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  • Author: Tamer Rizaoğlu x
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Fire Behaviors of the Geomaterial-Based Composite Plaster Coated Building Thermal Isolation Plates

Abstract

Thermal insulation in buildings has been a problem for mankind throughout history. New materials have always been used in this context, and every new material has negative aspects such as environmental, economic and engineering. Although the building exterior insulation materials produced in recent years have made significant progress in terms of thermal comfort, but those with superior properties in resistance to fire are very limited. In this study, considering the environmental sensitivity, the plasters produced from the sands of arenitized granite, micaschist, pumice and expanded perlite rocks and their combinations were applied on expanded polystyrene (EPS), extruded polystyrene (XPS) foams and mineral wool for investigating the fire behaviors of each material. As a result of fire tests, it was observed that the most positive values were gained from micaschist based external isolation board, whereas the board obtained from arenitized granite gave the most negative values. With the combination of natural and environmentally friendly materials such as micaschist, perlite and pumice, on a fire resistant insulation material such as mineral wool, a highly fire resistant, environmentally sensitive and economical insulation material can be produced.

Open access
Thermo-physical characteristics of acrylic-based building external isolation panels produced from different geological materials

Abstract

Here we describe a new type of environmentally sensitive insulation panels which can be used on exteri-or wall surfaces to minimize all the negative aspects of existing coating materials by taking advantage of natural rock properties. We investigate the decorative characteristics and insulation performance of this new product, obtained by applying materials from different lithologies to Expanded Polystyrene Surfaces (EPS). First, a mortar with 25% acrylic and 75% sand was applied to the EPS by a stripping method using sand size materials from various lithologies (granite, micaschist, basalt, quartzite, and pumice). To determine the optimum thickness, insulation panels containing plaster of 2, 4, 6, and 8 mm thickness were prepared for each lithology. Their thermal conductivity coefficient, bending and compressive strength were tested. Predictably, thermal conductivity coefficient yielded lowest values in 2 mm panels and highest in 8 mm panels for all lithologies. The bending strength also increased proportionaly with thickness. In the compressive strength tests, the highest values were measured for the 2 mm panels while relatively low values were obtained for the 4, 6 and 8 mm panels, except for the micaschist and basalt-based panels. As a result, basalt and pumice offer superior features in the three measured parameters, so, it is expected that different combinations of these two lithologies would offer positive features. In this context, considering its high fire resistance and low thermal conductivity coefficient perpendicular to the planar surface of muscovites, micaschist is the third lithology that can be utilized with the two materials mentioned above. Compared with previous materials, the products investigated in this study are cost effective because they reduce paint costs, application time and total building load. The geomaterials also have aesthetic appeal.

Open access
Literature Research in the Field of Technology Assessment Using a Tool of a Systematic Literature Review

Abstract

The article presents the results of literature research in the field of Technology Assessment (TA). In particular, the attention was focused on searching for trends determining the directions of development of this research area. Research gaps constituting the basis for undertaking new cognitive challenges were identified. As a research method, a systematic review of literature was adopted, the methodology of which was described in the first part of the article. The analysis includes a total of 1788 TA-related scientific articles available in Google Scholar and BazTech databases. The practical part of the article presents fragments of literature research and an attempt to define the concepts of Technology Assessment on their basis. The collected research material showed a high degree of variation in the scope of definitions and the research area covered by TA. This indicates the need to conduct further research in this area for the purpose of clarifying the research area which TA deals with. It is legitimate to say that the development of research in this area is necessary due to the increasing impact of technology on society.

Open access
The concept of hard coal mine in the perspective of Industry 4.0

Abstract

For the Polish economy, hard coal is the basic raw material for the production of electricity and heat, guaranteeing energy security. To ensure safe and effective work in underground mines, the most modern technical solutions are implemented. Innovative achievements of production automation are increasingly being used. Introduction of the Industry 4.0 concept elements is an opportunity for: improvement of coal exploitation processes, use of IT tools supporting decision-making processes and ensuring real-time process management. However, the specificity of the mining environment poses many barriers, for example limitations resulting from geology, extent and volume of excavations, device mobility and telecommunications. The article describes mining threats and limitations as well as the current technical condition of Polish mining. The latest trends in mining development are described in line with the ideas of the fourth industrial revolution. The main goal of the article is to analyze the feasibility of implementing Industry 4.0 concept solutions for underground mining. The analysis was performed with a tabular descriptive method, based on the conducted mining documentation, own observations, surveys and literature research. The indicated limitations and recommendations developed can serve as a guide to further scientific research and implementations in this area.

Open access