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  • Author: Tatiana Karkoszka x
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Abstract

The increasing worldwide energy consumption, especially in the industry range, forces the companies to search for the solutions, which – being written into sustainable development philosophy – would allow for reducing the level of the energy consumption of the realised processes and lowering the costs of their functioning. Those activities can be undertaken in the systemic way, very often based on the implementation of the energy management system, they can also have the character of technical or technological modernisation. Fundament of the decision concerning the manner of the minimisation of energy consumption should always be the energy risk management covering: its identification, evaluation and acceptability assessment. The studies proposed the principles for defining the significant energy aspects by the full identification of all the present aspects and next the development of unified methodology of their assessment, allowing for appointing the key aspects. The starting point constitutes the energy risk ratio, which takes into consideration the following criteria: probability of the occurrence, significance of the occurrence, ability to monitor, incompatibility with legal requirements, and the interest and attention of the stakeholders. Flexibility of the applied method enables complex application in every organisation – independently of its size and sort of the realised processes – which wants to manage the risky energy aspects.

Abstract

The need of ensure the safety in the realised industrial processes results directly from their negative influence both on environment and workers’ health, and, as a result – the associated material losses. Safety management must be based on the risk management, results of which are the basis of risk acceptability assessment and taking action of the systemic character directed on risk minimisation. Those actions should guarantee technical condition of the used technological installations and monitoring and control equipment as well as organisational solutions, which in the effective manner are going to minimise the probability of occurrence of environmental and occupational accidents, and – in the case of their occurrence – minimise the influences. Therefore research on the practical solutions of process safety assurance, both in the regular conditions of work and in the time of the emergency are of the crucial meaning. That is why the value of the paper is being constituted by the authorial model of operational control, which aim is to guarantee the process safety from the perspective of the both: technical and occupational safety. The worked out model is the systemic tool giving the guidelines of operational management and allowing for the homogeneous management in the range of environmental safety and occupational safety and on the basis of – being the fundamental element of the model – risk management. The worked out model can be implemented in case of any organisation which wants to assure the safety of the realised processes by risk and system management.

Abstract

Assurance of the supervised conditions in all processes affects directly both products and users safety and environmental influence. ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 standards in Operation point require from organisations to implement and control the planned processes by establishing processes’ criteria, assuring the supervised conditions and verifying processes’ conformity. Moreover, in Planning section it is required to plan the processes with the consideration of quality and environmental risk. Therefore research on the practical solutions of operational planning and control in the production processes are of the crucial meaning, especially from the perspective of the integrated fulfilment of the requirements. That is why the value of the paper is being constituted by the authorial methodology of identification of the key-operational criteria, including integrated risk assessment, using the computer support and being a starting point for assurance of the supervised conditions in the key-processes of high risk. The worked out methodology has been implemented in the processes of performance and completing the stirrups, which quality is of the huge influence on the work safety of the mine roadway supports in the mine workings. The aim of the analysis was to identify the operational parameters in the stirrups technological process, to estimate their meaning and to point at the key operational criteria from the point of fulfilling the quality and environmental requirements. Practical implication of the proposed methodology can be applied in case of any organisation which wants to improve the realised processes ensuring the computer supported supervised conditions.