The paper undertakes the problem of managing exploitation support of aviation equipment in terms of spare parts and subassemblies taking into account variable conditions, resulting from different intensity of aircraft and helicopter operation. It covers the practical aspects of planning stocks of material resources in connection with the applicable operating systems and failure of aircraft at the airbase level. By using statistical elements and probabilistic models it indicates the possibility of increasing the availability of parts and aircraft components, which in the long run will make a positive impact on the level of equipment technical efficiency. The article points to the need to minimize the expenditure involved and to avoid redundant, useless aircraft spare parts and components. Therefore, it is aimed at increasing the efficiency of material management, improving safety and developing exploitation systems in terms of technical reliability.