the clinical diagnosis may be suggestive of OSAS when symptoms like fatigue, lack of concentration, poor work performance, absenteeism, daytime sleepiness, insomnia, snoring, nocturnal respiratory distress or apnea episodes witnessed by others are present. Some medical conditions found in employees’ personal history such as craniofacial abnormalities, some endocrine diseases, arterial hypertension, especially resistant arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, stroke, obesity, diabetes mellitus, cognitive dysfunction or mental disorders may be the alarm signal for OSAS. The assessment of all risk factors, clinical presentation and diagnosis must become an important part of occupational medical examinations and performed in all workers due to its major public health potential and impact on survival. The early identification of OSAS among workers performed by the occupational physician can potentially reduce the risk of work injuries and fatalities. In conclusion, OSAS is a complex entity and an important public health problem. The delay in diagnosis and treatment contributes to the increase of healthcare services demand and implicitly to general mortality.

Open access
Post traumatic painful shoulder – a delayed clinical feature of upper lobe lung cancer in a 74 year-old male. - case report -

ABSTRACT

A 74 year old Caucasian man, presents with a 6 week history of right sided chest pain including traumatic related painful right shoulder. Shoulder minor contusion was diagnosed and partial managed by symptomatic treatment associated to rehabilitation. The pain was initially eased with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use and finally changed worsening. He has evidence of moderate COPD on spirometry and has been commenced on inhalers. An invasive primitive adenocarcinoma lung cancer was confirmed by chest CT scan and lymphnode biopsy through mediastinoscopy

Open access