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  • Author: Tian Xu x
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Hepatocyte steatosis increases the expression of adhesion molecules in endothelial cells

Abstract

Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is considered a hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome. It is associated with endothelial dysfunction as an early event of generalized atherosclerosis. However, it is unclear whether steatotic hepatocytes influence endothelial function directly. Objective: Explore the influence of hepatocyte steatosis on the function of endothelial cells. Methods: Oleic and palmitic acid (2:1 mixture, final concentration: 1 mM for 24 hours) was used to induce a normal adult hepatocyte strain (L-02) for transformation into steatosis cells. This was followed by oil red O staining and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for verification. The culture solution of steatotic L-02 cells was filtered and collected, and added into the culture substrate of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The expression of vascular cellular adhesion molecule -1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and E-selectin in HUVECs was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot assays. The apoptosis and proliferation of HUVECs was determined using flow cytometry. The experimental results were compared with the controls. Results: Oil red O staining and microscopic observation showed that the cytoplasm of induced L-02 cells contained a large amount of red lipid droplets. TEM results showed that the cytoplasm had lipid accumulation, swelling mitochondria, fewer cristae, and reduced number of rough endoplasmic reticula accompanied with degranulation. However, these changes were not observed in normal L-02 cells. As to the group of HUVECs treated by the filtrate of steatosis L-02 cells, the mRNA and protein expression of VCAM-1, ICAM-1, and E-selectin was higher than that in the control group. The difference was statistically significant (p <0.01). No significant difference was found when HUVECs apoptosis and proliferation were assessed by flow cytometry. Conclusion: Secretion from steatotic hepatocytes could boost the expression of VCAM-1, ICAM-1, and E-selectin in endothelial cells, indicating that hepatocyte steatosis could induce endothelial cell dysfunction. The proliferation and apoptosis of endothelial cells did not change, suggesting that hepatocyte steatosis had no influence on the viability of endothelial cells under this condition.

Open access
Fault Prognosis of Hydraulic Pump Based on Bispectrum Entropy and Deep Belief Network

Abstract

Fault prognosis plays a key role in the framework of Condition-Based Maintenance (CBM). Limited by the inherent disadvantages, most traditional intelligent algorithms perform not very well in fault prognosis of hydraulic pumps. In order to improve the prediction accuracy, a novel methodology for fault prognosis of hydraulic pump based on the bispectrum entropy and the deep belief network is proposed in this paper. Firstly, the bispectrum features of vibration signals are analyzed, and a bispectrum entropy method based on energy distribution is proposed to extract the effective feature for prognostics. Then, the Deep Belief Network (DBN) model based on the Restrict Boltzmann Machine (RBM) is proposed as the prognostics model. For the purpose of accurately predicting the trends and the random fluctuations during the performance degradation of the hydraulic pump, the Quantum Particle Swarm Optimization (QPSO) is introduced to search for the optimal value of initial parameters of the network. Finally, analysis of the hydraulic pump degradation experiment demonstrates that the proposed algorithm has a satisfactory prognostics performance and is feasible to meet the requirements of CBM.

Open access
Risk Assessment of Tunnel Portals in the Construction Stage Based on Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process

Abstract

This study presents a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) by integrating analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and fuzzy cognition to evaluate the construction risks of tunnel portals. Wuguanyi Tunnel is taken as the research objective to validate the performance of the proposed method. The result shows that the proposed decision making method can effectively identify risk factors and determine the risk level during the construction of tunnel portals. Finally, the corresponding control measures during the construction of the Wuguanyi Tunnel portal are proposed according to the risk assessment results.

Open access
The Diagnostic Value of Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Detecting CNS Diseases Among Advanced AIDS Patients

Abstract

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of brain magnetic resonance imaging in detecting central nervous system diseases among AIDS patients of different levels of T cells.

Methods Total of 164 AIDS patients who did not receive antiviral treatment were divided into 2 groups according to their baseline CD4+ T cell counts. Group A had CD4+ T cell below or equal to 50 cells/μl (n = 81) and group B had CD4+ T cells over 50 cells/μl (n = 83). All patients underwent brain MRI scan. Imaging analysis and the prevalence of the central nervous system disorders were compared between two groups.

Results Among them 48 cases were found of abnormal brain MRI, group A was higher than group B (35.8% vs. 22.9%) although without statistical significance (P = 0.065). Altogether 48 cases were diagnosed as AIDS related central nervous system disorders based on clinical symptoms, signs and laboratory findings. The prevalence of CNS disorders was higher in group A than in group B (41.9% vs. 16.8%) with statistical significance (P < 0.01).

Conclusions The patients with CD4+ T cell count less than or equal to 50 cells/μl had high prevalence of CNS diseases. Brain MRI plays an important role in the diagnosis and differentiation of CNS diseases in advanced AIDS patients. This study suggests patients with low CD4+ T cell count (≤ 50/μl) should routinely undergo MRI examination.

Open access
The canopy rainfall interception in actual and potential distribution of Qinghai spruce (Picea crassifolia) forest

Abstract

Interception is one of the most underestimated processes in hydrological cycle in arid and semiarid regions. In Qilian Mountains of northwestern arid and semiarid China, the Qinghai spruce (Picea crassifolia) forest plays an important role in the hydrological cycle of the inland Heihe River basin. The historical disturbance of Qinghai spruce forest has resulted in various ecological problems. In order to realize the sustainable development of Heihe River basin, the Chinese government implemented restoration practices for Qinghai spruce in the past three decades. In this study, we estimated the rainfall interception in the actual and potential distribution of Qinghai spruce forest. Some of the important findings include: (1) The interception ratio of rainfall events ranged from 11-51% with a mean value of 27.02%; (2) Totally, 147 Mt of rainfall is intercepted by canopy of actual Qinghai spruce forest, in the projected potential distribution of the forest, totally 407 Mt of rainfall will be intercepted.

Open access
Differential expression of miR-145, miR-429 and its target genes in partial reproductive tissues of swine with high and low litter size

Abstract

To justify the function of miRNAs in reproductive regulation in swine, the expression of miR-145, miR-429 and their related genes were studied in reproductive tissues of sows. Wannan black pig and Yorkshire pigs with extremely high (n=6) and low (n=6) litter size were sampled, and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was performed on tissue samples from ovaries, uterus, oviduct, hypothalamus, and pituitary. The results indicated that miR-145, miR-429, and zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 gene (ZEB1) were expressed significantly different in Wannan black pig and Yorkshire pigs. In pigs with different fecundity, miR-145 in the uterus was expressed significantly lower in pigs with high litter size, than in pigs with low litter size. The miR-429 expression in the oviduct and pituitary of pigs with high litter size was significantly higher compared with tissues sampled from pigs with low litter size. The ZEB1 expression in the pituitary was lower in pigs with high litter size in comparison to pigs with low litter size, while luteinizing hormone beta subunit (LHβ) showed the opposite pattern of expression. In conclusion, miR-145 and miR-429 were differently expressed in pigs with high and low litter size and might have a role in affecting litter size of sows.

Open access
Evaluation on Common Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease Treated by Integrative Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) combined with Western medicine in the treatment of patients with common hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) by conducting a prospective, controlled, and randomized trial.

Methods A total of 452 patients with common HFMD were randomly assigned to receive Western medicine alone (n = 220) or combined with TCM (Reduning or Xiyanping injections) (n = 232). The primary outcome was the incidence rate of rash/herpes disappearance within 5 days, while secondary outcomes included the incidence rate for fever, cough, lethargy, agitation, and vomiting clearance within 5 days.

Results The rash/herpes disappearance rate was 45.5% (100/220) in Western medicine therapy group, and 67.2% (156/232) in TCM and Western medicine combined therapy group, with significant difference (P < 0.001). Moreover, TCM remarkably increased the incidence rate of secondary disappearance, which was 56.4% in Western medicine therapy group and 71.4% in TCM and Western medicine combined therapy group (P = 0.001). No drug-related adverse events were observed.

Conclusions It’s suggested that the integrative TCM and Western medicine therapy achieved a better therapeutic efficacy. TCM may become an important complementary therapy on relieving the symptoms of HFMD.

Open access