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Tadeusz Szelangiewicz and Katarzyna Żelazny

Mean long-term service parameters of transport ship propulsion system: Part I Screw propeller service parameters of transport ship sailing on a given shipping route

During ship sailing on a given shipping route in real weather conditions all propulsion system performance parameters of the ship change along with changes of instantaneous total resistance and speed of the ship. In this paper results of calculations are presented of distribution function and mean statistical values of screw propeller thrust, rotational speed and efficiency as well as propulsion engine power output and specific fuel oil consumption occurring on selected shipping routes. On this basis new guidelines for ship propulsion system design procedure are formulated.

Open access

Tomasz Abramowski and Tadeusz Szelangiewicz

Numerical analysis of influence of selected elements on effectiveness of streamline rudder

During designing steering gear for large fast transport ships (e.g. container carriers), shipowners usually put forward strong demands concerning ship manoeuvrability. It means that streamline rudders should be characterized by a high effectiveness, i.e. fast increasing values of lifting force in function of rudder angle and large values of lifting force related to rudder area. As gabarites of streamline rudder depend on a form and draught of stern part of ship's hull, an improvement of rudder effectiveness can be reached by an appropriate selection of rudder profile and application of additional elements to rudder blade.

This paper presents results of numerical investigations (by using CFD methods) of hydrodynamic forces acting on rudder blades of the same gabarites but based on different profiles. Such calculations were also performed for selected rudder blades fitted with additional elements intended for the improving of rudder effectiveness.

Open access

Tadeusz Szelangiewicz and Katarzyna Żelazny

Mean long-term service parameters of transport ship propulsion system: Part II Propulsion engine service parameters of transport ship sailing on a given shipping route

During ship sailing on a given shipping route in real weather conditions all propulsion system performance parameters of the ship change along with changes of instantaneous total resistance and speed of the ship. In this paper results of calculations are presented of distribution function and mean statistical values of screw propeller thrust, rotational speed and efficiency as well as propulsion engine power output and specific fuel oil consumption occurring on selected shipping routes. On this basis new guidelines for ship propulsion system design procedure are formulated.

Open access

Tadeusz Szelangiewicz and Katarzyna Żelazny

Abstract

During operation of the ship, fuel consumption and associated emissions are very important for economic and ecological reasons. The fuel consumption is greatly influenced by the choice of shipping route, weather conditions on these routes and engine control criteria. The article presents its own algorithm for forecasting ship operation parameters, including fuel consumption on selected shipping routes for average, statistical (seasonal) weather parameters occurring on these routes. It shows what factors have the main impact on fuel consumption and how you can affect fuel consumption during the cruise in changing weather conditions.

Open access

Tadeusz Szelangiewicz and Tomasz Abramowski

Numerical analysis of influence of ship hull form modification on ship resistance and propulsion characteristics

After signing ship building contract shipyard's design office orders performance of ship resistance and propulsion model tests aimed at, apart from resistance measurements, also determination of ship speed, propeller rotational speed and propulsion engine power for the designed ship, as well as improvement of its hull form, if necessary. Range of ship hull modifications is practically very limited due to cost and time reasons. Hence numerical methods, mainly CFD ones are more and more often used for such tests. In this paper consisted of 3 parts, are presented results of numerical calculations of hull resistance, wake and efficiency of propeller operating in non-homogenous velocity field, performed for research on 18 hull versions of B573 ship designed and built by Szczecin Nowa Shipyard.

Open access

Tomasz Abramowski and Tadeusz Szelangiewicz

Numerical analysis of influence of ship hull form modification on ship resistance and propulsion characteristics

After signing ship building contract shipyard's design office orders performance of ship resistance and propulsion model tests aimed at, apart from resistance measurements, also determination of ship speed, propeller rotational speed and propulsion engine power for the designed ship, as well as improvement of its hull form, if necessary. Range of ship hull modifications is practically very limited due to cost and time reasons. Hence numerical methods, mainly CFD ones are more and more often used for such tests. In this paper consisted of three parts, are presented results of numerical calculations of hull resistance, wake and efficiency of propeller operating in non-homogenous velocity field, performed for research on 18 hull versions of B573 ship designed and built by Szczecin Nowa Shipyard.

Open access

Tadeusz Szelangiewicz and Katarzyna Żelazny

Abstract

While operating the ship, one of the most important tasks is forecasting the ocean route. For this purpose, the speed characteristics of the ship are used, which are used in specialized computer systems and presented in publications. However, published algorithms for speed (or decrease of speed) calculations of a ship in real weather conditions on given routes are very simplified and do not contain all the relevant parameters related to the ship’s hull (affecting its resistance when sailing, eg on waves), its propulsion and weather conditions. The article presents its own, more detailed mathematical model of the speed of the ship, and the performed calculations of speed of the ship were compared with the algorithms available in the literature and with the records from the ship’s log.

Open access

Tadeusz Szelangiewicz and Katarzyna Żelazny

Calculation of the mean long-term service speed of transport ship: Part II Service speed of ship sailing on regular shipping route in real weather conditions

Service speed obtainable by a ship in real weather conditions when sailing on a given shipping route, is one of the major parameters which have great impact on ship operation costs. The so far used, very approximate method of service speed prediction based on "service margin", is very little exact. In this paper a new method based on additional ship resistance dependent on mean statistical parameters of wave and wind occurring on a given shipping route, is presented. The mean long-term service speed is calculated on the basis of the calculated additional resistance and the screw propeller and propulsion engine parameters. Also, a new definition of service margin and a way of its calculation is presented apart from the results of the mean service speed calculation depending on ship's type and size and shipping route.

Open access

Tadeusz Szelangiewicz and Katarzyna Żelazny

Calculation of the mean long-term service speed of transport ship: Part III Influence of shipping route and ship parameters on its service speed

Service speed obtainable by a ship in real weather conditions when sailing on a given shipping route, is one of the major parameters which have great impact on ship operation costs. The so far used, very approximate method of service speed prediction based on "service margin", is very little exact. In this paper a new method based on additional ship resistance dependent on mean statistical parameters of wave and wind occurring on a given shipping route, is presented. The mean long-term service speed is calculated on the basis of the calculated additional resistance and the screw propeller and propulsion engine parameters. Also, a new definition of service margin and a way of its calculation is presented apart from the results of the mean service speed calculation depending on ship's type and size and shipping route.

Open access

Tadeusz Szelangiewicz and Katarzyna Żelazny

Abstract

While operating the ship, one of the most important tasks is forecasting the ocean route. The vessel’s speed characteristics are used to predict the route. Commonly used are very simplified algorithms for calculating those characteristics in which only a few basic ship parameters are used. The article presents a more detailed mathematical model for forecasting the speed of the ship in real weather conditions. This model requires more detailed geometric data of the ship and its propulsion (propeller and propulsion engine), but this data is available for operating ships.