The effects of changes in Global climate on the prolonging time and the frequency of the periods of very high outside air temperature at summer were shown in the paper with particular emphasis on European moderate climate countries. In these countries, residential buildings, are usually equipped neither in air conditioning equipment, nor in ordinary window blinds. As the most promising solution it is suggested to resign completely or partially from ground slab thermal insulation, directly utilizing ground heat storage capacity. The paper includes detailed simulations on potential effect of various kind of floor construction and actions preventing high indoor air temperatures in building approach on air temperature inside the one-storey, passive residential buildings during consecutive days of very high outdoor temperature and total energy used yearly for additional heating and air conditioning.
Anna Staszczuk, Tadeusz Kuczyński, Magdalena Wojciech and Piotr Ziembicki
The paper provides verification of 3D transient ground-coupled model to calculation of heat exchange between ground and typical one-storey, passive residential building. The model was performed with computer software WUFI®plus and carried out to estimate the indoor air temperatures during extending hot weather periods. For verifying the results of calculations performed by the WUFI®plus software, the most recent version of EnergyPlus software version was used. Comparison analysis of calculation results obtained with the two above mentioned calculation method was made for two scenarios of slab on ground constructions: without thermal insulation and with thermal insulation under the whole slab area. Comprehensive statistical analysis was done including time series analysis and descriptive statistics parameters.
Stanisław Bocheński, Anna Bocheńska-Skałecka and Tadeusz Kuczyński
A comprehensive design of a building along with the development of a surrounding land may counterbalance the tendency of housing estates comprising houses built on the basis of “ready-made projects” - which have no references to the existing urban tissue and which do not create a new one. In the first place, the energy intensity of buildings using the so-called passive methods should be lowered, and only then active systems should be applied, considering economic balance. The problem should be considered from two different perspectives i.e. for intensively and for less urbanised areas. The article results in the formulation of guidelines for energy-efficient modernization of contemporary buildings and their surroundings.
Zygmunt Lipnicki, Marta Gortych, Anna Staszczuk and Tadeusz Kuczyński
The goal of the paper was to simplify the designing process for mass and energy flow through solar collector - chimney system. Theoretical analysis allowed to get involved system of three nonlinear analytical equations in dimensionless forms that have been saved. Dimensionless numbers for the problem are well known in the literature on fluid mechanics and thermodynamics: Reynolds, Grashof, Galileo, Biot and Prandtl. In the analyzed equations are also dimensionless geometric parameters expressing the ratios of basic geometrical dimensions of the collector system-chimney: the radius disc collector to the thickness gap, the height and radius of the chimney. In the system of equations, the Reynolds number is treated as the determined number, which is a novelty of the method used.