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Open access

Jarosław Pokaczajło and Tomasz Tasiemski

Abstract

Aim of the study: The aim of the study was the analysis of factors determining health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Material and methods: The study involved 100 persons with SCI dependent on using a wheelchair in everyday life, including 22 females and 78 males. Study conducted using the SF-36 questionnaire used to assess HRQoL.

Results: Based on the statistical analysis of the collected research material it has been shown highly significant correlations between the physical and mental dimensions of HRQoL and age at the day of injury and age at the day of the survey. There were also highly significant differences in the physical dimension of HRQoL due to the following variables: clinical pattern of injury, marital status, level of education and participation/non-participation in the active rehabilitation camp. In the case of the mental dimension of the HRQoL there was a significant variation due to the same variables with the exception of clinical pattern of SCI.

Conclusions: Based on the undertaken research it was shown that people with higher levels of HRQoL are characterized by: lower age at the time of the study, lower age at the time of injury, long time since injury, paraplegia, marital status – single, secondary/higher level of education and participation in the active rehabilitation camps in the past.

Open access

Zofia Kasińska and Tomasz Tasiemski

Abstract

Introduction: Sport for people with disabilities has interested scientists for a long time. However, there is a scarcity of research on the subject of amputee football – football adapted to individuals after amputations. The aim of the study was to describe this sport and to review research carried out in this field so far.

When looking for investigations on amputee football, the available computer databases (Academic Search Complete, SPORTdiscus, MEDLINE, Health Source, Master-FILE Premier) were searched comprehensively. The following key words were used to identify proper articles: amputee football, football + amputations, crutch football. Also, the following article inclusion criteria were applied: (A) original scientific paper, (B) available full text of paper, (C) paper published in a peer-reviewed journal, (D) paper published in the English language. Eleven articles that met the criteria were selected for the analysis.

Description of amputee football: The description of amputee football included the history of the sport in the world and in Poland, rules of the game and players’ classification.

Amputee football in research: The articles selected for the review were divided into three categories: 1) psychological and social aspects, 2) anthropomotorics and nutrition, 3) endurance, physical capacity and speed abilities. .

Summary: The majority of studies carried out so far have focused on general characteristics of amputee football players and the effects of this sport on the functioning of individuals after amputations. Future studies ought to involve injury-related aspects as well as training effectiveness on the basis of physiological parameters.

Open access

Jakub Łabudzki and Tomasz Tasiemski

Abstract

Purpose. Physical activity (PA) is known to have a positive influence on many physical and psychological aspects of human life. Despite the many benefits of an active lifestyle, the majority of adults in Western Europe do not perform regular PA, and this is especially so for adults with a disability, such as the blind and visually impaired. The purpose of this study was to assess the type and intensity of physical activity and subjective quality of life (life satisfaction) of blind and visually impaired individuals living in Poland and to analyze for potential differences in terms of their physical activity levels. Method. The short form International Physical Activity Questionnaire and the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire were administered to a sample of eighty-two individuals (mean age 38 years) with varying degrees of vision loss. Results. The study found that more than 50% of the respondents were classified as being highly active and that the total sample was “rather satisfied” with life “as a whole”. The level of PA performed was significantly positively correlated with the level of life satisfaction. Conclusions. PA increases the subjective quality of life in blind and visually impaired individuals.

Open access

Jarosław Pokaczajło, Tomasz Tasiemski and Piotr Urbański

Abstract

Introduction: Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes dysfunction of many basic functions of a human body (e.g. sensory and motor paralysis) and may result in the occurrence of dangerous health complications (e.g. bedsores) which may contribute to a decrease in the quality of life in individuals with such injuries. In order to adjust to a new situation, persons with SCI have to acquire proper knowledge regarding pathophysiology of SCI, medical and social effects of the injury and, in particular, prevention of post-injury complications. Therefore, this study sought to assess the relationship between knowledge about health status and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in individuals with SCI.

Material and methods: The study included 100 persons with SCI (22 females and 78 males) who use a wheelchair in their everyday life. The following tools were employed in the study: 1) the test of the knowledge about health status for persons with SCI and 2) the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) used to assess HRQoL.

Results: Statistical analysis revealed a significant correlation between the knowledge about health status and a physical measure (p=0.019) as well as a mental measure (p=0.004) of HRQoL. A highly significant correlation was observed between the knowledge about health status and role limitations due to physical health problems (p=0.001), role limitations due to emotional problems (p=0.002) as well as mental health (p=0.001). Moreover, a significant correlation was noted between the knowledge about health status and general health perceptions (p=0.025) and vitality (p=0.017).

Conclusions: The knowledge about health status is a significant variable that determines HRQoL in individuals with SCI. This factor manifests a significant correlation with mental and physical measures of HRQoL.

Open access

Tomasz Tasiemski, Maciej Wilski and Kamila Mędak

An Assessment of Athletic Identity in Blind and Able-Bodied Tandem Cyclists

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the athletic identity (AI) of blind and able-bodied tandem cyclists and explore its relationship to selected variables. An additional objective of this study was to analyze the reliability of the seven-item Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS) for tandem cyclists. Methods. The participants (N = 50) completed measures of AI, variables characterizing their loss of vision (degree and time of loss) and variables characterizing their sports level (the number of hours of training per week and sports experience). Results. The AI level of able-bodied tandem captains is significantly higher than the level in visually impaired athletes. Blind tandem cyclists were found to be a fairly homogeneous group according to AI. There were no differences in AI and the degree and time of vision loss, the number of hours of training per week and when a cycling license was received. Psychometric analysis showed that AIMS is a reliable and consistent research tool in the evaluation of AI of tandem cyclists. Conclusions. The findings suggest that there is a need to increase the involvement of blind cyclists in the sport as well as their responsibility for sports results.

Open access

Tomasz Tasiemski, Monika Kujawa and Jarosław Pokaczajło

Jakość życia kobiet po mastektomii

Celem pracy była ocena obiektywnej oraz subiektywnej jakości życia kobiet po mastektomii. W badaniu udział wzięły 53 kobiety, u których średni wiek w dniu badania wyniósł 57 lat. Do badania wykorzystano ankietę zawierającą pytania dotyczące obiektywnej jakości życia oraz Kwestionariusz Satysfakcji Życiowej oceniający subiektywną jakość życia. Badania wykazały, że kobiety po mastektomii są usatysfakcjonowane ze swojego życia, szczególnie z relacji z przyjaciółmi i znajomymi. Badania wykazały również, że kobiety po mastektomii częściej wybierają pasywne formy spędzania czasu wolnego, takie jak oglądanie telewizji (64,2%), niż formy aktywne, np. podróżowanie (43,4%). Aktywność zawodowa u badanych osób spadła o 43,4% w stosunku do sytuacji przed chorobą. Głównymi determinantami ogólnej satysfakcji życiowej badanych kobiet był poziom zadowolenia z życia seksualnego oraz sposobu spędzania czasu wolnego.

Open access

Joanna Bauerfeind, Magdalena Koper, Jacek Wieczorek, Piotr Urbański and Tomasz Tasiemski

Abstract

The aim of the study was to analyze etiology and the incidence of sports injuries among wheelchair rugby players. Moreover, we verified if the levels of aggressiveness and anger presented by the athletes and their roles in the team influenced the incidence and severity of the injuries. The study involved 14 male players, members of the Polish National Wheelchair Rugby Team. During a 9-month period, the athletes participated in up to 9 training camps and 4 Wheelchair Rugby tournaments. The study was based on the Competitive Aggressiveness and Anger Scale, registry of sports injuries consulted and non-consulted with a physician and a demographic questionnaire. The following observations were made during the 9-month period corresponding to a mean of 25 training and tournament days: 1) wheelchair rugby players experienced primarily minor injuries (n=102) that did not require a medical intervention, 2) only four injuries needed to be consulted by a physician, 3) sports injuries occurred more frequently among offensive players than in defensive players, 4) offensive players showed a tendency to higher levels of anger and aggressiveness than defensive players. It can be concluded that wheelchair rugby is a discipline associated with a high incidence of minor injuries that do not require a medical intervention. The incidence rate of injuries during the analyzed period was 0.3 per athlete per training day.

Open access

Tomasz Tasiemski and Joanna Bauerfeind

Abstract

Purpose. The main purpose of this study was to design and perform a preliminary psychometric analysis of a measure in the subjective assessment of sports success in wheelchair rugby (WR). An additional objective of this study was to assess potential differences in the subjective assessment of sports success between rugby players who play in the first and second Polish Wheelchair Rugby League (PWRL). Methods. Thirty WR players who played in the first (n = 11) and second PWRL (n = 19) completed the newly-created Subjective Assessment of Sports Success in Wheelchair Rugby (SASS-WR) scale and a questionnaire collecting demographic, career, and sports training data. Results. The SASS-WR scale was found to be a valid and reliable measure of sports success in WR. The final version consists of 12 items defining four dimensions of sports success: (1) Individual Sports Success of the Player, (2) National Sports Success of the Team, (3) International Sports Success of the Team, (4) Social and Personal Success of the Player. The players in the first league were significantly more focused on achieving individual sports success as well as having their team achieve national and international sports success when compared with the players in the second league. Social and personal success (the fourth dimension of the SASS-WR) was more important for the second league players than first league players, although this difference was not significant. Conclusions. The findings suggest that the SASS-WR scale can serve as a valuable diagnostic tool in assessing sports success among WR players.