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  • Author: Timea Szakács Xantus x
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Szakacs Xantus Timea, Varga Andreea, Bocicor Andreea Elena, R Tatar and I Tilea

Abstract

Background: Left non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) or “spongy myocardium” is a relatively rare primary genetic cardiomyopathy, characterized by prominent wall trabeculations and intertrabecular recesses which communicate with the ventricular cavity. It appears in isolated form or coexists with other congenital heart diseases and/or systemic abnormalities. Material and method: A 28-year-old woman was admitted with exertional dyspnoea, palpitations, non-specific chest pain and progressive fatigue on exertion. In her family history sudden cardiac-related deaths at young age are present. Cardiovascular system examination revealed tachycardia, intermittent extrabeats. The rest EKG showed sinusal tachycardia (105 bpm), negative T-waves in DII, DIII, aVF, V4-V6. Consecutive 24 hours Holter EKG monitoring revealed nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, isolated ventricular extrasystoles. Echocardiography showed left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVEF:30-35%), slight LV enlargement, normal right ventricle and small left ventricle (LV) trabeculae in the apical area. Cardiac MRI demonstrated dilated LV and the presence of the trabeculations of LV walls suggestive for non-compaction cardiomyopathy. A combined treatment for heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias was initiated with good clinical results. Patient was scheduled for an implantable cardioverter defibrillator “life-saving”. Conclusions: The symptoms of heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias should be considered important in apparently healthy young patients. Besides intensive medical treatment is indicated the implantation of an ICD “life-saving” and in advanced cases heart transplantation. Even if the electrocardiographic findings are non specific for noncompaction, a complete diagnostic evaluation is important, including sophisticated imaging techniques, a screening of first-degree relatives, and an extensive clinical, and genetic appreciation by a multidisciplinary team.

Open access

Varga Andreea, Szakacs Xantus Timea, Gliga Mirela, Podoleanu Cristian Gheorghe Calin, Bocicor Andreea Elena, Carasca Emilian and Tilea Ioan

Abstract

Background: Young adults meeting hypertension diagnostic criteria have a lower prevalence of a hypertension diagnosis. Headache is a rather common symptom among young people. Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is an idiopathic, segmental, nonatherosclerotic and noninflammatory disease of the muscular tunica of arterial walls, leading to stenosis of small and medium-sized arteries. Fibromuscular dysplasia is much more common than previously thought and is a treatable cause of secondary hypertension.

Case presentation: We present the case of an 18 y.o. young woman, with headache and high blood pressure. “White coat hypertension” was suspected. Clinical history with abrupt onset and increasingly difficult to treat hypertension especially in women, were suggestive for renal artery stenosis. Renal ultrasound and digital subtraction angiography confirmed the aspect of FMD. Sequential percutaneous renal artery angioplasty was later performed with improved evolution both from the clinical point of view and controlled blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg with minimal antihypertensive regimen. Angio CT exam of neck and brain arteries was performed, no other FMD typical lesions were identified.

Conclusions: Medical treatment is first indicated for the hypertensive patient. In this particular case percutaneous renal artery angioplasty showed significant improvement in reduction of antihypertensive treatment in a young patient with secondary hypertension. Further monitoring and management of this patient will include blood pressure measurements at 3-month intervals and renal function measurements annual, as well as non-invasive duplex ultrasonography at 12-month intervals, follow-up is indefinite. It remains challenging whether the patient can be medically managed on antihypertensive medication alone.

Open access

Ioan Țilea, Daniela Saveta Popa, Timea Szakács Xantus, Daniela Primejdie, Bianca Grigorescu, Brîndușa Țilea, Andreea Elena Bocicor and Andreea Varga

Abstract

A high-throughput liquid chromatography method with detection by tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed and validated for the quantification of apixaban in human plasma. The separation was performed on a Gemini-NX column under isocratic conditions using a 33:67 (v/v) mixture of acetonitrile and 1 mM ammonium formate in water at 40 ºC with a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min. The detection of apixaban was performed in multiple reaction monitoring mode (m/z 417.2 from m/z 460.2) with electrospray positive ionization. A single-step protein precipitation with methanol was used for plasma sample preparation. The method was validated with respect to selectivity, linearity (r > 0.994), intra-day and inter-day precision (CV < 14.4 %) and accuracy (bias < 9.5 %) over the range of 9.70 - 970.00 ng/mL plasma. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 9.70 ng/mL and the recovery was between 97.4 - 104.5 %. The method is fast, efficient, requires the processing of a small volume of plasma (50 μL), a short run-time (1 min) for chromatographic analysis, and a simple and rapid preparation of samples. It is very well suited for clinical therapeutic drug monitoring and pharmacokinetic studies.